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JEE Main - Oscillations and Waves Notes (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Score High in JEE Main 2025: Oscillations and Waves Notes With Important Topics

Vedantu is providing JEE Main Oscillations and Waves Notes with Important Topics to score high in JEE Main 2025. Expert Vedantu master Teachers prepare these JEE Main Notes to empower your journey toward success. You can easily download the FREE PDF of these Notes from Vedantu’s website. The main features of JEE Main notes are simplified concepts and compact notes on important topics and theories.


JEE Main Revision Notes


Text, Images, Videos and PDF


JEE Main

Chapter Name:

Oscillations and Waves

Academic Session:



English Medium



Available Material:

Chapter-wise Notes with PDF

The  Oscillations and Waves chapter covers the behavior of systems that exhibit periodic motion or wave-like behavior. This is one of the important chapters for JEE Main Exams, and you can expect a minimum of 1 - 2 questions from this chapter. Have a look at the number of questions asked from the Oscillations and Waves chapter in the past five years of the JEE Main exam.

Year Wise Weightage of Questions: JEE Main Oscillations and Waves

Sl. No.


Average No. of Questions Asked

Marks per Question

Total Marks





















Take the chance to elevate your preparation with our Oscillations and Waves Notes. It covers the whole JEE Main Physics Syllabus and you can download for FREE.

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Important Topics from Oscillations and Waves JEE Main 2025

Below are some important topics students must consider while studying the Oscillations and Waves chapter. These topics are picked from the previous year’s JEE Main exams. Hence, before downloading the Revision notes, you can go through the list of important topics in this chapter:

  • Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)

  • Damped and Forced Oscillations

  • Waves

  • Sound Waves

  • Wave Optics

  • Electromagnetic Waves

  • Polarization

  • Sound and Light Intensity

  • Resonance Tubes and Pipes

  • Wavefront and Rays

  • Wave Motion in Strings

  • Vibrations of Air Columns

JEE Main Physics Notes: Chapter-wise links 2025

Download for Free and Learn JEE Main Physics Chapter-wise Notes. Get the links from the table below:

Why Notes of Oscillations and Waves Important for JEE Main 2025?

Rhythmic Universe:

Imagine the world as a grand orchestra where everything vibrates and sways to its own tune. This chapter introduces you to the mesmerizing world of oscillations and waves, where energy dances in captivating patterns.

Waves: Nature's Messengers:

Waves are like messengers, carrying energy through space and time. Whether it's the gentle lapping of water, the soothing sound of music, or the invisible signals connecting devices, waves are everywhere.

Oscillations: Motion in Harmony:

Oscillations are like the heartbeat of the universe. Objects move back and forth around their equilibrium positions, creating a symphony of motion. Think of a pendulum's soothing sway or the vibration of a guitar string.

Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM): The Cosmic Dance:

SHM is the superstar of oscillations. It's like watching a cosmic dance, where objects move with predictable patterns. It's the graceful motion of a swinging pendulum, a bouncing spring, or a vibrating tuning fork.

Types of Waves: Surfers of Energy:

Waves come in many flavors. Meet the transverse waves that wiggle like a snake and the longitudinal waves that compress and expand like a spring. These waves transport energy, whether it's light, sound, or even earthquakes.

Wave Propagation: Ripple Effect:

Waves ripple outwards, carrying energy from one place to another. Ever tossed a pebble into a pond? The ripples spread out, just like waves moving through air, water, or even solid materials.

Reflection and Refraction: Bouncing and Bending:

Waves love to play games of bouncing and bending. Watch how a mirror reflects light, or how a straw in a glass of water appears bent. These interactions reveal the playful nature of waves.

Sound Waves: Symphony of Vibrations:

Sound waves are your ticket to the world of music and communication. Discover how vibrations in the air create sound, from the sweet melody of a songbird to the booming thunder of a storm.

Electromagnetic Waves: Light's Magical Journey:

Ever wondered how we see the world around us? Enter electromagnetic waves, including visible light. They zip through space, revealing the colorful spectrum and allowing us to experience the beauty of our surroundings.

Applications in Technology: Riding the Wave:

Oscillations and waves power much of our technology. From radio waves that bring news to your phone, to medical ultrasounds that peer inside your body, these concepts are at the heart of modern innovation.

Dive into the vibrant world of oscillations and waves! Imagine the beauty of synchronized motion, the magic of sound and light, and the countless ways in which these concepts shape our understanding of the universe. Get ready to ride the waves of energy and explore the symphony of oscillations on your JEE Main journey.

