Terrorism poses a major threat to democracy, the rule of law, and the exercise of human rights. Counter-terrorism initiatives that are poorly applied or unnecessarily harsh may, on the other hand, be counterproductive. Although anti-terrorist operations are necessary and justified, counter-terrorism initiatives should not go beyond what is needed to preserve peace and stability, nor should they be used to weaken the rule of law and democracy in the name of saving it. Here, we have provided both long and short speech on terrorism for students of Class 1 to 12.
Today, I am here to deliver a speech on terrorism. After the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. on September 11, 2001, terrorism has taken on new meaning for most people. Terrorists killed ten times more people in three daring airliner attacks (plus a fourth that crashed when passengers forced the plane to crash land) than in any prior event in the United States, and it did so in a way that surprised nearly the entire world.
Terrorism, on the other hand, is not a modern phenomenon. Historians disagree on when the first act of terrorism took place. However, it was not until the 1790s that the French revolutionary government used the term to describe how they viewed members of the aristocracy, clergy, and those who opposed their regime.
In 2001, the US State Department published one of the most frequently quoted lists of terrorist organisations, which identified 31 such organisations. Some, like al Qaeda or the Real IRA (which split from the main IRA after the latter joined the talks that led to the Good Friday Accords of 1998), are unquestionably worthy of inclusion on such a list. Others, such as the Israeli Kach, the Palestinian Liberation Organization, and the GAM movement demanding Aceh's independence from Indonesia, are more controversial.
Terrorism's meaning reaches well beyond the death and devastation that its perpetrators inflict. As a result, if terrorists succeed in instilling fear in the general population, they will disrupt people's everyday lives, if not their political activities. Terrorism has been a major component in a variety of intractable conflicts. Furthermore, the existence of active extremist groups makes dispute resolution far more complicated.
India has been the target of several terrorist attacks, including the Mumbai Bombings in 1993, the Indian Parliament Attack in 2002, and the Delhi Bombings in 2006, the 26/11 Mumbai attack, the Uri Attack in 2016 and the Pulwama Attack in 2019. The army, Anti-Terrorism Squad or ATS, National Investigation Agency or NIA, and Research and Analysis Wing or RAW were among the responders and negotiators in these attacks.
The Intractable Conflict Knowledge Base concludes most modules with three parts about what people, governments, and third parties may do to resolve the problem at hand. It makes sense to take a somewhat different approach here, one that covers those three layers while still discussing the available alternatives through the lens of two "voices" explored by John Paul Lederach in a remarkable essay written shortly after 9/11 and widely circulated.
The first voice is that of a desire, if not a demand, for justice in the conventional sense, in which terrorists are held responsible for their actions. This desire for what can only be interpreted as revenge is not expressed by those interested in dispute resolution or peace studies. One of the truisms in the analysis of terrorism is that if an attack hits close to home, one's reaction becomes intimate, and this first voice is an inevitable part of anyone's reaction.
At best, it necessitates the use of coercive diplomacy; at worst, it necessitates the imposition of coercion, as in the post-9/11 war on terrorism.
Power alone cannot, however, put an end to terrorism, as at least some national security analysts and policymakers now agree. To do so, we must use conflict resolution techniques built over the last decade or so to resolve the root causes of terrorism, such as empathic listening, reframing, dialogue, analytical problem solving, and coalition-building, among others.
Those people's mentality forces them to commit criminal acts. Terrorism must be eradicated in order to save the lives of innocent people.
Today, I am here to deliver a speech on terrorism. Part of India's battle with terrorism and violent extremism can be traced back to the 1947 religion-based division of the subcontinent, which split it into two countries: India and Pakistan. The worst racial riots in recent history occurred on the subcontinent, which was characterised by widespread violence and acts of terrorism.
Following the partition, after a brief time of neutrality, Hari Singh, the then Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), formally acceded to India; however, Pakistan, which claims the Muslim majority region, has not acknowledged this act of accession. This territorial dispute is at the centre of the two countries' long-running conflict, with each country vehemently opposing the claims of the other.
Pakistan is also seen as perpetuating the ongoing cross-border violence and supporting terrorist activity in order to destabilise the state of J&K and other parts of the country, according to India. Terrorism and violent extremism are also manifestations of politico-religious violence, ethnic-subregional nationalism, socio-economic conditions, and identity politics, as demonstrated by the number of ongoing insurgencies in India.
Political, religious, cultural, ideological, identity-driven, linguistic, or socioeconomic grievances are the primary causes of terrorism and insurgency in India. Terrorism in India can be narrowly divided into three categories:
In J&K, there is cross-border terrorism.
Terrorism in the outskirts.
As part of the current insurgencies, there has been a lot of extreme violence and extremism.
Due to porous borders with all of its neighbours and a long coastline, India remains extremely vulnerable to international terrorists. As a result, terrorists and insurgents continue to obtain material and financial support – the key drivers of terrorism – from a range of outlets.
Terrorist attacks on India have included hijacking and blowing up planes, sabotaging railway lines, kidnapping hostages to meet political demands, suicide attacks, the assassination of two of its Prime Ministers, attacks on places of worship, transportation networks, security forces, and financial centres, communal protests followed by extreme violence, and attacks both by religious and non-religious groups.
Terrorism is one of the world's biggest problems, including mass executions and horrific acts of violence.
Terrorism is the use of terror and abuse against individuals who are not guilty of any wrongdoing.
Terrorists are individuals who commit acts of terrorism.
Terrorism is sponsored by a wide variety of social and political organisations.
Terrorism can take many forms, including religious, political, and ideological terrorism.
Terrorists are seen as warriors by those who advocate terrorism.
ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Al-Nusra Front, LeT, and other terrorist organisations are examples.
Nowadays, terrorism is mostly motivated by religious extremism, which pits one religion against another.
Terrorists commit crimes against innocent civilians in order to force their agenda on others.
Terrorists are the true enemies of humanity, as they seek to destroy human harmony and brotherhood.