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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Industries

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 - Industries - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 5 Resources and Development are the solutions to the NCERT questions prepared in a very systematic manner by respective subject experts at Vedantu. These solutions help students improve their scores in exams and also helpful for those students who want to prepare the chapter from scratch. Most students fear Social Studies because they find the book’s language difficult.  NCERT Solution will help them to understand the concept and avoid cramming. These NCERT Solutions explain the entire chapter to students in a manner that boosts the confidence of students. Even if a student has never read the chapter, he can go through these NCERT Solutions and can become exam ready in a few minutes of reading.

You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths and NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.


NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Resources and Development)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 5 - Industries

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 – Industries

1. What is Meant by the Term ‘Industry’?

Ans: The term 'industry' refers to a type of economic activity that involves the manufacturing of commodities (for example, the iron and steel industry, the automobile industry), the extraction of minerals (for example, the copper mining or coal mining sector), or the rendering of services (e.g., hospitality, transportation).

2. Which are the Main Factors That Influence the Location of an Industry?

Ans: The following are the primary elements that impact the location of an industry: 

(i) Accessibility of land

(ii) Sufficient water supply

(iii) Supply of raw materials

(iv) Sufficient labour supply

(v) Capital amount

(vi) Access to power and public transportation

(vii) Availability of the market 

3. Which Industry is Often Referred to As the Backbone of Modern Industry and Why?

Ans: Since nearly everything is made of iron or steel, or has been built using tools and equipment made of these metals, the iron and steel industry is regarded as the backbone of modern industry. Steel and iron are used in the materials we use on a daily basis, from safety pins to the structure in which we reside, large warships, automobiles and other important equipment are either made up of iron or steel. No industry can function without the usage of iron. 

4. Why Did the Cotton Textile Industry Rapidly Expand in Mumbai?

Ans: Mumbai's cotton textile industry grew quickly due to the city's warm, humid environment, access to a port for importing machinery, and the ready availability of proficient labour. 

5. What are the Similarities Between the Information Technology Industry in Bengaluru and California?

Ans: The information technology industry in Bengaluru and California are similar in the following ways:

(i) Good and wider network.

(ii) High-quality educational institutions.

(iii) Advanced scientific and technical centres are present.

(iv) Comfortable temperature and a healthy environment.

(v) Availability of markets

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Silicon Valley is Located in

(i) Bengaluru 

(ii) California 

(iii) Ahmedabad

Ans: (ii) Silicon Valley is located in California

2. Which One of the Following Industries is Known As the Sunrise Industry?

(i) Iron and steel industry 

(ii) Cotton textile 

(iii) Information technology

Ans: (III) Information technology is known as the sunrise industry because it is young and rapidly developing to become highly significant in the future.

3. Which One of the Following is a Natural Fibre?

(i) Nylon  

(ii) Jute 

(iii) Acrylic

Ans: (ii) Jute is a natural fibre since it is obtained from plants. 

State the Difference.

1. Agro-Based and Mineral-Based industries.

Ans: Following are the main differences between agro-based industry and mineral-based industry:

Agro-Based Industry

Mineral-Based Industry

Majorly used raw materials are plants and animal products.

Majorly used raw materials are mineral ores.

People in rural regions are involved in this economic activity. 

People in both rural and urban regions can both find work here. 

For instance: the Jute textile industry, silk industry.

For instance: The aluminium industry, copper smelting industry.

2. Public Sector and Joint Sector Industry.

Ans: Following are the main differences between the public sector and joint sector industry:

Public Sector Industry

Joint Sector Industry

The government manages and controls this industry.

The government and individuals or a group of persons jointly administer this industry.

For instance: The national thermal power corporation, Coal India. 

For instance: Tamil Nadu Fluorine & Allied Chemicals Ltd, Gujarat State Fertilizer Company

Answer the Following

1. Give Two Examples of the Following in the Space Provided:

(i) Raw Materials: _____________ and ______________

Ans: Raw Materials: Cotton and steel.

The raw material is an unprocessed resource that serves as the foundation for the production of commodities.

(ii) End Products: ______________ and ______________

Ans: End products: Shirt and safety pin.

An industry's ultimate or resultant product is referred to as an end product.

(iii) Tertiary Activities: ____________ and _____________

Ans: Tertiary Activities: Banking and transport

Tertiary activities are activities that provide services to customers.

(iv) Agro-Based Industries: ___________ and ____________

Ans: Agro-based Industries: Dairy industry and cotton textile industry.

The Agro-based industry is the one that obtains raw products from agricultural activities.

(v) Cottage Industries: _____________ and _____________

Ans: Cottage Industries: Pottery industry and basket-weaving industry.

A cottage industry is one in which the majority of the workers operate from home using their own equipment.

(vi) Co-Operatives: ______________ and _______________

Ans: Co-operatives: Anand Milk Union Limited and Sudha Dairy.

Co-operative sector industries are those which are owned and run by their members together.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - Resources and Development Chapter-5 Industries 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 - Chapter 5 SST Geography - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Geography Resources and Development Chapter 5 can be downloaded for free. Once downloaded, these solutions become all time available to the student even if the internet connectivity is not present. Students can also print these solutions if they want to study from hard copy. These NCERT Solutions Class 8 can be downloaded from our website as well as our app. These NCERT Solutions are available for all chapters of Class 8 Geography and act as a quick reference for students who want to score better in their tests or exams. Solutions are made in a very simple language that students find easy to understand.

