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# NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 - Physical World

Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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## NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 - Physical World

Physics can be a tough subject for many students hence, getting help from experts becomes essential while preparing for board exams. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 prepared by subject matter experts at Vedantu makes all the concepts appear very simple. The complex problems are broken down into simple steps so that students can grasp all the fundamentals involved in solving problems in the first chapter of Physics Class 11 NCERT.

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 Class: NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Subject: Class 11 Physics Chapter Name: Chapter 1 - Physical World Content-Type: Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format Academic Year: 2024-25 Medium: English and Hindi Available Materials: Chapter Wise Other Materials Important QuestionsRevision Notes

## Physical World Chapter at a Glance - Class 11 NCERT Solutions

• Physics deals with the study of the basic laws of nature and their manifestation in different phenomena. The basic laws of physics are universal and apply in widely different contexts and conditions.

• The scope of physics is wide, covering a tremendous range of magnitude of physical quantities.

• Physics and technology are related to each other. Sometimes technology gives rise to new physics; at other times physics generates new technology. Both have a direct impact on society.

• There are four fundamental forces in nature that govern the diverse phenomena of the macroscopic world. These are the ‘gravitational force’, the ‘electromagnetic force’, the ‘strong nuclear force’, and the ‘weak nuclear force’. Unification of different forces/domains in nature is a basic quest in physics.

Below Table Shows Difference Between the Fundamental Forces

• The physical quantities that remain unchanged in a process are called conserved quantities. Some of the general conservation laws in nature include the laws of conservation of mass, energy, linear momentum, angular momentum, charge, parity, etc. Some conservation laws are true for one fundamental force but not for the other.

• Conservation laws have a deep connection with symmetries of nature. Symmetries of space and time, and other types of symmetry play a central role in modern theories of fundamental forces in nature.

Competitive Exams after 12th Science

## Access NCERT Solutions for Physics Chapter 1 – Physical World

1. Some of the Most Profound Statements on the Nature of Science Have Come from Albert Einstein, One of the Greatest Scientists of All Time. What Do You Think Einstein Meant When He Said: “The Most Incomprehensible Thing About the World Is That it Is Comprehensible”?

Ans: Since the physical world around us appears to be full of different complex natural phenomena, the world is considered in-comprehensible.

But with the help of study and observations one would find that all these phenomena are based on some basic physical laws and hence comprehensible.

2. “Every Great Physical Theory Starts as a Heresy and Ends as a Dogma". Give Some Examples from the History of Science of the Validity of This Incisive Remark.

Ans: The above statement is true.

Validity of this incisive remark can be validated with the help of the example of moment of inertia.

It states that the moment of inertia of a body depends on its energy.

However, according to Einstein's mass-energy relation, energy depends on the speed of the body.

3. Politics Is the Art of the Possible”. Similarly, "Science Is the Art of the Soluble”. Explain This Beautiful Aphorism on the Nature and Practice of Science.

Ans: We all know that to win over votes, politicians would make anything and everything possible even when they are least sure of the same.

Similarly, in the case of science the various natural phenomena can be explained in terms of some basic laws.

So as 'Politics is the art of possible', similarly 'Science is the art of the soluble'.

4. Though India Now Has a Large Base in Science and Technology, Which Is Fast Expanding, It Is Still a Long Way from Realizing Its Potential of Becoming a World Leader in Science. Name Some Important Factors, Which in Your View Have Hindered the Advancement of Science in India.

Ans: Some important factors in our view which hinder the advancement of science in India are:

1) Proper funds aren’t arranged for the development of research work and laboratories. The labs and scientific instruments are very old and outdated.

2) Most of the people in India are highly traditional and uneducated. So, they don't understand the importance of science.

3) Employment opportunities are also very low.

4) Facilities for science education in schools and colleges in India are very poor.

5. No Physicist Has Ever “Seen” an Electron. Yet, All Physicists Believe in the Existence of Electrons. An Intelligent but Superstitious Man Advances This Analogy to Argue That ‘Ghosts’ Exist Even Though No One Has ‘seen’ One. How Will You Refute His Argument?

Ans: No physicist has ever seen an atom, however there is practical evidence which proves the presence of electrons.

Their size is so small that even powerful microscopes can’t measure their sizes but its effects could be tested.

