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JEE Main - Current Electricity Notes (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 29th May 2024
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Score High in JEE Main 2024: Current Electricity Notes With Important Topics

Vedantu is providing JEE Main Current Electricity Notes with Important Topics to score high in JEE Main 2024. Expert Vedantu master Teachers prepare these JEE Main Notes to empower your journey toward success. You can easily download the FREE PDF of these Notes from Vedantu’s website. The main features of JEE Main notes are simplified concepts and compact notes on important topics and theories.


JEE Main Revision Notes


Text, Images, Videos and PDF


JEE Main

Chapter Name:

Current Electricity

Academic Session:



English Medium



Available Material:

Chapter-wise Notes with PDF

The  Current Electricity chapter covers the flow of electric charge in conductors, addressing key concepts like Ohm's law, resistors, circuits, and electrical measurements. This is a crucial chapter for JEE Main Exams, and you can expect at least 3 questions from it. Check out how many questions were asked from the Current Electricity chapter in the last five years of JEE Main exams.

Year Wise Weightage of Questions: JEE Main Current Electricity

Sl. No.


Average No. of Questions Asked

Marks per Question

Total Marks





















Take advantage of the opportunity to boost your preparation with our Current Electricity Notes. These notes cover the entire JEE Main Physics syllabus; you can download them for FREE.

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Important Topics from Current Electricity JEE Main 2024

Below are some important topics students must consider while studying the Current Electricity chapter. These topics are picked from the previous year’s JEE Main exams. Hence, before downloading the Revision notes, you can go through the list of important topics in this chapter:

  • Electric Current and Drift Velocity

  • Ohm's Law and Resistance

  • Kirchhoff's Laws

  • Series and Parallel Circuits

  • Electrical Power and Energy

  • Electromotive Force (EMF) and Internal Resistance

  • Cells, Batteries, and Capacitors

  • Combination of Cells

  • Electrical Measurements

  • Kirchhoff's Laws and Complex Circuits

  • Potentiometer

  • Heating Effect of Electric Current

  • Superposition Theorem

  • Current-Voltage Characteristics

  • Temperature Dependence of Resistivity

JEE Main Physics Notes: Chapter-wise links 2024

Download for Free and Learn JEE Main Physics Chapter-wise Notes. Get the links from the table below:

Learn With Current Electricity Notes and Score High in JEE Main 2024

Current Electricity is the field of current electricity is its ability to flow continuously through conductors, driven by an electric potential difference (voltage). The weightage of Current Electricity in JEE Main is around 4.8%, and students can also expect direct questions from this section which makes it one of the scoring topics.

The Electrifying World of Current Electricity – a chapter that sheds light on the movement of charges and unlocks the secrets of circuits. Get ready to unravel the mysteries behind switches, resistors, and Ohm's law, all while charging up your understanding for JEE Main 2024!

Powering Up Concepts:

Imagine charges as tiny travelers, navigating through conductors-like roads. Current Electricity delves into this fascinating journey, explaining how charges flow through wires, influencing everything from bulbs to complex circuits.

Spark of Basics:

Current, voltage, and resistance – the trifecta of electrical understanding! Current (I) is the flow of charges, voltage (V) is the driving force, and resistance (R) opposes the flow. Together, they create the captivating dance of electrons.

Ohm's Marvelous Law:

Ohm's Law is your trusty compass in this journey. It states that the current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the voltage across it and inversely proportional to its resistance. I = V/R. As simple as pie!

Resistor Riddle:

Resistors are the traffic signals of electricity. They regulate the flow of charges, adjusting the current's speed. From simple series circuits to complex parallel setups, understanding resistors is like being a conductor of a symphony.

Bright Ideas with Circuits:

Circuits are the playgrounds of electricity. Series circuits make charges flow in a single path, while parallel circuits offer multiple routes. You'll soon decipher the art of calculating total resistance, current splits, and voltage drops.

Connecting in Parallel:

Parallel circuits are like teamwork – each component has its unique role. Explore how parallel circuits balance the load, ensuring that even if one bulb goes out, others shine bright.

Measuring Voltage and Current:

Meet your tools – voltmeters and ammeters. Voltmeters measure voltage across components, while ammeters quantify current flow. These gadgets will be your allies in navigating the circuit labyrinth.

Cracking Kirchhoff's Code:

Kirchhoff's laws – they're like detectives investigating junctions and loops. Kirchhoff's Current Law ensures that the incoming and outgoing currents at a junction balance. Meanwhile, Kirchhoff's Voltage Law ensures the loop voltages add up to zero.

Electrical Energy Marvel:

Electricity isn't just about switches and circuits; it's about energy conversion. Witness the transformation of electrical energy into light, heat, and mechanical work. It's a spectacle of physics in action!

Revving Up for JEE Main 2024:

As you journey through Current Electricity, think of it as an adventure into a realm of charges and circuits. Embrace the interactive challenges, experiment with calculations, and let your curiosity spark brighter insights.

Power of Equations: How Formulas Amplify Revision Note Learning

Equations aren't just symbols; they're your key to solving problems in Physics. By grasping formulas, you'll tackle complex concepts effortlessly and boost your confidence. Dive into the world of equations along with JEE Main Physics Revision notes and amplify your study sessions. Explore our Physics formula pages to start your preparation journey of JEE Main today!