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 5 is prepared by our subject experts in a very meticulous manner keeping all aspects in mind like the weightage, pattern, trend of exams, etc. in mind. Many students just mug up the Social Studies answers as they do not understand the language. Hence, these solutions are made in a student-friendly language so all students must refer to these NCERT Solutions for better scores.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Resources and Development Geography 

Chapter-5 Industries

In the curriculum of Class 8, Geography Chapter 5 is Industries. This chapter belongs to the Geography book Resources and Development. If you are a student of Class 8, you might be well aware of the chapter. Chapter 5 Industries is all about industries. It includes topics like what is the purpose of Industry, the reasons why we need industries, etc. Other topics are types of industries based on raw material and ownership, factors affecting the location of an industry, industrial system, industrial regions, iron and steel industries, cotton textile industries, a case study of Jamshedpur and Ahmedabad, etc. 

Our subject matter experts have prepared these NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 5 Geography in an efficient manner which not only easily explains the chapter but also makes students prepared for exams.

Class 8 Geography Resources and Development Chapter 5 Weightage

Chapter 5 Industries is a part of the Social Studies Geography curriculum. The book is Resources and Development. Many questions of the Geography section are formed from this chapter. Thus going through these NCERT Solutions will help the student to score better in their exams. From a competitive exam point of view also, this chapter is important. Whether it is a civil services exam or any olympiad, this chapter plays an important role. Thus, NCERT Solutions are a must-have for all students. 

Why are NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Important?

As you navigate through Class 8 Geography, Chapter 5 becomes a key focus, and NCERT Solutions plays a vital role for students. In this brief overview, let's discover why these solutions are crucial. They help students grasp the chapter swiftly, providing a time-efficient study resource. Not just for understanding, but these solutions contribute to effective exam strategies by offering detailed analyses, including topic weightage. Crafted in simple language, they ensure clarity for all students. This comprehensive study material becomes a versatile resource covering all aspects of the exam, making it an essential tool for overall exam preparation. Let's explore why NCERT Solutions are must-haves for Class 8 Geography. 

  1. Time-Efficient Understanding: Utilizing NCERT Solutions for Class 8 aids students in comprehending chapters swiftly, a valuable resource for efficient study.

  1. Exam Strategy Enhancement: These solutions contribute to effective exam strategies, offering detailed chapter analyses, including topic weightage, and empowering students to excel.

  1. Simplified Language: Crafted by experts in highly simplified language, these solutions enhance accessibility, ensuring clarity and understanding for all students.

  1. Comprehensive Study Material: Students consistently refer to our study material, a versatile resource covering all aspects of the exam, contributing to their overall exam preparation.


NCERT Solutions play a crucial role in Class 8 exam prep. Start by thoroughly reading the textbook chapter. After that, solve the NCERT questions for Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Industries. You can find detailed solutions on Vedantu, aligning with CBSE guidelines. Download the free NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Industries to guide your exam preparation with expert-reviewed answers.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Industries

1. What are industry and its classification based on raw materials and size?

Ans: The industry is an economic activity that either process the raw materials to provide a more beneficial processed good or is involved in providing services.

Classification of Industries

a] Based on the raw material used by the industries-

  • Agro-based industries- These industries use plant and animal-based raw materials. Ex. vegetable oil industry.

  • Mineral-based industries- These industries use the mineral ores as their raw materials. Ex railway, machinery making, etc.

  • Marine based industry- These industries use ocean-based raw materials. Ex Fish oil industry.

  • Forest-based industries- These industries utilize forest-based raw materials. Ex Pharmaceuticals.

2. What are the factors that determine the location of an industry?

Ans: Some of the factors that determine the location of an industry are-

  • Availability of land- Land is required to set up the infrastructure of the industry.

  • Availability of raw materials- Industry cannot function without the raw materials. Raw materials availability must be ensured.

  • Capital- Availability of capital is also very important to meet the expenses of running an industry.

  • Availability of water- Water is an essential factor required by all types of industries. The absence of a source of water may leave an industry unsuccessful.

  • Labour - Industries require manpower to work. The industry must be set up in places where labour is easily available.

3. How does agro-based industry differ from mineral based industry, according to Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development?

Ans: Agro-based industries use the raw materials obtained from natural sources such as plants and animals. The important raw materials used in agro-based industries include crops and the skin of animals. Examples of agro-based industries include the leather industry and the food processing industry. Mineral-based industries obtain their raw materials from mineral ores. Examples of agro-based industries include the iron and steel industry. Raw materials used in mineral-based industries include raw minerals such as raw iron. 

4. Where will I find NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development?

Ans: Students can find NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development on Vedantu. All solutions are given by expert subject teachers for easy understanding and learning. Solutions can help students to understand the concepts given in the Chapter. Students can download NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development from the official website of Vedantu or the Vedantu app free of cost. They can study for their exams from the notes as well.

5. What do you know about Cotton textile industry in Osaka, according to Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development?

Ans: Osaka is a popular textile area in japan. It became a popular centre for the cotton textile industry establishment because of its favorable geographical features. The land was available easily. Cotton requires a warm and humid climate for growth and Osaka had a warm and humid climate that helped in the growth of cotton. The river Yodo became the source of water for irrigating the cotton fields.

6. How can NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development help me in the preparation for my exams?

Ans: NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development are available on Vedantu. The NCERT Solutions can be extremely useful for the Class 8 students because all NCERT Solutions are given in simple language to help students understand the basic concepts of the chapter. Students can download the PDF from the page NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development. NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development are explained properly. Students can learn the solutions to prepare for their exams.

7. What is the importance of steel in the modern industry, according to Chapter 5 of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development?

Ans: Steel is the most important raw material used in many industries. Steel is tough and it can also be cut easily. It can also be transformed into different shapes and can be made into thin wires. Steel can be easily combined with other metals such as aluminium, copper, etc to form alloys with stronger properties. Therefore, steel is widely used in all industries and is an important material used for making daily living items.