NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter 3

VSAT 2022

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 - Mineral and Power Resources - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 is prepared by Vedantu experts to cover all the topics given in the chapter in a simplified Q&A format. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 provides the best and easy explanation for all the questions given in the exercise of this chapter. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 helps students to understand the chapter better so that they can perform their best in the exam. Vedantu is a platform that provides free NCERT Solution and other study materials for students. Maths Students who are looking for better solutions ,They can download Class 8 Maths NCERT Solutions to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. They can download and refer to these solutions for free on Vedantu.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 3- Mineral and Power Resources

1. Answer the following questions.

i. Name any three common minerals used by you every day. 

Ans: Gold, Silver and Copper are three common minerals used by us every day.

 

ii. What is an ore? Where are the ores of metallic minerals generally located?

Ans: Ores are nothing but rocks which are high in mineral content. A particular type of ore is called as such only if the mineral from it can be extracted profitably.

 

iii. Name two regions rich in natural gas resources. 

Ans: Russia and Norway are the two regions rich in natural gas resources.

 

iv. Which sources of energy would you suggest for

(a) rural areas (b) coastal areas (c) Arid regions. 

Ans: We would suggest Biogas energy for Rural areas, Hydel and Tidal energy for coastal areas and Wind  and Solar energy for arid regions

 

v. Give five ways in which you can save energy at home. 

Ans: Five ways in which we can save energy at home are:

  1. By Switching off the lights, fans and other electrical appliances when not in use.

  2. By making sure that the devices are operating efficiently.

  3. By using energy-efficient devices such as fluorescent bulbs and LEDs.

  4. By using energy efficiently while cooking.

  5. By unplugging electrical devices when not in use to prevent the leakage of energy.

2. Tick the correct answer.

i. Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic of minerals?

  1. They are created by natural processes.

  2. They have a definite chemical composition.

  3. They are inexhaustible.

  4. Their distribution is uneven.

Ans: (c) They are inexhaustible.

 

ii. Which one of the following is NOT a producer of mica?

  1. Jharkhand 

  2. Karnataka

  3. Rajasthan

  4. Andhra Pradesh

Ans: (b) Karnataka

 

iii. Which one of the following is a leading producer of copper in the world?

  1. Bolivia

  2. Ghana

  3. Chile

  4. Zimbabwe

Ans: (c) Chile

 

iv. Which one of the following practices will NOT conserve LPG in your kitchen?

  1. Soaking the dal for some time before cooking it.

  2. Cooking food in a pressure cooker.

  3. Keeping the vegetables chopped before lighting the gas for cooking.

  4. Cooking food in an open pan kept on low flame.

Ans: (d) Cooking food in an open pan kept on low flame.

 

3. Give reasons.

i. Environmental aspects must be carefully looked into before building huge dams. 

Ans: Environmental aspects must be carefully looked into before building huge dams due to the following reasons:

  • Dams can create imbalance in the earth’s equilibrium if they are quite large.

  • Deforestation may lead to environmental pollution.

  • People have been displaced to build dams.

  • Settlements require shifting causing loss of jobs and livelihood for the people.

  • Flood threats are always there near the dams.

  • Earthquake threats also remain there around dams.

  • Silting of lakes affects the fertility of soil.

ii. Most industries are concentrated around coal mines.

Ans: Coal can be used as a source of energy and power and also as a raw material in most of the industries. Hence most industries are concentrated around coal mines to save the cost of transportation of coal from the mines to the industries.

 

iii. Petroleum is referred to as “black gold”.

Ans: Petroleum is referred to as “black gold” because it is black in colour in the crude form and its derivatives are extremely valuable as petroleum itself. We use petroleum products in our day to day life such as nail paint, petrol, candle, latex, etc.

 

iv. Quarrying can become a major environmental concern.

Ans: Quarrying can become a major environmental concern due to the following reasons:

  • It can destroy the humus of soil which is needed for the growth of plants and crops.

  • It can produce a lot of noise pollution due to the use of explosives in order to break the huge chunks of rocks.

  • In the process of quarrying, a lot of dust is generated which causes air pollution and also certain occupational hazards.

  • Blasts done in the process of quarrying generate large vibrations which damage nearby buildings, dams or any other similar structure.

4. Distinguish between the following.

i. Conventional and Non-conventional sources of energy

Ans: The difference between the conventional and non-conventional sources of energy are:

 

S. No.

Conventional Sources of Energy

Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

1.

They are non-renewable sources of energy.

They are renewable sources of energy.

2.

They cause pollution to a large extent.

They cause no pollution at all.

3.

They are coal, petroleum, etc.

They are wind power, hydroelectric power, etc.

 

ii. Biogas and natural gas

Ans: The difference between biogas and natural gas are:

 

S. No.

Biogas

Natural Gas

1.

It is formed due to decay of organic matter in biogas plants.

It is formed below the earth’s surface and comes out with crude oil.

2.

It causes pollution to a large extent.

It causes lesser pollution.

3.

It is cheaper.

It is relatively expensive.

4.

It is used for domestic purposes.

It is used for all purposes.

 

iii. Ferrous and Non-ferrous minerals 

Ans: The difference between ferrous and non-ferrous minerals are:

 

S. No.

Ferrous Minerals

Non-Ferrous Minerals

1.

They contain iron.

They do not contain iron.

2.

They are cheaper to extract.

They are expensive to extract.

3.

They have a large industrial use.

They have lesser industrial use.

 

iv. Metallic and Non-metallic minerals

Ans: The difference between metallic and non-metallic minerals are:

 

S. No.

Metallic Minerals

Non-Metallic Minerals

1.

It contains metals.

It contains compounds of metals which are hard to extract

2.

It gives iron, aluminium, copper, etc.

