Exploring Federalism: NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Democratic Politics Chapter 2
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 2 are now available for free download on Vedantu. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by Vedantu’s subject-matter experts to simplify the learning process. All the important points of this chapter are covered and in the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 2. With the help of these NCERT Solutions, students will be able to develop a deeper understanding of the concepts covered in Chapter 2, Federalism. Hence, they can secure good marks in the examination by practising the solutions.
Your understanding of democracy and politics will play a vital role to form a strong foundation in law, politics, and various principles of democracy. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Federalism PDF provides simple explanations of all the topics covered in the chapter.
Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 – Federalism
1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India:
Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa
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2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.
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3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one
feature that is different from that of Belgium.
Ans: Similarity: In both the countries, the central government shares its powers with the regional governments.
Difference: Along with the central and state government, Belgium also has a community government.
4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one?
Ans: In the Federal form of government, power is shared between the Central government and the other constituent units of the country. Like in India, the power is shared between the Central and the State governments.
The unitary form of government provides power to only one government. Like in Sri Lanka, all the power has been given to the national government.
5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992.
Local governments before 1992-
State controlled the elections and they were held irregularly.
No power or resources were given to local governments.
Local governments after 1992-
Elections are conducted regularly by an independent State Election Commission.
Some powers and revenue is shared with local government bodies by the State governments.
6. Fill in the blanks:
Since the United States is a ____________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are _______________ vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ___________________ government has more powers.
Since the United States is a coming together type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a holding together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the Central government has more powers.
7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.
Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.
Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their
Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.
Ans: I concur with Sangeeta's reaction. Had the policy of accommodation not been followed and the states not been created on linguistic basis, India would have suffered further partition.
For example, if Hindi would have been declared as the national language, the south would have broken away from the north and have become an independent nation.
8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:
(a) The National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.
Ans: (d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.
9. A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them
under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.
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10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
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Ans: (d) Local governments – Residuary powers
11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
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Ans: (c) A-1, C-2, D-3, B-4
12. Consider the following statements.
A. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly
B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are
specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective
C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the states have been devolved to the local government bodies.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B and C
(b) A, C and D
(c) A and B only
(d) B and C only
Ans: (c) A and B only
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2: Federalism - Introduction
In the field of political science, understanding the concept of Federalism is crucial for comprehending the distribution of power and governance within a nation. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Democratic Politics Chapter 2 delves into the topic of federalism, offering students a comprehensive insight into the functioning of federal systems. This content explores the fundamental concepts covered in Chapter 2, providing a thorough examination and analysis of the key topics and how NCERT Solutions can assist Class 10 students in grasping the intricacies of federalism.
Important Topics Covered in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science
Students will learn about Federalism in Chapter 2 of Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics, which is a power-sharing arrangement between two or more tiers of government. Federalism exists in India. Union government, state government, and municipal government are the three tiers of government that have power. Students will explore the fundamentals of Indian federalism, with a focus on decentralisation.
The following are some of the important topics taught in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science:
What is federalism?
What makes India a federal country?
How is federalism practised?
Decentralisation in India
Why Should You Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 PDF?
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism helps students learn the concepts and topics in the textbook chapters better and faster.
The NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 has proven to be a boon for many students.
If there is any topic that hinders the pace of your learning, then refer to the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 PDF to clear your doubts.
The Class 10 Federalism NCERT Solutions PDF is prepared and compiled by the master teachers who leave no stone unturned to provide you with unparalleled quality of study material.
You can download the answers in PDF form and study from it to score well.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 Federalism is available for free on Vedantu website
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NCERT Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 Solutions on Vedantu provides excellent assistance in preparing the topics covered in this chapter for the examination.
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Polity - Democratic Politics
Before you follow the NCERT solutions Class 10 Social Science, you need to know the chapters.
Chapter 2 of Class 10 Democratic Politics mainly focuses on the concepts such as what is federalism, what makes India a federal country, how is federalism practised, Language policy, Centre-State relations, and Decentralisation in India. After finishing the chapter, the students can refer to the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Democratic Politics Chapter 2. The solutions consist of all the important questions and answers and are explained in simple language for the students created by our subject experts. The solutions will help the students to have a clear idea about each and every concept and to ace the exam without fear.
In NCERT Solutions Class 10 Democratic Politics Chapter 2 Federalism, we have also provided several questions based on the important concepts. These solutions are prepared by our experts as per the current CBSE guidelines. After going through these solutions, students will be able to secure high marks in the exam.
FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Chapter 2 - Federalism
1. Name the chapters in the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics?
The Class 10 Social Science or Civics Democratic Politics has 8 chapters. The names of the chapters are given below.
Democracy and Diversity
Gender, Religion, and Caste
Popular Struggles and Movements
Outcomes of Democracy
Challenges to Democracy
2. Why do you need Ch 2 Civics Class 10 NCERT Solutions?
The Ch 2 Civics Class 10 NCERT Solutions will provide a clear understanding of the correct writing pattern for various questions that may come in the exam. By following the Federalism NCERT Solutions Class 10 you will be able to prepare better for the exam and score good marks in it.
3. What are the benefits of Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Federalism?
The following are the benefits of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Federalism.
The civics ch 2 class 10 NCERT Solutions are written in an easy to understand language.
An organized flow of information is maintained so that students can relate to every topic.
These NCERT Solutions prove to be very time-saving for revisions before the examination.
4. What is Federalism Class 10? Write a short answer.
Federalism is where power is shared between a central government and governments at the state levels. India is federal in nature as it has two levels of government, which are a central government and governments at state levels. Central government works on matters of national interest, whereas state or province governments carry out day-to-day functions. India is a “holding together” type of federalism as opposed to the “coming together” federalism, like in the US and Switzerland.
5. Why is Federalism important in a Democracy Class 10?
Federalism is important in a democracy to protect the unity of the country and, at the same time, promote regional diversity so that various communities and groups coexist with each other in peace and harmony. Federalism also allows the smooth functioning of the country at all levels. The states and the centre ensure that the interest of the citizens is met by carrying out day-to-day activities and protecting national interests, respectively. You can read more about federalism from the page NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science.
6. What are the key features of federalism Class 10 CBSE?
The key features of federalism are:
Multiple levels or tiers of government exist.
These tiers have their own jurisdiction over matters of legislation, administration, and taxation.
The jurisdiction of different levels of government has been specified in the constitution of the country.
Changes in the constitution of the country cannot be brought alone by one level of the government. Both the levels need to consent to the changes introduced.
Courts resolve disputes between the levels of government.
Revenue sources for each government level are also specified.
7. What is Federalism?
A government system in which sharing of powers occurs between different levels of government (central level and state level) is called federalism. There are two types of federalism one is “coming together” federalism, and the other is “holding together” federalism. The “coming together” federalism includes all those countries that have an equal sharing of power between both levels of government. The “holding together” federalism includes countries with more power over the central governments than the state governments creating an unequal power distribution.
8. How do I solve Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 2?
You can easily solve Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 by choosing to practice the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 2 that is available on the Vedantu website (vedantu.com) free of cost. This NCERT Solution explains all the answers systematically and in a very lucid way. You will be able to understand all topics in the chapter as this solution covers each and every sub-topic from the chapter. All the resources and study material is also available in the Vedantu app free.