Formula-Memory Connection: Strengthening Knowledge with Revision Notes

Equations are more than just symbols –They're your secret code to solve problems in Physics. When you understand formulas, you can easily handle tricky ideas and feel more sure of yourself.  Use the equation with JEE Main Physics Revision notes to improve studying. Check out our JEE Main Physics formula pages and begin your journey to prepare for JEE Main now!

Other Important Links for JEE Main 2025 Oscillations and Waves 

Discover the links of extra resources beyond JEE Main 2025 Oscillations and Waves notes. Check out other important links that open doors to learning, practice papers, mock tests, and insights. Boost your readiness, conquer challenges, and embrace success by using these resources made just for JEE Main 2025.

Here are the links for the additional resources of JEE Main 2025:

Enhance Your Results with Vedantu’s JEE Main Notes

As you work hard to do well in JEE Main 2025, think of Oscillations and Waves Notes as your helpful friend. They simplify hard things, show what's important, and let you practice, which improves your study. Vedantu's JEE Main notes help you, and you'll understand things, solve problems without fear, and do well in the exam. Get the Oscillations and Waves Revision Notes for FREE to get better and succeed in JEE Main 2025.

FAQs on JEE Main - Oscillations and Waves Notes (Free PDF Download)

1. What are the most important topics included in Oscillations and Waves Notes for JEE Main 2025?

The following crucial subjects are covered in the Oscillations and Waves Notes for JEE Main 2025:

  • Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)

  • Damped and Forced Oscillations

  • Resonance

  • Wave Basics

  • Wave Equation

  • Sound Waves

  • Superposition Principle

  • Interference

  • Beats

  • Stationary Waves (Standing Waves)

  • String and Air Column Resonance

  • Polarization

  • Wave Optics

  • Huygens' Principle

  • Polarization of Light

2. What is the weightage of Oscillations and Waves Notes for JEE Main 2025?

The weightage of the Oscillations and Waves chapter in JEE Main 2025 is around 7%. This means that there are typically 1-2 questions asked from this chapter.

3. Which is the easiest topic of JEE Main 2025 Oscillations and Waves Notes?

The concept of simple harmonic motion is often considered one of the easiest topics in JEE Main's Oscillations and Waves section. It involves the study of periodic motion, equilibrium positions, and characteristics of oscillatory systems. Understanding concepts like amplitude, frequency, and phase can simplify this topic for students.

4. What are the Oscillations and Waves in the context of JEE Main 2025?

In the context of JEE Main, oscillations and waves refer to fundamental concepts in physics. Oscillations involve repetitive back-and-forth motions around an equilibrium point, such as a pendulum's swing. Waves are disturbances that propagate through a medium or space, carrying energy without overall motion transfer. Understanding these concepts is crucial for JEE Main physics preparation.

5. How can I apply the Oscillations and Waves to solve JEE Main problems?

To solve JEE Main problems related to Oscillations and Waves, grasp key concepts like harmonic motion, wave propagation, and energy conservation. Practice problems of varying complexity, focusing on resonance, interference, and superposition. Understand formulas and equations to analyze and solve problems accurately. Reviewing theory and practicing consistently will enhance your problem-solving skills.

6. Are there any common mistakes students make in Oscillations and Waves problems?

Common mistakes in Oscillations and Wave problems include confusing amplitude with frequency, neglecting damping effects, misinterpreting phase angles, and incorrectly applying formulas for wave velocity. Students also sometimes overlook the distinction between longitudinal and transverse waves, leading to errors in problem-solving and conceptual understanding.

6. What are the expected difficulty level of JEE Main Oscillations and Waves questions?

The difficulty level of JEE Main questions related to Oscillations and Waves can vary. Generally, questions range from moderate to challenging. They assess students' understanding of concepts like simple harmonic motion, wave properties, and sound. The difficulty depends on the specific problem-solving skills required, making some questions accessible while others demand deeper comprehension and problem-solving techniques.

7. How To learn using JEE Main 2025 Oscillations and Waves Notes?

To effectively learn using JEE Main 2025 Oscillations and Waves Notes:

  • Actively engage by underlining key points.

  • Visualize complex concepts using diagrams.

  • Summarize notes for each topic.

  • Practice problems to apply theories.

  • Understand the ‘why’ behind concepts.

  • Regularly revise to reinforce memory.

  • Associate formulas with explanations.

  • Apply concepts in real-world scenarios.

  • Practice problem-solving using examples.

  • Use mock tests to simulate exam conditions.