Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 6 - Human Resources

Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
Total views: 657.3k
Views today: 11.57k
MVSAT offline centres Dec 2023

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 - Human Resources - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions provides the best and most reliable source to gather study material for Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Human Resources. Class 8 Geography Chapter 6 NCERT Solutions is a great study material bejewelled with precise key points, visual representation of community situations, and diagrams. NCERT Solutions SSt. Geography Chapter 6 is all one requires to ace their board exams. Students can lean on NCERT Solutions for Class 8th Geography for a concise summary and analysis that makes it easy to learn. These features are easily accessible. The study material is guaranteed to transform your learning skills to ace your exams.

Every NCERT solution is provided to make the study simple and interesting on Vedantu. Subjects like Science, Maths, English will become easy to study if you have access to NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science, Maths solutions and solutions of other subjects. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.


NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Resources and Development)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 6 - Human Resources

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

Access NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 – Human Resources

1. Why are People Considered As Resources?

Ans: People are considered resources because they can produce new resources with their demands and capabilities. Nature's abundance is only valuable when people discover it and put it to good use. They gain abilities and aptitudes through education, good health, and motivation, allowing them to become more proficient in overcoming obstacles and hurdles and carrying out more duties effectively. As a result, human resources are regarded as valuable and potentially valuable resources for society.

2. What are the Causes for the Uneven Distribution of Population in the World?

Ans: The world's population distribution is unequal. Some parts of the city are densely populated, while others are sparsely populated. This unequal distribution can be attributed to a number of factors:

(i) Geographical Considerations: Topography, mineral and freshwater resources, a favourable climate, and soil fertility are only a few of the factors that influence population dispersion. Indo Gangetic Plains, for example.

(ii) Social and Cultural Factors: Population density is higher in areas with better housing, education, and health care. Consider the city of Pune. People are drawn to places of religious and cultural significance, such as Varanasi and Jerusalem.

(iii) Economic Factors: Communities with more industry, transportation, and communication facilities have greater job prospects. People are drawn to these locations for the reasons stated above, such as Mumbai and Osaka.

3. The World Population Has Grown Very Rapidly. Why?

Ans: The death rate has decreased as a result of increased food supply and improved medical services, resulting in the rapid growth of the global population. Furthermore, unlike the death rate, the birth rate has stayed relatively constant. Thus the world population has grown very rapidly. 

4. Discuss the Role of Any Two Factors Influencing Population Change.

Ans: Population change is the phenomenon of determining whether the population has increased, decreased, or remained constant. Natural growth and migration are the two most important elements. The difference between the birth and death rates is the natural growth rate. The number of live births per 1000 people is the birth rate, while the number of deaths per 1000 people is the mortality rate. The natural reasons for population change are as follows:

(i)The population rises when the birth rate surpasses the death rate.

(ii)The population declines when the mortality rate exceeds the birth rate.

The population remains constant when the two rates are equal. As a result, birth and death rates have an impact on population balance. People can travel both within and between countries. Migration is another factor that influences population change. 

5. What is Meant by Population Composition?

Ans: The basic structure of the population is referred to as population composition. The number of males and females, their age groups, ethnicity, tribe, language, religion, literacy, occupation, income level, and health problems, among other things, are all determined by the population composition.

6. What are Population Pyramids? How Do They Help in Understanding the Population of a Country?

Ans: Population pyramids are a type of graphical representation used to analyze a country's population composition. It depicts the current male and female population of a country, as well as their age categories. The number of dependents and economically active individuals in the population are determined by the age-group distribution of the population.

Tick the Correct Answer

1. Which Does the Term Population Distribution Refer To?

(a)How the population in a specified area changes over time. 

(b) The number of people who die in relation to the number of people born in a specified area. 

(c) The way in which people are spread across a given area.

Ans: (c) The way in which people are spread across a given area.

It can also be defined as a pattern of where people live. 

