JEE Main Updated Chemistry Syllabus 2024: Download The Topic-wise PDF with Weightage
The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024 has been released and Vedantu brings you the revised JEE Main 2024 syllabus for Chemistry subject in the form of downloadable FREE PDFs. Having access to a thorough syllabus is critical. It acts as a guide for your preparation, ensuring that you cover all of the important topics.
You can boost yourJEE Main preparation by using Vedantu's syllabus PDF. JEE Main syllabus covers 28 units and is divided into three broad categories: Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry. Of these, eight topics are dedicated to Inorganic Chemistry, and ten to Organic Chemistry. It also provides insights into the topic weightage, helping you to efficiently prioritize your study. Knowing which issues are more important helps you prioritize your time and efforts, ensuring you focus on the most important areas.
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024: What's New and What Remains Unchanged
The National Testing Agency (NTA) has released the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus for 2024 with some new updates and revisions. The new syllabus is based on the latest NCERT textbooks for Class 11 and 12.
Chemistry weightage has been Reduced by 22.5% in Paper 1.
Revised Chemistry Syllabus:
The following are some of the major changes in the revised JEE Main Chemistry syllabus:
Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures
States of Matter
Thomson and Rutherford's atomic models and their limitations
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals
Chemistry in Everyday Life
Unlocking More Subjects: JEE Main Syllabus 2024 Resources
TheJEE Main syllabus covers a wide range of courses in physics, chemistry, and mathematics. It is beneficial to be familiar with the concepts and formulae in all three topics, as questions frequently need knowledge of multiple subjects. Students can obtain a deeper knowledge of the topics and be better prepared for the JEE Main exam by referring to other subjects. Discover links to other resources that go beyond the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024.
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus: 2024 Free PDF Download
Chemistry plays an important role in the JEE Main exam. The JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 covers a wide range of topics, from fundamental principles to advanced concepts. Students must master these concepts in order to perform well on the exam and achieve a high ranking.
Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element, and compound:: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry
Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom.
Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de
Broglie's relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, and its important features.
Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of and 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d - orbitals, electron spin, and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle.
Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, and extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals
Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR ) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
Molecular Orbital Theory - Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy.
Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, Entropy, types of processes.
The first law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.
The second law of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes; S of the universe and G of the system as criteria for spontaneity. G (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's
Law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions - a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure;
Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.
Meaning of equilibrium is the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid-gas - gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry's law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of G and G in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water. pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, and buffer solutions.
Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, and balancing of redox reactions.
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.
Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p. d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.
General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties, and uses of $K_2Cr_2O_7$, and $KMnO_4$.
Inner Transition Elements
Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.
Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states
Introduction to coordination compounds. Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules - hybridization (s and p): Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.
Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.
Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
- Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.
Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. $NH_3$, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of -hydrogen. aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.
The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
1. Enthalpy of solution of $CuSO_4$
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.
Overview of JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Topics
The syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry typically covers a wide range of topics from classical chemistry to modern applications. To help you navigate through the vast JEE Main Chemistry syllabus, we have organized the topics into sections. Here are the key topics that you need to cover:
Chemical Bonding: Delves into the forces that hold atoms and molecules together, including ionic bonding, covalent bonding, metallic bonding, and van der Waals forces.
Chemical Thermodynamics: Investigates energy changes during chemical reactions, including enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy.
Chemical Equilibrium: Examines the state where forward and reverse reactions balance, including equilibrium constants, Le Chatelier's principle, and solubility equilibria.
Solutions: Focuses on the properties and behavior of homogeneous mixtures, including colligative properties, non-ideal solutions, and electrochemical cells.
Periodic Table and Chemical Families: Studies the organization of elements and their properties based on electron configurations and periodic trends.
Classification and Characteristics of Elements: Covers the classification of elements into groups and periods based on their electron configurations and chemical properties.
p-Block Elements: Examines the properties and reactions of elements in Groups 13 to 18, including their chemical bonding, oxidation states, and important compounds.
d-Block Elements: Focuses on the properties and reactions of transition metals, including their electronic configurations, variable oxidation states, and coordination complexes.
Coordination Chemistry: Covers the complex structures formed by metal ions and ligands, including nomenclature, isomerism, and bonding theories.
Metallurgy: Examines the extraction of metals from ores and their properties, including physical properties, chemical properties, and applications.
Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry: Introduces the fundamental principles and nomenclature of organic compounds, including functional groups, isomers, and stereochemistry.
Hydrocarbons: Focuses on the properties and reactions of organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen, including alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic compounds.
Organic Halides and Alcohols: Studies compounds containing halogens and alcohols, including nomenclature, physical properties, chemical reactions, and their applications.
Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acids, and Amines: Covers the properties and reactions of these important functional groups, including their nomenclature, preparation, reactions, and applications.
Biomolecules: Examines the structure and function of biological molecules, including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
Weightage of Topics in JEE Main 2024 Chemistry
Understanding the weightage of each topic in the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry syllabus is crucial for effective exam preparation. By knowing which topics carry more weight, you can allocate your study time accordingly. Here is a table displaying the weightage of each topic:
JEE Main Chemistry – Weightage of Chapters
Number of Questions
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry
Periodic table and Representative Elements
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment
Solution and Colligative Properties
General Organic Chemistry
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives
Carbohydrates, amino acid
By focusing on topics with higher weightage, you can ensure that you cover the most important areas of the syllabus and maximize your chances of scoring well in the exam.
