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JEE Main - Optics Notes (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 20th May 2024
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Score High in JEE Main 2025: Optics Notes with Important Topics

Vedantu is providing JEE Main Optics Notes with Important Topics to score high in JEE Main 2025. Expert Vedantu master Teachers prepare these JEE Main Notes to empower your journey toward success. You can easily download the FREE PDF of these Notes from Vedantu’s website. The main features of JEE Main notes are simplified concepts and compact notes on important topics and theories.


JEE Main Revision Notes


Text, Images, Videos and PDF


JEE Main

Chapter Name:


Academic Session:



English Medium



Available Material:

Chapter-wise Notes with PDF

Students must consider Optics Notes PDF as a crucial resource because this chapter entails comprehending the behavior of light, including reflection, refraction, and the interplay of lenses and mirrors. You can understand the significance of Optics in JEE Main by checking the information in the table provided below.

Sl. No.


Average No. Of Questions Asked

Marks per Question

Total Marks





















Take advantage of the opportunity to boost your preparation with our Optics Notes. These notes cover the entire JEE Main Physics syllabus; you can download them for FREE.

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Important Topics From Optics JEE Main 2025

Below are some important topics students must consider while studying the Optics chapter. These topics are picked from the previous year’s JEE Main exams. Hence, before downloading the Revision notes, you can go through the list of important topics in this chapter:

  • Laws of Reflection

  • Laws of Refraction

  • Total Internal Reflection

  • Lens and Mirror Formulae

  • Lens-Maker's Formula

  • Magnification

  • Thin Lens and Lens Combinations

  • Dispersion and Prism

  • Optical Instruments (Microscope, Telescope)

  • Polarization of Light

  • Huygens Principle and Interference

  • Young's Double Slit Experiment

  • Diffraction of Light

  • Polarization by Scattering

These topics cover the fundamental concepts within the Optics chapter that are commonly asked in the JEE Main exam.

JEE Physics Notes: Explore Chapters with 2025 Links

Explore structured JEE 2025 Physics Notes through easily accessible chapter-wise links. Delve into crucial subjects, comprehend fundamental ideas, and enhance exam readiness. Equip yourself with an advantage using these targeted notes.

Learn with Optics Notes and Score High in JEE Main 2025

Optics is the field of studying how light behaves and interacts with various materials and objects. It explores phenomena like reflection, refraction, diffraction, and polarization to understand how light forms images, travels, and interacts with lenses, mirrors, and other optical devices.

The weightage of Optics in JEE Main is around 10%, and students can also expect direct questions from this section which makes it one of the scoring Topics. Here are the few points that make the chapter of high weightage. 

Section 1: Fundamentals of Optics

Light and its Properties:

Light exhibits dual nature, acting as both a particle and a wave. The electromagnetic spectrum includes different types of light such as radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays. Understanding concepts like wavelength, frequency, and velocity of light is crucial.

Reflection and Refraction:

Reflection occurs when light bounces back from a surface, following the laws of reflection. Refraction is the bending of light as it passes from one medium to another, governed by Snell's law. These principles find practical applications in our daily lives.

Laws of Reflection and Refraction:

The laws of reflection state that the incident ray, reflected ray, and the normal to the surface at the point of incidence lie on the same plane. The laws of refraction define the behavior of light when it passes through different mediums. Total internal reflection occurs when the angle of incidence exceeds the critical angle.

Section 2: Geometrical Optics


Different types of mirrors, such as plane, convex, and concave mirrors, have distinct characteristics. Understanding the formation of images in mirrors using ray diagrams is crucial for JEE Main. Reviewing past questions will help consolidate your understanding.


Lenses, including convex and concave lenses, have their own properties. Mastering the formation of images by lenses using ray diagrams is essential. Additionally, understanding the lens formula and its applications will strengthen your optics knowledge.

Section 3: Wave Optics

Young's Double Slit Experiment:

Interference is a key concept in wave optics. Young's double slit experiment demonstrates interference patterns and the conditions for constructive and destructive interference. Appreciating the significance of interference is important in understanding the wave nature of light.

Diffraction and Polarization:

Diffraction refers to the bending of waves around obstacles or through small openings. Polarization is the restriction of light vibrations to a specific plane. Questions related to diffraction and polarization have been asked in past JEE Main exams.

Section 4: Advanced Topics in Optics

Scattering and Interference:

Scattering occurs when light interacts with small particles, leading to phenomena like Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering. Interference principles manifest in various natural phenomena. The applications of scattering and interference are extensive across different fields.

Fermat's Principle:

Fermat's principle states that light follows the path that takes the least time. The principle of least time is applied to light propagation, leading to the formation of images. Understanding Fermat's principle is crucial for a comprehensive knowledge of optics.

Explore Further: Supplementary Resources for JEE Main 2025 Optics

Looking to enhance your JEE Main 2025 Optics preparation? Explore these Important materials:

Practice Papers: Enhance your abilities through focused practice.

Mock Tests: Replicate exam scenarios for increased confidence.

Sample Papers: Get acquainted with question formats.

Previous Year Question Papers (PYQPs): Understand exam patterns.

Use these tools to improve comprehension and test-taking skills, boosting your JEE Main 2025 performance!

Access The supplementary resources for JEE Main 2025 here:

Prepare with Vedantu’s JEE Main Notes to Raise your Performance

In your journey to conquer JEE Main 2025, Optics Notes are your trusted guide. They simplify complex concepts, highlight key points, and provide practice, making your preparation effective. With Vedantu's JEE Main notes, you will understand better, solve problems confidently, and excel in the exam. Download the Optics Revision Notes for FREE to sharpen your skills and triumph in JEE Main 2025.

FAQs on JEE Main - Optics Notes (Free PDF Download)

1. Which are the important topics of Optics Notes for JEE Main 2025?

Key Optics topics for JEE Main 2025 include reflection, refraction, lenses, mirrors, interference, diffraction, polarization, and modern applications like lasers and fiber optics.

2. Which is the easiest topic of JEE Main 2025 Optics Notes?

Polarization is often considered one of the easier topics in JEE Main 2025 Optics Notes due to its straightforward concepts.

3. How to learn using JEE Main 2025 Optics Notes?

Utilize active learning techniques, solve practice problems, and connect theory with real-world applications to effectively learn from JEE Main 2025 Optics Notes.

4. Are JEE Main 2025 Optics  Notes recommended for last-minute revision?

JEE Main 2025 Optics Notes are recommended for quick revision and clarifying concepts, but comprehensive study is crucial for success.

5. How much time is required to prepared for JEE Main 2025 Optics Notes?

Preparation duration varies based on prior knowledge and study pace, but allocate sufficient time to thoroughly grasp the Optics Notes' content.

6. What is the weightage of Optics Notes for JEE Main 2025?

The weightage of Optics Notes in JEE Main 2025 is 10%.