NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 2 - Federalism

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 2 - Federalism PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 2 are now available for free download on Vedantu. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by Vedantu’s subject-matter experts to simplify the learning process. All the important points of this chapter are covered and in the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 2. With the help of these NCERT Solutions, students will be able to develop a deeper understanding of the concepts covered in Chapter 2, Federalism. Hence, they can secure good marks in the examination by practising the solutions. 

Your understanding of democracy and politics will play a vital role to form a strong foundation in law, politics, and various principles of democracy. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Federalism PDF provides simple explanations of all the topics covered in the chapter.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 – Federalism part-1

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 – Federalism

Short Answers:

1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India:

Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa

Ans:

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2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Ans: 

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3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one 

feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Ans: Similarity: In both the countries, the central government shares its powers with the regional governments.

Difference: Along with the central and state government, Belgium also has a community government.


4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one?

Ans: In the Federal form of government, power is shared between the Central government and the other constituent units of the country. Like in India, the power is shared between the Central and the State governments.

The unitary form of government provides power to only one government. Like in Sri Lanka, all the power has been given to the national government.


5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992. 

Ans: 

Local governments before 1992- 

  • State controlled the elections and they were held irregularly.

  • No power or resources were given to local governments.

Local governments after 1992-

  • Elections are conducted regularly by an independent State Election Commission.

  • Some powers and revenue is shared with local government bodies by the State governments.


6. Fill in the blanks:

Since the United States is a ____________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are _______________ vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ___________________ government has more powers.

Ans:

Since the United States is a coming together type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a holding together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the Central government has more powers.


7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.

Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.

Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their 

language.

Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Ans: I concur with Sangeeta's reaction. Had the policy of accommodation not been followed and the states not been created on linguistic basis, India would have suffered further partition. 

For example, if Hindi would have been declared as the national language, the south would have broken away from the north and have become an independent nation. 


8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:

(a) The National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.

(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.

(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Ans: (d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.


9. A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them 

under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

A. Defence

B. Police

C. Agriculture

D. Education

E. Banking

F. Forests

G. Communications

H. Trade

I. Marriages

Ans: 

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10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

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Ans: (d) Local governments – Residuary powers


11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

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Ans: (c) A-1, C-2, D-3, B-4 


12. Consider the following statements.

A. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly 

demarcated.

B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are 

specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective 

subjects.

C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.

D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the states have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B and C

(b) A, C and D

(c) A and B only

(d) B and C only

Ans: (c) A and B only


Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 NCERT Solutions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2: Federalism 

Social Science is an important part of the Class 10 curriculum. It includes various sub-branches like History, Geography, Civics, Economics, and Political Science. Among all these, political science or civics is the toughest subject to grasp in the beginning. However, once you start to become familiar with the help of NCERT solutions for class 10 SST Federalism you will very soon start to enjoy learning its concepts.

The Ch 2 Civics Class 10 textbook is based on Federalism Class 10th level concepts. It revolves around a particular form of power-sharing which is defined as federalism. The Civics Class 10 Chapter 2 PDF will introduce the term federalism in general meaning and how it is used. We further learn the theory and practices of Federalism Class 10, in brief, in this chapter. This chapter covers an analytical explanation of the policies and politics that fuels the federalism that is in practice. Towards the end of the chapter, we will learn about the local Government which is a new and third tier of Indian federalism. Including the MCQs and match the following, there are a total of 12 questions in this chapter Civics Ch 2 Class 10.


Why Should You Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 PDF?

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 PDF will help the students learn the concepts and topics in the textbook chapters better and faster. The NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 has proven to be a boon for many students. If there is any topic that hinders the pace of your learning, then refer to the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 PDF to clear your doubts. The Class 10 Federalism NCERT Solutions PDF is prepared and compiled by the master teachers who leave no stone unturned to provide you with unparalleled quality of study material. And you get all of this for free.  


Why Should You Refer to Vedantu for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2?

Vedantu is the number one online education portal in the country. It has an unbeatable track record of happy parents because of the academic excellence shown by its students.