On the other hand, there is no such phenomena that could prove the existence of ghosts.

Though our senses of sight and hearing are very limited to observe the existence of both, experimental evidence is enough proof for any scientist.

6. the Shells of Crabs Found Around a Particular Coastal Location in Japan Seem Mostly to Resemble the Legendary Face of a Samurai. Given Below Are Two Explanations of This Observed Fact. Which of These Strikes You as a Scientific Explanation?

a) A tragic sea accident several centuries ago drowned a young Samurai. As a tribute to his bravery, nature through its inscrutable ways immortalized his face by imprinting it on the crab shells in that area.

b) After the sea tragedy, fishermen in that area, in a gesture of honour to their dead hero, let free any crab shell caught by them which accidentally had a shape resembling the face of a Samurai. Consequently, the particular shape of the crab shell survived longer and therefore in course of time the shape was genetically propagated.

This is an example of evolution by artificial selection.

(Note: This interesting illustration taken from Carl Sagan’s ‘The Cosmos’ highlights the fact that often strange and inexplicable facts which on the first sight appear ‘supernatural’ actually turn out to have simple scientific explanations. Try to think of other examples of this kind).

Ans: Explanation (b) could be considered as a correct scientific explanation of the observed fact.

7. The Industrial Revolution in England and Western Europe More Than Two Centuries Ago Was Triggered by Some Key Scientific and Technological Advances. What Were These Advances?

Ans:

More than two centuries ago, England and Western Europe made inventions like steam engines, electricity, theory of gravitation and explosives.

Steam engines helped them in the field of heat and thermodynamics, theory of gravitation in the field of motion and making guns and cannons.

These progresses lead to industrial revolution in England and Western Europe.

8. It Is Often Said That the World Is Now Witnessing a Second Industrial Revolution, Which Will Transform the Society as Radically as Did the First. List Some Key Contemporary Areas of Science and Technology, Which Are Responsible for This Revolution.

Ans: Some of the key contemporary areas of science and technology which may transform the society radically are the following:

1) The development of super-fast computers.

2) Internet and tremendous advancement in information technology.

3) The development in Biotechnology

4) The development of superconducting materials at room temperature

5) The development of robots.

9. Write in About 1000 Words a Fiction Piece Based on Your Speculation on the Science and Technology of the Twenty-Second Century.

Ans: Imagine you are in a spaceship along with your friends which is moving towards Mars. The body of the spaceship is made of a specially designed matter which becomes harder as its temperature increases. The spaceship is using nuclear fuel and has three nuclear power plants in it. Two of them work alternatively and the third is kept for emergencies. The energy produced at these power plants is converted into electric energy which in turn runs the motors of the spaceship.

Your team reaches safely on Mars, collects data, takes photographs and then returns back to the Earth. Unfortunately, on the return journey, the spaceship collides with an object in space and two of the power plants stop working as a result. Also, the third power plant’s efficiency is decreasing continuously due to overheating.

You and your friends try to reduce the temperature of the power plant by flowing air in the plant and also try to repair the fuse of the other power plants. Finally, your team manages to repair the fuse of one of the powerplants. At last, you and your friends return safely back to Earth.

10. Attempt to Formulate Your ‘moral’ Views on the Practice of Science. Imagine Yourself Stumbling Upon a Discovery, Which Has Great Academic Interest but Is Certain to Have Nothing but Dangerous Consequences for Human Society. How, If at All, Will You Resolve Your Dilemma?

Ans: In our view a type of discovery which is of great academic interest but harmful for human society should not be made public because any advancement in the field of science is meant to improve the society, not to destroy it.

11. Science, Like Any Knowledge, Can Be Put to Good or Bad Use, Depending on the User. Given Below Are Some of the Applications of Science. Formulate Your Views on Whether the Particular Application Is Good, Bad or Something That Cannot Be So Clearly Categorized:

a) Mass vaccination against smallpox to curb and finally eradicate this disease from the population. (This has already been successfully done in India).

Ans: Good. This was one of the major discoveries in the field of medical science and could save many lives.

b) Television for eradication of illiteracy and for mass communication of news and ideas.

Ans: Good. Without doubt television is a big boon as we could know what happens all across the world while relaxing on your couch.

c) Prenatal sex determination.

