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JEE Main - Gravitation Notes (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 02nd Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Study Smart With JEE Main - Gravitation and Important Topics

Get ready for your JEE Main exam by getting hold of important Gravitation Notes. Our expert teachers create these notes to make tough concepts easy, highlight important stuff, and cover important topics. You can get them for FREE from our website. These notes give you all the important info you need more simply, helping you study better. You'll understand the subjects well and be well-prepared for the exam after reviewing these notes. Use these helpful resources to do great in JEE Main.


JEE Main Revision Notes


Text, Images, Videos and PDF


JEE Main

Chapter Name:


Academic Session:



English Medium



Available Material:

Chapter-wise Notes with PDF

The chapter Gravitation discusses Newton's law of universal gravitation, gravitational field and potential, escape velocity, orbital motion, Kepler's laws, and geostationary satellites, which are some of the key topics for the JEE Main exams. Looking at the old JEE Main question papers, you'll see a minimum of 1 question was from this chapter.  Take a look at the table for more details.

Year Wise Weightage of Questions: JEE Main Gravitation

Sl. No.


Average No. Of Questions Asked

Marks per Question

Total Marks





















Take advantage of the opportunity to boost your preparation with our Gravitation Notes. These notes cover the entire JEE Main Physics Syllabus; you can download them for FREE.

Competitive Exams after 12th Science

Top Concepts to Study in Gravitation for JEE Main 2024

Here, you will look at the main topics you should review in Gravitation. These crucial topics can truly improve your preparation. Good at them will give you a big advantage in the upcoming test. So, let's discuss the essential topics to consider for success in JEE Main 2024.

  • Universal Law of Gravitation

  • Gravitational Potential Energy

  • Escape Velocity

  • Orbital Motion

  • Satellites and Kepler's Laws

  • Gravitational Potential

  • Gravitational Field

  • Gravitational and Inertial Mass

  • Weightlessness

  • Planetary Motion and Satellite Motion

  • Tidal Forces

  • Gravitational Potential and Potential Energy


Physics Notes for JEE Main 2024 Chapters: Links Available

Make your JEE Main Physics studying for 2024 even better using our notes organized by chapter. Find the links in the table below for easy access.

Why Gravitation Notes are Important In JEE Main Preparation? 

Gravitation involves understanding the fundamental principles governing the attraction between masses. It holds a significant importance of about 4 - 5% in the JEE Main. Expect direct questions from this part, making it a scoring section. Let's explore why this chapter holds such importance:

Unveiling the Mysteries of Gravitation: Your Passport to Understanding the Cosmos!

Imagine a force so powerful, it shapes the movements of planets, holds galaxies together, and keeps us grounded on Earth. Enter the mesmerizing world of the Gravitation chapter, where you'll unravel the enigma of gravity that governs the cosmos and our everyday lives.

Embark on a Celestial Journey:

Embarking on this chapter is like launching into a journey through the cosmos. You'll explore the captivating force of gravity, learning how it binds celestial bodies and guides their orbits. From the Moon's dance around Earth to the elegance of Kepler's laws, you'll discover the harmony of the universe.

Defying Gravity, the Earth's Way:

Ever wondered why objects fall back to the ground when tossed in the air? Dive into the heart of gravitational acceleration! Through interactive examples, we'll help you understand how objects experience this pull towards Earth and how the mighty equations behind it simplify the complex dance of motion.

Gravitational Potpourri:

Let's unravel the mysterious tides caused by the gravitational tug-of-war between Earth, the Moon, and the Sun. You'll learn about tidal bulges and their captivating effects on our oceans – a cosmic spectacle right here on Earth!

Einstein's Twist: General Relativity:

Hold tight for a mind-bending adventure! We'll introduce you to Einstein's revolutionary theory of General Relativity. It unveils gravity as the curvature of spacetime itself – a concept that will reshape your perception of the universe.

Challenge the Cosmos: Interactive Quizzes

Don't just read – engage! Test your newfound knowledge with interactive quizzes that'll make you think and apply concepts. From calculating gravitational forces to predicting planetary motion, these quizzes transform learning into an exhilarating cosmic challenge.

Beyond the Classroom

Gravitation isn't confined to textbooks; it's part of life's grand theater. Imagine walking on another planet, understanding satellite orbits, and marveling at the beauty of celestial phenomena. Gravitation is your key to unlocking these celestial wonders!

The Gravitational Playground Awaits!

Welcome to the world of Gravitation – where the cosmos beckons with its gravitational tales. Whether you're gazing at the stars or simply tossing a ball, remember that the invisible force of gravity is always at play, connecting us to the universe in ways beyond imagination.

