Terrorism poses a major threat to democracy, the rule of law, and the exercise of human rights. Counter-terrorism initiatives that are poorly applied or unnecessarily harsh may, on the other hand, be counterproductive. Although anti-terrorist operations are necessary and justified, counter-terrorism initiatives should not go beyond what is needed to preserve peace and stability, nor should they be used to weaken the rule of law and democracy in the name of saving it. Here, we have provided both long and short speech on terrorism for students of Class 1 to 12.
Long and Short Speech on Terrorism
5 Min Speech on Terrorism
Today, I am here to deliver a speech on terrorism. After the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. on September 11, 2001, terrorism has taken on new meaning for most people. Terrorists killed ten times more people in three daring airliner attacks (plus a fourth that crashed when passengers forced the plane to crash land) than in any prior event in the United States, and it did so in a way that surprised nearly the entire world.
Terrorism, on the other hand, is not a modern phenomenon. Historians disagree on when the first act of terrorism took place. However, it was not until the 1790s that the French revolutionary government used the term to describe how they viewed members of the aristocracy, clergy, and those who opposed their regime.
In 2001, the US State Department published one of the most frequently quoted lists of terrorist organizations, which identified 31 such organizations. Some, like al Qaeda or the Real IRA (which split from the main IRA after the latter joined the talks that led to the Good Friday Accords of 1998), are unquestionably worthy of inclusion on such a list. Others, such as the Israeli Kach, the Palestinian Liberation Organization, and the GAM movement demanding Aceh's independence from Indonesia, are more controversial.
Terrorism's meaning reaches well beyond the death and devastation that its perpetrators inflict. As a result, if terrorists succeed in instilling fear in the general population, they will disrupt people's everyday lives, if not their political activities. Terrorism has been a major component in a variety of intractable conflicts. Furthermore, the existence of active extremist groups makes dispute resolution far more complicated.
India has been the target of several terrorist attacks, including the Mumbai Bombings in 1993, the Indian Parliament Attack in 2002, and the Delhi Bombings in 2006, the 26/11 Mumbai attack, the Uri Attack in 2016 and the Pulwama Attack in 2019. The army, Anti-Terrorism Squad or ATS, National Investigation Agency or NIA, and Research and Analysis Wing or RAW were among the responders and negotiators in these attacks.
The Intractable Conflict Knowledge Base concludes most modules with three parts about what people, governments, and third parties may do to resolve the problem at hand. It makes sense to take a somewhat different approach here, one that covers those three layers while still discussing the available alternatives through the lens of two "voices" explored by John Paul Lederach in a remarkable essay written shortly after 9/11 and widely circulated.
The first voice is that of a desire, if not a demand, for justice in the conventional sense, in which terrorists are held responsible for their actions. This desire for what can only be interpreted as revenge is not expressed by those interested in dispute resolution or peace studies. One of the truisms in the analysis of terrorism is that if an attack hits close to home, one's reaction becomes intimate, and this first voice is an inevitable part of anyone's reaction.
At best, it necessitates the use of coercive diplomacy; at worst, it necessitates the imposition of coercion, as in the post-9/11 war on terrorism.
Power alone cannot, however, put an end to terrorism, as at least some national security analysts and policymakers now agree. To do so, we must use conflict resolution techniques built over the last decade or so to resolve the root causes of terrorism, such as empathic listening, reframing, dialogue, analytical problem solving, and coalition-building, among others.
Those people's mentality forces them to commit criminal acts. Terrorism must be eradicated in order to save the lives of innocent people.
Short Speech on Terrorism
Today, I am here to deliver a speech on terrorism. Part of India's battle with terrorism and violent extremism can be traced back to the 1947 religion-based division of the subcontinent, which split it into two countries: India and Pakistan. The worst racial riots in recent history occurred on the subcontinent, which was characterized by widespread violence and acts of terrorism.
Following the partition, after a brief time of neutrality, Hari Singh, the then Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), formally acceded to India; however, Pakistan, which claims the Muslim majority region, has not acknowledged this act of accession. This territorial dispute is at the center of the two countries' long-running conflict, with each country vehemently opposing the claims of the other.
Pakistan is also seen as perpetuating the ongoing cross-border violence and supporting terrorist activity in order to destabilize the state of J&K and other parts of the country, according to India. Terrorism and violent extremism are also manifestations of politico-religious violence, ethnic-subregional nationalism, socio-economic conditions, and identity politics, as demonstrated by the number of ongoing insurgencies in India.
Political, religious, cultural, ideological, identity-driven, linguistic, or socioeconomic grievances are the primary causes of terrorism and insurgency in India. Terrorism in India can be narrowly divided into three categories:
In J&K, there is cross-border terrorism.
Terrorism in the outskirts.