It gives gypsum, limestone, etc.

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - Resources and Development Chapter 3 Mineral and Power Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 PDF are available easily and free on our online website and app. The material provides all the important questions which are required for exam preparation. All the questions come with the best and explained answers. NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 is the best material to prepare a student to do their best in the exam. This guide gives you a clear idea and outcome with the concepts well explained.

 

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter wise Solutions

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Books Available for

Chapter 3 - Resources And Development 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 belongs to the chapter named "Mineral And Power Resources". The chapters contain all the information related to minerals and power resources. The chapter contains, about the minerals, the ores, from where we get all the minerals, etc are covered in detail. The material NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 provides all this information in with a full explanation and concise manner.

Here is some more comprehensive information about the content of the chapter.

3.1 Answer the questions. 5 Questions

3.2 Multiple choice questions. 4 Questions

3.3 Give reasons. 4 Questions

3.4 Distinguish between the following. 4 Questions

3.5 Exercise questions.

3.5.1 Multiple choice questions. 7 Questions

3.5.2 Fill in the blanks. 11 Questions

3.5.3 True or false. 9 Questions

3.5.4 Match the following.

3.5.5 Very short answer type questions. 14 Questions 

3.5.6 Short answer type questions. 5 Questions

3.5.7 Long answer type questions. 2 Questions

 

Class 8 Social Science Chapter Wise Marks Weightage

Class 8 Social Science of chapter 3 has the highest weightage among all the chapters. In the exam, most of the questions come from this chapter since it is the most important chapter. Using NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science students can perform their best in the exams. The material is prepared with the help of the subject experts who refer the questions which are important for exam preparation.  Since time management is a necessity, you can opt for our solutions that are crisp and neat.

Why Are NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 Important?

  • NCERT Solution for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 is prepared with the help of the teacher who is the expert in the required subject.

  • The material contains all the topics of the chapter and is arranged one by one pointwise.

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 provides all the important points and its key concepts well explained.

  • The material is filled with lots of other questions and answers for practice so that students can prepare them for their best.

  • The material prepares students of all types to face the exam with confidence and does their best.


Important Topics

A few of the interesting and important topics that students will learn from this chapter include:


  • Human-made and natural resources, including the current state of these resources

  • Types of resources

  • The need for conservation of resources

  • Human-made resources


Important Points to Remember


  • At different points on the planet, the geography, climate and altitude are all varied. Due to differences in these characteristics, there is an unequal distribution of resources around the globe. Furthermore, all of these characteristics differ from one location to the next on the planet. Also, the distribution is determined by the level of development and technological advancement.

  • Conservation is the process of preserving resources for future generations. It is the ethical use and protection of important resources such as minerals, water, trees, and wildlife. The goal of resource conservation is to preserve the natural world in order to conserve the sources of resources.

  • Humans are significant as a resource because they can extract value from all other resources. They have the knowledge, talent, and technology to make the best use of nature to generate more resources. Humans become more valuable as a resource as a result of education and health.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter 3

1. What are the different ways of saving energy and their resources at home?

  • We can use solar panels to store energy-absorbing from sunlight and use that for various equipment.

  • Instead of using LPG, we can use biogas to cook food.

  • Now people use washing machine dryers for their clothes. Instead of using the dryer for clothes, one can dry the clothes in sunlight. 

  • Electricity is a major part of our life. Along with using it many people waste it by putting all the electric equipment on without any reason. One should switch it off when not in use.

2. Before building huge dams one should look carefully for environmental aspects. Give reason.

When people make dams for their use, they harm the earth in many ways. While making the dam a big place area is required and because of that many trees which are in that area are cut down. This leads to a shortage of trees and because of that environmental pollution increases. While making the dam the equilibrium in the surface area of the earth is imbalanced. A lot of people from that area need to be replaced. They are shifted to other places which make their life tough.

3. What topics can I learn from the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3?

Chapter 3 in the Class 8 Geography NCERT book is called “Resources and Development”. This chapter covers various topics that provide information about the mineral and power resources and their availability. Other topics in the chapter include discussion about the origin of different minerals and ores. The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3 will help students understand the developmental process of various resources available to humans.

4. What are the important questions in NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3?

All questions provided in the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3 should be considered important when preparing for your Social Science exam since they can appear in the question paper in any form. Focus on practicing all NCERT Solutions at least twice before your exam. You can find the important questions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3 provided by subject experts at Vedantu app or website.

5. What are the other chapters except Chapter 3 covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography?

NCERT Solutions provided by Vedantu for Class 8 Geography cover all of the latest syllabus prescribed by CBSE which includes five chapters apart from Chapter 3 chapters. Students can find NCERT Solutions for the following Class 8 Geography chapters: 

  • Chapter 1 - Resources

  • Chapter 2 - Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wild Life Resources

  • Chapter 3 - Mineral and Power Resources

  • Chapter 4 - Agriculture

  • Chapter 5 - Industries

  • Chapter 6 - Human Resources.

6. How many questions have been covered in the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3?

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3 cover a total of 17 questions. These include 5 short-answer questions, 4 Multiple Choice Questions, 4 Give Reasons, and 4 questions regarding differentiating between two terms. Students can find properly explained and precise answers for all these questions on Vedantu. You can access and download the NCERT Solutions free of cost for Class 8 Geography Chapter 3 in PDF form.

7. Is Chapter 3 of NCERT Class 8 Geography easy?

The syllabus for Class 8 Geography includes very basic topics that are easy to understand for the students. Chapter 3 - Resources and Development includes discussion about topics like the origin of various resources and its process. If students grasp the basic definitions and remember the processes, they can very easily score in this particular chapter. In case of difficulty in answering any NCERT questions, students can refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - Resources and Development Chapter-3.

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