Below are some of the important formulas of Current Electricity:


Current Electricity


Ohm's Law

$V = I \cdot R$

Resistance in terms of resistivity, length, and cross-sectional area

$R = \frac{\rho \cdot L}{A}$

Power dissipated in a resistor

$P = I^2 \cdot R$

$P = \frac{V^2}{R}$

$P = I \cdot V$


Ohm's Law in terms of power

$P = I \cdot V$


Combining resistors in series

$R_{\text{total}} = R_1 + R_2 + \ldots$


Combining resistors in parallel

$\frac{1}{R_{\text{total}}} = \frac{1}{R_1} + \frac{1}{R_2} + \ldots$


Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL)

$\sum V_{\text{in loop}} = \sum V_{\text{in loop}}$


Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL)

$\sum I_{\text{in node}} = \sum I_{\text{out of node}}$


Relation between current and charge

$I = \frac{\Delta Q}{\Delta t}$



$Q = C \cdot V$


Time constant for an RC circuit

$\tau = R \cdot C$

Explore our Physics formula pages to start your preparation journey of JEE Main today!

Other Important Links for JEE Main 2024 Current Electricity 

Discover the links of extra resources beyond JEE Main 2024 Current Electricity notes. Check out other important links that open doors to learning, practice papers, mock tests, and insights. Boost your readiness, conquer challenges, and embrace success by using these resources made just for JEE Main 2024.

Here are the links for the additional resources of JEE Main 2024:

Enhance Your Results with Vedantu’s JEE Main Notes

As you work hard to do well in JEE Main 2023-24, think of Current Electricity Notes as your helpful friend. They simplify hard things, show what's important, and let you practice, which improves your study. Vedantu's JEE Main notes help you, and you'll understand things, solve problems without fear, and do well in the exam. Get the Current Electricity Revision Notes for FREE to get better and succeed in JEE Main 2024.

FAQs on JEE Main - Current Electricity Notes (Free PDF Download)

1. What are the most important topics included in Current Electricity Notes for JEE Main 2024?

The following crucial subjects are covered in the Current Electricity Notes for JEE Main 2024:

  • Electric Current and Resistance

  • Ohm's Law and V-I Characteristics

  • Electrical Circuits

  • Electromotive Force (EMF) and Internal Resistance

  • Combination of Cells

  • Heating Effect of Current

  • Thermal and Chemical Effects of Electric Current

  • Electric Cell and Batteries

  • Potentiometer

  • Resistivity and Conductivity

  • Temperature Dependence of Resistance

2. What is the weightage of Current Electricity Notes for JEE Main 2024?

The weightage of the Current Electricity chapter in JEE Main 2024 is around 10-12%. This means that there are typically 2-3 questions asked from this chapter.

3. Which is the easiest topic of JEE Main 2024 Current Electricity Notes?

Determining the "easiest" topic can vary based on individual understanding and preferences. However, for many students, introductory concepts in Current Electricity, such as Ohm's Law, resistance, and simple circuits, might be considered relatively straightforward. It's essential to review the topics that you find comfortable and build a strong foundation for more complex concepts.

4. What are the Current Electricity in the context of JEE Main 2024?

As of my last update in September 2021, I don't have information on specific topics covered in exams after that date, including JEE Main 2024. However, "Current Electricity" generally refers to the study of electric currents and their behavior in conductors. It's an essential topic in physics and likely remains relevant in the JEE Main exam, involving concepts such as Ohm's law, resistors, and circuits. Please refer to the latest syllabus or study materials for accurate and up-to-date information on the topic.

5. How can I apply the Current Electricity to solve JEE Main problems?

To solve JEE Main problems related to Current Electricity, follow these steps:

  • Understand concepts: Grasp Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's laws, and resistor combinations.

  • Practice problems: Solve various circuit scenarios to reinforce concepts.

  • Focus on theory: Master fundamental principles and formulas.

  • Analyze options: Apply reasoning to eliminate incorrect answers.

  • Mock tests: Simulate exam conditions for time management.

6. Are there any common mistakes students make in Current Electricity problems?

Common mistakes students make in Current Electricity problems include misinterpreting circuit diagrams, miscalculating resistance in complex circuits, misunderstanding Kirchhoff's laws, and confusing series and parallel connections. They might also forget to convert units, neglect internal resistance in batteries, or ignore the effect of temperature on resistivity.

7. Are JEE Main 2024 Current Electricity  Notes recommended for last-minute revision?

Yes, JEE Main 2024 Current Electricity Notes are highly recommended for last-minute revision. These notes condense essential concepts, formulas, and key points, making them ideal for quick recaps before the exam. They help reinforce your memory, summarize crucial topics, and provide a swift overview of the Current Electricity chapter, ensuring you're well-prepared for the exam.

8. What are the expected difficulty level of JEE Main Current Electricity questions?

The difficulty level of JEE Main Current Electricity questions can vary from moderate to challenging. They often involve concepts like Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's laws, circuits with multiple elements, and complex calculations. Expect questions to test problem-solving skills, conceptual understanding, and application of formulas in various scenarios.