Power of Equations: How Formulas Amplify Revision Note Learning

Equations aren't just symbols; they're your key to solving problems in Physics. By grasping formulas, you'll tackle complex concepts effortlessly and boost your confidence. Dive into the world of equations along with JEE Main Physics Revision Notes and amplify your study sessions. Explore our Physics formula pages to start your preparation journey for JEE Main today!

Below are some of the important formulas of Gravitation:




Newton's Law of Gravitation

$F = G \cdot \frac{{m_1 \cdot m_2}}{{r^2}}$

Gravitational Potential Energy

$U = -\frac{{G \cdot m_1 \cdot m_2}}{{r}}$

Escape Velocity

$v_e = \sqrt{\frac{{2 \cdot G \cdot M}}{{r}}}$

Download Vedantu's JEE Main Physics Formulas for FREE. Blend it with JEE Main Notes, and you'll notice positive score changes.

Explore Further: Supplementary Resources for JEE Main 2024 Gravitation

Looking to enhance your JEE Main 2024 Gravitation preparation? Explore these Important materials:

  • Practice Papers: Enhance your abilities through focused practice.

  • Mock tests: Replicate exam scenarios for increased confidence.

  • Sample Papers: Get acquainted with question formats.

  • Previous Year Question Papers (PYQPs): Understand exam patterns.

Use these tools to improve comprehension and test-taking skills, boosting your JEE Main 2024 performance!

Access the supplementary resources for JEE Main 2024 here:

Get Ahead in Your Exams with Vedantu’s JEE Main Notes

In your journey towards exam success, Vedantu's Gravitation JEE Main Notes are your trusted companion. Our unique approach, combining expert guidance and student-friendly resources, sets us apart. With comprehensive revision notes at your fingertips, complex concepts become clear and preparation becomes more efficient. What's more, these valuable resources are available to you as FREE PDFs—Trust Vedantu to help you stride confidently towards acing your exams. Elevate your learning experience, simplify your studies, and embrace excellence with Vedantu.

FAQs on JEE Main - Gravitation Notes (Free PDF Download)

1. What are the most important topics included in Gravitation Notes for JEE Main 2024?

The most important topics in Gravitation notes for JEE Main 2024 include Newton's law of universal gravitation, gravitational field and potential, escape velocity, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, satellite motion, acceleration due to gravity, and variation of 'g' with altitude and depth.

2. What is the weightage of Gravitation Notes for JEE Main 2024?

The weightage of the Gravitation chapter in JEE Main 2024 is around 4-6%. This means that there are typically 1-2 questions asked from this chapter.

3. Which is the easiest topic of JEE Main 2024 Gravitation Notes?

The concept of "Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion" is often considered one of the easier topics in JEE Main Gravitation notes. These laws describe the motion of planets around the Sun and involve simple relationships between orbital parameters, making them relatively straightforward to understand and apply.

4. What is the Gravitation in the context of JEE Main 2024?

In the context of JEE Main, Gravitation refers to a fundamental topic in physics that explores the force of attraction between masses in the universe, as described by Newton's law of universal gravitation. This concept is crucial for understanding celestial motion and plays a significant role in the physics section of the JEE Main exam.

5. How can I apply the Gravitation to solve JEE Main problems?

To apply gravitation concepts to solve JEE Main problems, understand Newton's law of universal gravitation, analyze forces acting on objects, and use relevant equations like 

$F=\dfrac{Gm_1m_2}{r^2}$. Practice with various scenarios involving orbits, satellites, and free-fall to enhance problem-solving skills in gravitational physics for the JEE Main exam.

6. Are there any common mistakes students make in Gravitation problems?

Common mistakes students make in Gravitation problems include forgetting to account for units, mixing up the formulas for force and acceleration due to gravity, neglecting to use the correct signs for vectors, and miscalculating distances. Additionally, misunderstanding the concept of inverse-square law and applying incorrect formulas for different scenarios can also lead to errors.

7. Are there any online resources for additional practice with the Gravitation for JEE Main 2024?

Vedantu websites offer practice problems, quizzes, and video tutorials on the Gravitation.  These resources can help reinforce your understanding and problem-solving abilities.

8. How can I make my own JEE Main Laws of Motion notes?

Here are some tips on how to make your own JEE Main Laws of Motion notes:

  • Start by reading your textbook or a good online resource on the Laws of Motion.

  • Take notes on the important concepts and formulas.

  • Organize your notes in a way that makes sense to you.

  • Add diagrams and illustrations to help you understand the concepts.

  • Practice solving problems from your notes.