As part of the current insurgencies, there has been a lot of extreme violence and extremism.
Due to porous borders with all of its neighbors and a long coastline, India remains extremely vulnerable to international terrorists. As a result, terrorists, and insurgents continue to obtain material and financial support – the key drivers of terrorism – from a range of outlets.
Terrorist attacks on India have included hijacking and blowing up planes, sabotaging railway lines, kidnapping hostages to meet political demands, suicide attacks, the assassination of two of its Prime Ministers, attacks on places of worship, transportation networks, security forces, and financial centers, communal protests followed by extreme violence, and attacks both by religious and non-religious groups.
10 Lines for Writing a Terrorism Speech
Terrorism is one of the world's biggest problems, including mass executions and horrific acts of violence.
Terrorism is the use of terror and abuse against individuals who are not guilty of any wrongdoing.
Terrorists are individuals who commit acts of terrorism.
Terrorism is sponsored by a wide variety of social and political organizations.
Terrorism can take many forms, including religious, political, and ideological terrorism.
Terrorists are seen as warriors by those who advocate terrorism.
ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Al-Nusra Front, LeT, and other terrorist organizations are examples.
Nowadays, terrorism is mostly motivated by religious extremism, which pits one religion against another.
Terrorists commit crimes against innocent civilians in order to force their agenda on others.
Terrorists are the true enemies of humanity, as they seek to destroy human harmony and brotherhood.
Most people do not fully understand what terrorism is and do not have a clear, concise, and complete definition. This ambiguity has been partially aided by modern media, which has termed various acts of violence as "terrorism" in order to convey a message that is often complex and confusing with the shortest amount of airtime or possible printing space. Whether it involves opposers of government or of governments themselves, organized crime organizations or ordinary criminals, mobs or rioters, psychologists or robbers alike, terrorism is commonly referred to as terrorism.
The United Nations' efforts to define the term in the 1970s and 1980s were largely unsuccessful because of differences in opinion on the use of force in the fight for national liberation and independence. Because of these differences, it is not possible to reach an agreement on the Universal Declaration of Terrorism which includes a single, all-encompassing, legally binding statement on terrorism.
Terrorism is always a crime by definition, but it can be a war strategy. There are now more than 200 different definitions of terrorism. Terrorism, on the other hand, does not have a legally binding definition in international society (including the United Nations). Terrorist activities have always been a crime. Terrorism is defined as the motives that lead to crime, whether hijacking, murder, arson, or kidnapping. Terrorism has been used as a military strategy in some lands. Terrorism is a type of war strategy that is not national, as we see it. Because no country normally encourages or engages in such practices, it is described as non-state.
Factors that Cause Terrorism
Political Influence- Revolutionary wars and atrocities, a form of organized political violence perpetrated by a non-governmental organization or party, where the origin of the terrorist theory. They choose terrorism because they do not like the current society and want to change it.
The Feature of Religion- In the 1990s, experts began to argue that a new form of religious terrorism was developing. They cite Al Qaeda, the Aum Shinrikyo (Japanese sect), and Christian identity groups as examples. Martyrdom and other religious views were considered especially dangerous. Terrorism is not “caused” by religions themselves.
Socio-Economic- Ideologies of terrorism mean that certain forms of stigma incite people to commit acts of terrorism, or that they are more open to being recruited by terrorist organizations. Poverty, illiteracy, and the lack of political freedom are just a few examples. On both sides of the debate, there is evidence to support their claims.
Comparisons of different conclusions can be confusing as they do not differentiate between individuals and communities, and do not take into account the complexity of how people feel about injustice or poverty, regardless of their economic status.
Various attempts have been made to differentiate between different types of terrorist acts. It is important to remember, too, that there are many different types of terrorist movements, and no one theory can answer them all. Not only are the policies, members, ideas, and resources of the terrorist organizations different, but they are also the political environment in which they operate. Today, acts of terrorism are largely encouraged by religions throughout the world. Terrorists who are partially or partially motivated by religious authority view violence as a divine obligation or an act of sacrament. Compared with other terrorist groups, it combines different forms of authorization and forgiveness, and these divisive factors make religious terrorism extremely dangerous to the environment.
Left-wing terrorism has a long history of violence against the ruling elite, often perpetrated by the peasantry, driven by the so-called leftist. Marx and Engels' books, on the other hand, set the record straight. All existing social and political alliances in a capitalist society, from a leftist perspective, are inherently exploitative, and radical change in violent ways is needed.
Righted organizations often aim to maintain the status quo or return to the status quo they believe should have been maintained. The views of the right-wing can sometimes include racist ideas. They can force the government to buy land or take action to protect the rights of a few ‘oppressed’ people in a neighboring country (e.g., the Nazi Party in Germany). Terrorist violence against immigrants is also included in this category.