Corruption has not only become a ubiquitous aspect of Indian politics, but has also become an increasingly important factor in Indian elections.
The important role of the Indian state in providing services and promoting economic development has always created the opportunity to use public resources for private purposes.
While government regulation of business was extended in the 1960s and corporate donations were banned in 1969, the trade of economic favours for sub-table contributions to political parties has become an increasingly prevalent political practice. . During the 1980s and 1990s, corruption became associated with occupiers at the highest levels of India's political system.
Rajiv Gandhi's government has been shaken by scandals, as has the government of PV Narasimha Rao . Politicians have become so close to corruption in the eyes of the public that a Times of India poll of 1554 adults in six metropolitan cities revealed that 98% of citizens are convinced that politicians and ministers are corrupt, 85% between them increase.
The importance of political corruption in India in the 1990s is not unique in India. Other countries have also experienced the corruption that has shaken their political systems. What is remarkable about India is the persistent anti-tenure sentiment among its constituents. Since the Indira's victory in his election of " garibi hatao " in 1971 , a single ruling party was re-elected to the central government.
In an important sense, the exception proves the rule because Congress (I) won reelection in 1984 in a large part because voters saw in Rajiv Gandhi a "Mr. Clean" who would lead a new generation of politicians in the cleansing of the political system. The anti-ownership sentiment is equally strong at the state level, where the ruling parties of all political parties in the major Indian states lost eleven of the thirteen elections to the Legislative Assembly held from 1991 to the spring of 1995.
Corruption in simple terms can be described as "an act of corruption". Corruption is defined as the use of the public service for private gain in a manner that constitutes a violation of the law or a deviation from the norms of society. The scales of corruption may be Grand, Middling or Petty and the payment of bribes may be due to the collusion between the briber and the bribe-giver, due to coercion or even anticipation.
This was the explosion of Mahatma Gandhi against rampant corruption in congressional ministries formed in 1935 in six states in 1937. Gandhi's followers, however, ignored his concerns about corruption in post-independence India, when they arrived in power.
More than sixty years of democratic rule have made people so immune to the corruption they have learned to live with the system, even though the cancerous growth of the disease may ultimately kill it. The episode of Tehelka has overloaded the political atmosphere of the country but it has hardly exposed something that was unknown to the people of this greater democratic politics.