2. Which are the Three Main Factors That Cause Population Change?

(a) Births, deaths and marriage 

(b) Births, deaths and migration 

(c) Births, deaths and life expectancy

Ans: (b) Births, deaths and migration 

Births cause an increase in population whereas deaths cause a decrease. Migration refers to the phenomenon when people move from one place to another. Thus all three cause a change in population.

3. In1999, the World Population Reached

(a) 1 billion (b) 3 billion (c) 6 billion

Ans: (c) 6 billion 

According to the United Nations, the world's human population reached 6 billion on October 12, 1999.

4. What is a Population Pyramid?

(a) A graphical presentation of the age, sex composition of a population. 

(b) When the population density of an area is so high that people live in tall buildings. (c) The pattern of population distribution in large urban areas.

Ans: (a) A graphical presentation of the age, sex composition of a population. The Population Pyramid starts from youngest at the bottom to oldest at the top.

5. Complete the Sentences Below Using Some of the Following Words.

sparsely, favourable, fallow, artificial, fertile, natural, extreme, densely

When people are attracted to an area it becomes.......................populated. Factors that influence this include ....................... climate; good supplies of ....................... resources and ....................... land.

Ans: When people are attracted to an area it becomes densely populated. Factors that influence this include favourable climate; good supplies of natural resources and fertile land. 

For example, people prefer to live in areas where there is the easy availability of freshwater. 

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter wise Solutions


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Books Available for

Topics Covered in Chapter 6 

  • Human Population

  • Distribution of Population

  • Population density

  • Factors Affecting Distribution of Population such as climate, soil, minerals, topography, water, and other social, economic, and cultural factors

  • Population Changes and the Causes of Population Changes

  • Natural growth rate, birth rate, mortality rate, and life expectancy are all factors to consider.

  • The pattern of Population Change

  • Population compositions and population pyramid

Summary of the Chapter

  • People, or humans, are a nation's most valuable resource and one of the foundations for its development. Humans are the only ones who can change, extract, or add value to other resources because of their talents and abilities. As a result, human resources are the most valuable resource.

  • Human resources, like other resources, are not dispersed uniformly over the globe. The more people a country has, the more human resources it is said to have.

  • The way people are distributed throughout the earth's surface is referred to as population distribution.

  • The world's population distribution is exceedingly unequal. Because of many variables impacting population distribution, some places are sparsely inhabited while others are heavily populated.

  • Population density refers to the number of people living in a certain region of the earth's surface.

  • India has one of the greatest population densities in the world, at 382 people per square kilometer.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - Resources and Development Chapter - 6 Human Resources

Downloading the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Human Resources soft copy available in PDF from the website and app is hassle-free. The concise analysis of the chapter provides a strong foundation of knowledge. This NCERT Solutions Class 8 Geography Chapter 6 provides answers to mastering basics and concepts of population studies by subject matter experts. Preparation for this exam has never been easier. The Chapter 6 Human Resources Class 8 NCERT Solutions are provided in a point-wise manner to guide a student of any calibre to ace their exams with flying colours.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8  Geography Chapters

Chapter 6 - Human Resources

NCERT Geography Class 8 Chapter 6 - Human Resources is a chapter of the NCERT Social Science (Geography) Resource and Development textbook and this is the primary resource for this topic. The detailed analysis and explanation of human resources in a community and its relation to population statistics provide the reader with an abundance of information. The terminology, population statistics charts, and schematics are written in simple language to establish a strong base of the topic.

Our subject matter experts have prepared these NCERT Solutions to provide in-depth knowledge for the chapter.

Class 8 Geography Chapter Wise Marks Weightage

This Class 8th Geography Chapter 6 has a weightage of 15 marks and is an important topic covered briefly in exams. Fundamental questions keep repeating in the Board exams from this subject, for which preparing from this study material makes students score better. 

Here is more detail about the contents of Chapter 6 Human Resources Class 8.

