NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste PDF Download
The fourth chapter of the NCERT Social Science textbook is named Gender, Religion, And Cast. This chapter will be the introduction to different types of social divisions which are present in the country, These divisions are on the basis of Religion, Gender, and Cast. How all of the social differences between the population are dependent on these 3 fragments and how they affect the politics of our country will be a matter of discussion in this lesson. From the chapter, the students can learn more about gender equality amongst people and other important topics such as communal difference, inequality and so much more. They can also gain some insight into the works of the government in filling out all the gaps present in the constitutional provisions.
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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science (Political Science) Chapter - 4 (Gender, Religion and Caste)
1. Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated against or disadvantaged in India.
Ans: The women face discrimination in India in the following aspects of life:
Many regions in India do not allow female education.
Females are expected to be home makers after marriage, and not work to earn their living.
Female workers receive lower wages than their male counterparts in the unorganised sector.
Female Foeticide and Female Infanticide is still practiced in various parts of India.
2. State different forms of communal politics with one example each.
Ans: The different forms of Communal Politics are as follows:
The state of Mizoram, which is Christian Majority, does not hold International Yoga Day celebrations in the state, unlike the other states.
The separatists in Kashmir demand a free region for Muslims.
The formation of political parties based on the agenda of working towards only a particular community such as the Bhim Army, All India Majlis-Ittehad-ul-Muslimeen, etc.
3. State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.
Ans: The Caste Inequalities are still continuing in India because of the following reasons:
i. People use their caste names as their last names to keep themselves associated with their caste.
ii. Inter-caste marriages are less common in rural India.
iii. The provision of reservations has led to a divide of the Indian society into OBCs, SCs and STs apart from the Unreserved ones.
4. State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.
Ans: The reasons why caste alone cannot determine election results in India are as follows:
i. No party has ever won all the votes of a particular caste.
ii. No parliamentary constituency in India has the voters of a single caste alone.
5. What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies?
Ans: When it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies, India is among the bottom group of nations in the world. Women’s representation has always been less than 10% in Lok Sabha and 5% in the State Assemblies.
On the other hand, the situation is different in the case of local government bodies. As one- third of seats in local government bodies (panchayats and municipalities) are reserved for women, there are more than 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban local bodies.
6. Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.
Ans: The two constitutional provisions making India a secular state are as follows:
i. Everyone is free to practice, profess and propagate their own religion in India.
ii. The state does not interfere in the matters of religion as long as the beliefs are constitutional.
7. When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:
(a) Biological difference between men and women
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women
(c) Unequal child sex ratio
(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies
Ans: (b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women
8. In India seats are reserved for women in
(a) Lok Sabha
(b) State Legislative Assemblies
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies
Ans: (d) Panchayati Raj bodies
9. Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:
A. One religion is superior to that of others.
B. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) A, B, C and D
(b) A, B and D
(c) A and C
(d) B and D
Ans: (c) A and C
10. Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It
(a) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion
(b) gives official status to one religion
(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion
(d) ensures equality of citizens within religious communities
Ans: (c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion
11. Social divisions based on _______ are peculiar to India.
Ans: Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India.
12. Match List I with List II and select the correct Ans: using the codes given below the Lists:
A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men
A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community
A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of community
A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste
Gender Religion And Caste Class 10 NCERT Solutions
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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Do Caste Inequalities still exist in India?
Answer: Yes, caste inequalities still exist in our country and can be observed in the following ways.
Most marriages in our country are arranged within the same caste, and even today inter-caste marriages are despised in most parts of our country.
The greatest example of caste inequality is the practice of untouchability towards lower castes in our country. In most rural parts of India, the people belonging to the lower castes are treated as untouchables, even after the constitutional prohibition of untouchability.
People belonging to the lower castes are deprived of many opportunities in rural areas, which in turn affects their economic conditions.
2. State two such Provisions of the Indian Constitution that make Our Country a Secular State.
Answer: The following two provisions of the Indian constitution make our country a secular state.
Any discrimination based on religion is prohibited by the constitution of our country.
The constitution of our country provides its citizens the freedom to practice and preach the religion of their choice.
3. How many questions are there in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4- Gender, Religion, and Caste?
Answer: There are 12 questions and answers in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4- Gender, Religion, and Caste. There are short answer type questions like choosing the correct answer, fill in the blanks, and match the lists as well as long answer type questions in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4- Gender, Religion, and Caste.
4. Do I have to pay any charges for downloading the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4- Gender, Religion, and Caste from Vedantu?
Answer: No, the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 4- Gender, Religion, and Caste can be downloaded for absolutely free of cost from Vedantu. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by the subject-matter experts at Vedantu and are available in PDF format. You can access this PDF online as well as offline. All you need to have is an internet connection to download these NCERT Solutions.