Ans: Bad. Though it is great that we could know the sex of the baby before it comes out of the womb, female foeticide has shown an increase after this discovery.

d) Computers for increase in work efficiency.

Ans: Good. Computers have in fact made the world a better place and life on it easier.

e) Putting artificial satellites into orbits around the Earth.

Ans: Good. Artificial satellites with all its applications have made communication, etc great.

f) Development of nuclear weapons.

Ans:  Bad. No good has come out of this discovery but loss of lives.

g) Development of new and powerful techniques of chemical and biological warfare.

Ans: War is bad and so is this development.

h) Purification of water for drinking.

Ans: Good. Drinking pure water is must to avoid deadly diseases.

i) Plastic surgery

Ans: Good. This could fix innate disfigurement and those caused due to accidents. However, those who could afford this surgery also use it to change features that would make them meet the beauty standards.

j) Cloning

Ans: Good. This could help farmers, etc, to increase the production of that crop or animal showing preferred traits.

12. India Has Had a Long and Unbroken Tradition of Great Scholarship - in Mathematics, Astronomy, Linguistics, Logic and Ethics. Yet, in Parallel With This, Several Superstitious and Obscurantist Attitudes and Practices Flourished in Our Society and Unfortunately Continue Even Today - Among Many Educated People Too. How Will You Use Your Knowledge of Science to Develop Strategies to Counter These Attitudes?

Ans: Poverty and illiteracy are the two major factors which make people superstitious and hence affect the quality of education in India.

In order to remove the superstitious and obscurantist attitude we have to first fix these factors.

Everybody should be educated, so that everyone can have a scientific perspective. Scientific knowledge can prove people's superstitions wrong by showing them the scientific logic behind everything happening around the world.

13. Though the Law Gives Women Equal Status in India, Many People Hold Unscientific Views on a Woman’s Innate Nature, Capacity and Intelligence, and in Practice Give Them a Secondary Status and Role. Demolish This View Using Scientific Arguments, and by Quoting Examples of Great Women in Science and Other Spheres; and Persuade Yourself and Others That, Given Equal Opportunity, Women Are on Par With Men.

Ans: Some people in our society believe that women do not have the innate nature, capacity and intelligence.

To demolish this belief, we could cite the examples of women who have proven their abilities in science and other fields. For example, Madam Curie, Mother Teresa, Indira Gandhi, Margaret Thatcher, Rani Laxmi Bai, Florence Nightingale, etc.

Hence, we could say that, in this era, women are definitely not behind men in any field.

14. “It Is More Important to Have Beauty in the Equations of Physics Than to Have Them Agree With Experiments”. the Great British Physicist P. A. M. Dirac Held This View. Criticize This Statement. Look Out for Some Equations and Results in This Book Which Strike You as Beautiful.

Ans: An equation which agrees with experiment must also be simple and hence beautiful. Following are some simple and beautiful equations in Physics:

1) Energy of light, $E=m{{c}^{2}}$

2) Energy of a photon, $E=h\nu$

3) Kinetic energy of a moving particle, $K.E=\frac{1}{2}m{{v}^{2}}$

4) Potential energy of a body at rest, $P.E=mgh$

5) Work done, $W=F.d$

It is interesting that all the above equations have the same dimension.

One experiment shows dependency of energy on speed, the other shows dependency on frequency & displacement and that's the beauty of equations in Physics coming from different experiments.

15. Though the Statement Quoted Above May Be Disputed, Most Physicists Do Have a Feeling That the Great Laws of Physics Are at Once Simple and Beautiful. Some of the Notable Physicists, Besides Dirac, Who Have Articulated This Feeling, Are: Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, Chandrasekhar and Feynman. You Are Urged to Make Special Efforts to Get Access to the General Books and Writings by These and Other Great Masters of Physics. (see the Bibliography at the End of This Book.) Their Writings Are Truly Inspiring!

Ans: It is extremely true that great laws of physics are simple and beautiful. Few of the examples are given below.

a) Einstein's mass-energy equivalence relation $E=m{{c}^{2}}$ is simple and beautiful.

b) According to Max Planck's quantum, the energy of a photon is $E=h\nu$, is also a simple and beautiful equation.

c) The De-Broglie wavelength associated with a particle of mass m is given by $\lambda =\frac{h}{mv}$. It is also a simple and beautiful equation.