1. Distribution of Population (1 long)

2. Density of Population (1 short)

3. Factors affecting the distribution of Population (1 short, 1 long)

4. Patterns of Population Change (1 short, 1 long)

5. Population Composition (1 long)

Why are NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Geography Chapter 6 Important?

  1. Expertly Curated Content: NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 6, Human Resources, are meticulously prepared and correlated by a team of experts for easy learning.

  1. Simplified Answers: The solutions offer simplified answers, ensuring easy understanding and providing a robust foundation for smooth exam preparation.

  1. Comprehensive Composition: These solutions encompass key information, valuable points, and in-depth analysis of specific topics, enhancing overall comprehension.

  1. Visual Cues and Examples: Chapter 6 includes important points, definitions, visual cues, and examples, facilitating quick revision before exams.

  1. Systematic Overview: The material provides a systematic overview of all crucial points, aiding better understanding and effective exam preparation.


NCERT Solutions plays a crucial role in Class 8 exam prep. Start by thoroughly reading the textbook chapter. After that, solve the NCERT questions for Class 8 Social Chapter 6 - Human Resources. You can find detailed solutions on Vedantu, aligning with CBSE guidelines. Download the free NCERT Solutions for Class  8 Social Chapter 6 - Human Resources to guide your exam preparation with expert-reviewed answers.

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Books Available for

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 6 - Human Resources

1.  What are population pyramids? How do they help to understand the population of a country?

The graphical representation used to study the population of a country is known as a population pyramid or an age-sex pyramid. It correlates the number of males and females in a population-based on their age. The number of dependents and the economically active citizens present in the population is determined by age group. When a populations’ birth and death rates are high, the base of the pyramid is broad and narrows at the top. When the population of a country has low birth and death rates, the population pyramid is narrow at the base and broad at the top. This represents an inverted pyramid.

2. Why are people considered a resource?

Human beings are the dominant species existing in this world. They are the ones who form a nation and thereby the global world community. Nature’s bounty becomes significant only when it is duly accepted and utilized to its maximum capability. It is the people who can give demands and use their abilities to transform their country into a sovereign nation. Healthy, educated, and self-motivated people to develop resources as per their requirements. Humans are the primary foundation communities for their country. Therefore, for a nation, citizens (people) are the ultimate resource.

3. What are Human Resources in Geography?

People are a nation’s greatest resource. The resources of nature become significant only when people find them useful. It is people with their demands and skills that turn them into ‘resources’. Hence, human resource is the ultimate resource. The people who are healthy, educated, able and motivated contribute more towards the development of society.  

4. What are two examples of Human Resources?

Human Resources can be considered the country’s greatest resource. We are surrounded by various resources but humans are responsible to convert these resources into useful subsidiaries. There is a Ministry of Human Resource Development in India's government. This demonstrates the importance of individuals as a resource for the country. Also, the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna (PKVY) was launched in 2015 with the goal of training one crore Indian youth between 2016 and 2020. 

5. What are the factors that affect the productivity of the resources in Class 8?

Factors like the availability of resources and opportunities contribute the most to the productivity of human resources. People who are healthy, educated, and motivated acquire resources to meet their needs. Human resources, like all other resources, are not inexhaustible, they are equitably dispersed throughout the globe. They are distinct in their personalities, educational levels, age, and gender are all factors to consider. Their numbers, as well as characteristics, change over time.

6. What might be the reason for the growth of population in 1999 Class 8?

The growth of populations in 1999 was due to the fact that as a result of the improved medical facilities, growth of food supplies and enhanced standard of living, the death rate was reduced. The high birth rate combined with the low death rate resulted in a lot of population growth. 

7. What is population composition?

The age, sex, literacy level, health condition, occupation, and income level of people differ substantially. It is critical to comprehend these people's qualities. The structure of the population is referred to as population composition. The demographic composition allows us to determine how many people are males or females, what age group they belong to, how educated they are, what occupations they hold, their income levels, and their health conditions.