The topics with the highest weightage are Chemical Bonding, Organic Chemistry, and Chemical Equilibrium. These topics are important for understanding the fundamental concepts of Chemistry and for solving problems in other areas of Chemistry. Other important topics include Coordination Compounds, Thermodynamics, and Chemical Kinetics. These topics are essential for understanding the motion of objects and for solving problems in mechanics.
The weightage of topics may vary slightly depending on the official syllabus released by the NTA. However, the topics listed above are the most important ones for the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry exam.
Download JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus PDF
Chemistry plays a significant role in the JEE Main exam. The syllabus covers a wide range of topics in Chemistry, including Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry. The syllabus is divided into 13 units, each of which is assigned a weightage. The total weightage of the Chemistry syllabus is 33.33%. The chapters with the highest weightage are Chemical Thermodynamics (15-20%), Chemical Bonding (10-15%), Organic Chemistry (10-15%), and Hydrocarbons (10%). Other important chapters include Atomic Structure, Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, and the Periodic Table.
You can easily access Vedantu’s JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus in PDF format for FREE. Simply navigate to the designated section for syllabus downloads, select the Chemistry syllabus, and click to download the PDF file FREE. This resource will provide aspiring candidates with a comprehensive overview of the topics and content they need to prepare for the upcoming JEE Main 2024 examination.
JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus - Best Books for Reference
Preparing for the IIT JEE Main 2024 Chemistry exam, which is the gateway to admission in prestigious institutions like NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs, requires a well-structured approach. Candidates should primarily focus on the topics outlined in the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus PDF. To aid in their preparation, referring to the right books is crucial. Here is a list of some of the best-recommended books for JEE Main 2024 Chemistry:
Name of the Book
Reasons Why This Book Stands Out as the Best Choice for JEE Main Chemistry
It covers up almost everything. It is the best book for the basic concepts and practice.
Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations
R C Mukherjee
Physical Chemistry Numericals are the best in this book.
O P Tandon
Each and every topic are well explained in this book.
Concise Inorganic Chemistry
J. D. Lee
This is the best book for the concepts of Inorganic Chemistry.
Concept of Physical Chemistry
Along with the concepts, this book provides numerous exercises to practice.
This book is excellent for extra practice exercises in physical chemistry.
Morrison & Boyd
Ideal for those seeking extra practice in organic chemistry.
Numerical Chemistry 22/e
Recommended by JEE Mains toppers, this book is one of the best resources for numerical problems.
These books cover a wide range of topics and provide in-depth explanations, practice problems, and conceptual clarity, making them valuable resources for JEE Main 2024 Chemistry preparation.
Other Important Links for JEE Main Chemistry 2024
Explore additional resources that go beyond the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus. These links provide access to valuable learning materials, practice papers, mock tests, and insights. By utilizing these resources tailored for JEE Main 2024, you can improve your preparation, overcome challenges, and set yourself up for success. Dive into a world of learning opportunities designed to empower your journey towards achieving your goals in the upcoming exam.
In this comprehensive guide, we have highlighted the importance of knowing the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus and its weightage for aspiring engineering students. By staying updated with the syllabus and understanding the weightage of each topic, you can effectively prioritize your study efforts and increase your chances of success in the exam. We encourage you to download the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry syllabus PDF and start your exam preparation with confidence.
FAQs on JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024 (Released)
1. What is the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus for 2024?
The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus for 2024 covers a broad range of topics in physical, inorganic, and organic chemistry. The syllabus is designed to assess the candidate's understanding of fundamental concepts and their ability to apply them to solve problems.
2. Where can I download the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus PDF?
You can download the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus PDF from the official website of the conducting authority. We provide a direct link to the PDF on Vedantu’s page for your convenience.
3. Why is it important to know the weightage of topics in the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus?
Knowing the weightage of topics in the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus helps you prioritize your study time and focus on the most important areas. This can significantly improve your chances of scoring well in the exam.
4. Can I find the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry Syllabus on this page as well?
The JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is subject to change from year to year. The syllabus for the 2023 exam is no longer relevant for the 2024 exam. So, Vedantu provides access to the JEE Main 2024 Maths Syllabus. It can be helpful for reference and comparison.
5. How do I prepare effectively using the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus?
Here are some tips for preparing effectively using the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus:
Create a study plan: Break down the syllabus into manageable chunks and create a study plan that you can follow consistently.
Focus on Understanding the Concepts: Don't just memorize facts and formulas. Try to understand the underlying concepts so that you can apply them to solve problems.
Practice Solving Problems: Regular practice is essential for improving your problem-solving skills. There are many practice problems available online and in textbooks.
Take Mock Tests: Mock tests help you assess your preparation and identify areas where you need to focus more.
6. Is the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus subject to change?
Yes, the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus is subject to change from year to year. The National Testing Agency (NTA) is responsible for updating the syllabus, and they released the new syllabus of the year JEE Main 2024.
7. Can I request updates or notifications about changes to the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus?
You can subscribe to our Vedantu website for updates and notifications about any changes in the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus or other related information.
You can request updates or notifications about changes to the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus by subscribing to the NTA's email list.
8. Is there any specific exam strategy based on the syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry?
Here are some tips for developing a specific exam strategy based on the syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry:
Manage your time effectively: The JEE Main exam is time-constrained, so it is important to manage your time effectively. Practice solving problems under timed conditions to improve your time management skills.
Answer easy questions first: Don't get bogged down on difficult questions. Answer the easy questions first to maximize your score.
Mark difficult questions: If you find a question too difficult, mark it and move on. You can come back to it later if you have time.
Use diagrams and graphs: Diagrams and graphs can help you visualize concepts and solve problems more easily.
Check your work: Before you submit your answer sheet, take a few minutes to check your work for careless mistakes.