16. Textbooks on Science May Give You a Wrong Impression That Studying Science Is Dry and All Too Serious and That Scientists Are Absent-Minded Introverts Who Never Laugh or Grin. This Image of Science and Scientists Is Patently False. Scientists, Like Any Other Group of Humans, Have Their Share of Humorists, and Many Have Led Their Lives With a Great Sense of Fun and Adventure, Even as They Seriously Pursued Their Scientific Work. Two Great Physicists of This Genre Are Gamow and Feynman. You Will Enjoy Reading Their Books Listed in the Bibliography.

Ans: It is very true that scientists like any other group of humans have their share of humorists.

Two great physicists of this genre are Gamow and Feynman. We could also add a few other scientists to this list: CV Raman, Einstein, Bohr, former Indian president. APJ Abdul Kalam, etc.

The teachers at Vedantu have prepared these solutions after extensive research, and they are in line with the CBSE curriculum hence very beneficial from the exam point of view. If students get stuck during going through Chapter 1 of Physics Class 11, they can always get in touch with the solution providers to clarify every doubt.

The entire NCERT Solutions Physics Class 11 Chapter 1 PDF is now available at Vedantu and can be downloaded online from anywhere. Students can refer to these solutions for a quick revision. By going through these solutions, you can easily comprehend and can do similar sums independently.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 – Physical World

### Introduction

In NCERT Physics Class 11 Part 1, you will learn about the fundamentals of the physical world. Students would learn how the word science has come from the Latin verb “Scientia” which means “to know”. It briefly discusses how science progressed from countries like India, Egypt, China, Greece, etc. It was in the middle of the twentieth century that learning science became popular, and many efforts to learn about it had started in a big way. Students would learn that science is a systematic way of understanding what happens in the nature around us in much more detail and depth. Students would understand how many experiments, systematic observation, etc. contribute to learning about the world.

In particular, students would learn about two principal thrusts in Physics:

• Unification – The quest for unification is to unify fundamental forces of nature. Like gravity makes things fall on the ground and also causes the motion of the moon around the earth.

• Reduction – This concept is at the heart of Physics, where properties of simpler parts are used to derive properties of a bigger and more complex system.

### Scope and Excitement of Physics

In this section of the Physics Class 11 chapter, 1 various subdiscipline of Physics are discussed. Students will learn here about:

• Macroscopic Domain – This deals with phenomena at the terrestrial, laboratory, and astronomical scales.

• Microscopic Domain – This domain includes molecular, atomic, and nuclear phenomena.

### Physics Technology and Society

In this part of the ch 1 Physics Class 11 students would learn how Physics, technology, and society are interrelated. Students would be acquainted with how thermodynamics came into existence due to the need to understand and improve the working of heat engines. Likewise, the steam engine had a great impact on human life. The basic law of electricity and magnetism gave rise to wireless communication. In this section of the Class 11th Physics chapter students will get to know the names of many famous physicists along with their country of origin and their greatest contribution to Physics and society.

### Fundamental Forces in Nature

Students would get to know about what force is and various forms of force. Force is used in everyday life to push, carry, or break things. The gravitational force pulls objects to the ground. Apart from these, many other common forces exist in nature like:

• Muscular force.

• Contact forces between bodies.

• The friction which is a form of the contact force that is parallel to the surfaces which are in contact.

• Electromagnetic Forces – Force between charged particles.

• Strong Nuclear Forces – Force that binds protons and neutrons in a nucleus.

• Weak Nuclear Forces – These appear in a few nuclear processes like the β−decay of the nucleus.

Students are presented with a table where different types of technology like radio, laser, etc. are listed along with the scientific principles that they are based on. Students will also learn about life and works of famous scientists like Albert Einstein and Satyendra Nath Bose in this portion of Class 11 Physics NCERT solutions Chapter 1.

