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JEE Advanced Physics Important Chapters

Last updated date: 17th May 2024
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The Key Topics and Chapterwise Weightage for Scoring High in JEE Advanced Physics

JEE Advanced holds immense importance in India as it serves as the gateway to prestigious institutes like IIT, IISc, ICERT, and RJIPT. Admission to top IIT colleges is based on a competitive cut-off score, with less than 1% of applicants successfully securing seats. Being aware of syllabus changes in advance is crucial for students' preparation.

The physics section in the JEE Advanced exam is typically of high difficulty. It is also a very important subject in competitive exams like JEE Advanced. This comprises a mix of numerical and concept-based questions. The questions are challenging and require a strong understanding of physics concepts.

Preparing for JEE Advanced requires a targeted approach, focusing on the chapters that are known to appear frequently and carry substantial marks. By mastering these essential topics, you can boost your chances of scoring high and securing a coveted seat in top engineering institutes.

Throughout this guide, we will provide valuable insights and tips on how to tackle each important chapter effectively, building a strong foundation of knowledge and problem-solving skills. So, let's dive in and discover the crucial chapters that will pave your way to success in JEE Advanced Physics!

The Physics Topics That Will Make or Break Your JEE Advanced Score

To achieve a high score, it's essential to concentrate on specific important chapters that have historically carried significant weightage in the exam. In this guide, we have categorised these crucial topics into easy and difficult segments based on the level of questions asked in previous years' JEE Advance papers. By focusing on these chapters, you can aim to score more than 60 marks in the Physics paper. Let's dive into the details!

The Physics Chapters That You Can't Afford to Ignore for JEE Advance

Mastering the Physics section of the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Advance can be challenging, especially when dealing with certain intricate topics. These areas demand extensive practice and dedicated preparation to excel. The exam questions are often of a high level, involving numerical complexities and the amalgamation of 2-3 concepts. Below, we outline these demanding topics that necessitate special attention:

Most Important Chapters of JEE Advanced Physics 2024


Newton's equations of motion; evenly accelerated and inertial frames of reference; static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy Power and work; Mechanical energy and linear motion are both conserved.

Particle systems; mass center and motion; impulse; elastic and inelastic collisions. Gravitational potential and field; Gravitational law; Gravitational acceleration; Planetary and satellite motion in circular orbits; escape velocity.

Uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes, a moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axis theorems, a moment of inertia of rigid bodies Momentum in an angular direction; Torque; angular momentum conservation; The dynamics of stiff bodies with a fixed rotational axis; Rings, cylinders, and spheres rolling without slipping; Equilibrium of stiff bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies

Simple harmonic motions, both linear and angular.

Young's modulus, Hooke's law

Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (without Poiseuille's equation), Stoke's law; Pressure in a fluid; Pascal's law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (except Poiseuille's equation), Stoke's law; Bernoulli's theorem and its applications, terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity

Wave motion (planar waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, wave superposition; progressive and stationary waves; string and air column vibrations; Resonance, Beats, Sound Speed in Gasses, and the Doppler Effect (in sound).

Modern physics

The nucleus of an atom; and radiations of α, β, γ; The radioactive decay law; Constant decay; Half-life and average life are terms used to describe how long something lasts. 

Calculation of binding energy; Processes of fission and fusion; In these procedures, energy is calculated. Effect of photoelectricity; The theory of hydrogen-like atoms proposed by Niels Bohr; Moseley's law, characteristic and continuous X-rays; Matter waves have a de Broglie wavelength.

Electricity and Magnetism

The law of Coulomb; Potential and electric field; In a homogeneous electrostatic field, the electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and electrical dipoles; Lines of an electric field; Electric field flux; Gauss's law and its application in simple examples like finding the field due to an infinitely long straight wire, a uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, or a uniformly charged thin spherical shell. 

Capacitance; There are two types of parallel plate capacitors: those with and without dielectrics. Series and parallel capacitors. A capacitor’s stored energy. The current of electricity; The law of Ohms; Resistances and cells are arranged in series and parallel. 

Kirchhoff's laws and their straightforward applications. 