NCERT Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 Solutions on Vedantu provides excellent assistance in preparing the topics covered in this chapter for the examination. The Federalism Class 10 NCERT Solutions help students to develop an understanding of the right approach to answer various types of questions in the exam. Also, the live classes on Vedantu provide students a platform to address their doubts on Federalism Class 10 Solutions. 

By studying the Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 NCERT Solutions students assess their understanding of the topics covered in the chapter. Our mentors are responsible for guiding the students properly during their exam preparation. They understand the needs of the student and make lessons more engaging at a very small extra cost. Vedantu offers a live interactive digital environment in which they hold face-to-face private tuitions virtually. They provide you with the pre-recorded sessions to aid your revision too. Vedantu offers its exclusive supplementary material to every student who enrolls at their platform. The PDFs however are free to download for all students. If you have been looking forward to making study easy, interactive, and fun, Vedantu is the bridge to fulfill all your dreams and academic ambitions.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Name the chapters in the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics?

Ans: The Class 10 Social Science or Civics Democratic Politics has 8 chapters. The names of the chapters are given below.

  • Power-sharing

  • Federalism

  • Democracy and Diversity

  • Gender, Religion, and Caste

  • Popular Struggles and Movements

  • Political Parties

  • Outcomes of Democracy

  • Challenges to Democracy

Q2. Why do you need Ch 2 Civics Class 10 NCERT Solutions?

Ans: The Ch 2 Civics Class 10 NCERT Solutions will provide a clear understanding of the correct writing pattern for various questions that may come in the exam. By following the Federalism NCERT Solutions Class 10 you will be able to prepare better for the exam and score good marks in it.

Q3. What are the benefits of Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Federalism?

Ans: The following are the benefits of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Federalism.

  • The civics ch 2 class 10 NCERT Solutions are written in an easy to understand language.

  • An organized flow of information is maintained so that students can relate to every topic.

  • These NCERT Solutions prove to be very time-saving for revisions before the examination. 

Q4. What is Federalism Class 10? Write a short answer.

Ans: Federalism is where power is shared between a central government and governments at the state levels. India is federal in nature as it has two levels of government, which are a central government and governments at state levels. Central government works on matters of national interest, whereas state or province governments carry out day-to-day functions. India is a “holding together” type of federalism as opposed to the “coming together” federalism,  like in the US and Switzerland. 

Q5. Why is Federalism important in a Democracy Class 10?

Ans: Federalism is important in a democracy to protect the unity of the country and, at the same time, promote regional diversity so that various communities and groups coexist with each other in peace and harmony. Federalism also allows the smooth functioning of the country at all levels. The states and the centre ensure that the interest of the citizens is met by carrying out day-to-day activities and protecting national interests, respectively. You can read more about federalism from the page NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science.

Q6. What are the key features of federalism Class 10 CBSE?

Ans: The key features of federalism are:

  • Multiple levels or tiers of government exist. 

  • These tiers have their own jurisdiction over matters of legislation, administration, and taxation. 

  • The jurisdiction of different levels of government has been specified in the constitution of the country. 

  • Changes in the constitution of the country cannot be brought alone by one level of the government. Both the levels need to consent to the changes introduced. 

  • Courts resolve disputes between the levels of government.

  • Revenue sources for each government level are also specified.  

Q7. What is Federalism?

Ans: A government system in which sharing of powers occurs between different levels of government (central level and state level) is called federalism. There are two types of federalism one is “coming together” federalism, and the other is “holding together” federalism. The “coming together” federalism includes all those countries that have an equal sharing of power between both levels of government. The “holding together” federalism includes countries with more power over the central governments than the state governments creating an unequal power distribution. 

Q8. How do I solve Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 2?

Ans: You can easily solve Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 by choosing to practice the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 2 that is available on the Vedantu website (vedantu.com) free of cost. This NCERT Solution explains all the answers systematically and in a very lucid way. You will be able to understand all topics in the chapter as this solution covers each and every sub-topic from the chapter. All the resources and study material is also available in the Vedantu app free.

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