### Nature of Physical Laws

In this part of 11th Class Physics 1st chapter, students will be taught about how any physical phenomenon causes a change in many quantities with time. They would also learn that certain physical quantities remain unchanged despite the natural forces. Students would understand the conservation principles and that the total mechanical energy of a body remains constant. It is termed as the unification process, and students are presented with a table where famous scientists and their achievements in the unification field are illustrated. The life and work of scientist C.V. Raman with regards to conservation laws are also discussed here.

### Exercise 1.1

The solutions of Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 Exercise 1.1 are prepared based on all these natural laws discussed. The solution explains the concept in detail in a step by step manner. These are thought-provoking questions that need a deeper understanding of the chapter, and the team at Vedantu can give you more insight into it.

### Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class Physics Chapter 1

Getting a good grasp on Physics needs you to have solutions prepared by teachers who know the pain points of students. This is what our experts at Vedantu possess due to their vast experience in this subject. They not only provide solutions but also make students adept in solving any kind of sum related to a particular topic, on their own.

The key features of these solutions are:

• It is a quick and easy way to recall all that you have learned in the chapter.

• The solutions are geared towards CBSE exams; hence students get a good preparation of how exam scenarios would be.

• There are many tips and tricks taught, which will help students memorize all the important formulas efficiently.

### Important Concepts Covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 1

The important concepts discussed in this chapter are listed below:

• Physical World

• What is Physics

• Scope and Excitement of Physics

• Physics, Technology, and Society

• Fundamental Forces in Nature

• Gravitational Force

• Electromagnetic Force

• Strong Nuclear Force

• Weak Nuclear Force

• Towards Unification of Forces

• Nature of Physical Laws

## FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 - Physical World

1. List Some of the Scientists and Their Major Contributions to Science.

Ans: Some of the scientists and their greatest contributions are listed in the table below:

 Scientist Contribution The Country they Belong to Archimedes Principle of buoyancy and Principle of Lever Greece J.C. Bose Ultra-short radio waves India Albert Einstein Theory of relativity and explanation of photo-electricity Germany Michale Faraday Law of electromagnetic induction U. K

2. Can Everything be Proved with the Help of Physics and Mathematics?

Ans: One should not think that all concepts can be proved with the help of Physics or mathematics. Science depends on some assumptions, which are called hypotheses, axioms, postulates, etc. A hypothesis is a supposition that does not assume it to be true. For instance, the universal law of gravitation is not something that can be proved. It can only be substantiated with experiments and observations.

3. What is the Physical World in Physics according to the Class 11 syllabus?

Ans: The first chapter in the syllabus for Class 11 Physics is called Physical World. The chapter involves topics such as the fundamental laws and principles of Science, Natural Sciences, Mathematics, and Physics. It focuses on the impact, forces, and uses of these subjects. Students will get a solid understanding of the development of various laws of Physics. All of these topics are important to grasp the basic concepts.

4. Is the Physical World important for NEET?

Ans: The chapter “Physical World” holds less importance than other chapters when one talks of NEET. It is observed that in the previous year’s question papers, not more than one or two questions are asked from this chapter. The syllabus of NEET 2024 is reduced, so the chances of this chapter’s questions are reduced. However, students should not wholly avoid studying it.

5. Is Class 11 Physics difficult?

Ans: For many students, Physics in class 11 is considered the most challenging subject if compared to Maths, Chemistry, and Biology. Students often find it hard to score well in Physics until they practice regularly and thoroughly understand all the topics and concepts. Understanding the fundamental concepts behind various equations instead of simply memorising them can help students score better in exams. To access the NCERT Solutions Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 Physical World, students can visit the official website of Vedantu.

6. What is a physical unit Class 11?

Ans: “Physical units” is one of the concepts from the second chapter of Class 11 Physics. The chapter is Units and Measurements. Physical units refer to the various standard units that are used to measure physical quantities. For example, kilogram, gram, and litre are all physical units that are used to measure the physical amount of various solid or liquid items. The concept of physical units is taught to introduce the measurement and comparison of any physical quantity.

7. Are NCERT Solutions important for Class 11 Physics?

Ans: Referring to NCERT Solutions is important while preparing for your Class 11 Physics exams. Reading the questions provided in the NCERT is not going to be helpful if students cannot answer them correctly. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics is available on Vedantu. Vedantu provides correct and step-by-step solutions for all NCERT questions. These solutions are also available on Vedantu’s App. All the resources are available free of cost.