Current’s heating effect. The laws of Biot–Savart and Ampere. Near a current-carrying straight wire, along with the axis of a circular coil, and inside a long straight solenoid; In a homogeneous magnetic field, the force on a moving charge and a current-carrying wire. 

Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, and ammeter and their conversions; Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop. Faraday's and Lenz's laws of electromagnetic induction. RC, LR, and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources; self and mutual inductance.


Light propagation along a rectilinear path; The effects of reflection and refraction on planar and spherical surfaces; A prism's deviation and dispersion of light; Total internal reflection; Lenses that are very thin; Mirrors and narrow lenses in combination; Magnification. L

ight's wave nature: Huygen's principle, with Young's double-slit experiment serving as an example of interference.

The Ultimate Guide to Studying Important Chapters for JEE Advance Physics


  • Mechanics is a crucial part of JEE Physics.

  • Recommended books: HC Verma and DC Pandey.

  • Understand derivations and the reasoning behind formulas.

  • Relate mechanics concepts to real-life applications.

  • Practice questions from coaching material.

Modern Physics:

  • Modern Physics carries significant weightage in JEE.

  • Cover all topics in Modern Physics, don't skip any.

  • Study from NCERT and HC Verma or study modules.

  • Practice questions and avoid rushing into problem-solving without mastering concepts.

  • Solve JEE previous years' questions for better preparation.

Electricity and Magnetism:

  • Use DC Pandey or Disha book for electricity and magnetism.

  • Practice questions thoroughly.

  • Solve previous years' JEE questions on electricity and magnetism with dedication.


  • Optics is divided into Geometrical and Wave optics.

  • Start with NCERT and then refer to HC Verma for Optics.

  • Solve problems from HC Verma, DC Pandey, and coaching materials.

  • Cover all topics in optics, don't leave any out.

By focusing on these important chapters and following the recommended study materials, candidates can enhance their understanding and performance in JEE Advanced Physics. Diligent practice and thorough preparation will significantly improve the chances of success in this competitive examination.

Weightage Analysis of Physics Chapters in JEE Advance Examination

Please be aware that the following topics have been listed based on their JEE Advance marks-wise weightage, using data from the previous five years. Additionally, each question in the exam carries a weight of 4 marks.


Weightage (in %)

Center of Mass & Rotational Mechanics

5 - 6

Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current

4 - 5

Modern Physics

4 - 5

Heat & Thermodynamics

3 - 4 

Waves & Sounds

3 - 4

Electrostatics & Capacitors

3 - 4


2 - 3

Current Electricity

2 - 3

Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism

2 - 3

Fluid Mechanics


2 - 3

Newton's Laws of Motion (NLM)

Units & Dimensions

2 - 3

Errors & Measurements

The Best Physics Books for JEE Advanced 2024

Books’ Name


NCERT Class 11 and 12 Textbooks


Concepts of Physics (Volume 1 and 2)


Fundamentals of Physics

Halliday, Resnick & walker

Problems in General Physics

I.E Irodov

The Top 5 Advantages of Referring to Vedantu's Physics Important Chapters for JEE Advanced

  • The JEE Advanced exam is a very competitive exam, so it is important to start preparing early. Vedantu's Important Chapters can help you get a head start by providing you with a comprehensive overview of the most important topics in physics.

  • Not all topics in physics are equally important for the JEE Main exam. Vedantu's Important Chapters will help you identify the most important topics so that you can focus your studies on them.

  • The best way to learn physics is by doing practice problems. Vedantu provides a comprehensive set of practice problems that will help you test your understanding of the concepts.

  • Mock tests are a great way to simulate the actual JEE Main exam and to identify your strengths and weaknesses.

  • Get help from a tutor. If you are struggling with a particular topic, it can be helpful to get help from a tutor. Vedantu has a team of experienced tutors who can help you understand the concepts and solve problems.

JEE Advanced Syllabus 2024 PDF Download

The table below contains the PDFs for JEE Main Syllabus with Weightage, covering Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

Being familiar with the comprehensive syllabus for JEE Advanced 2024 is crucial for formulating an effective preparation plan and acquiring valuable information about the latest exam pattern. Aspiring candidates can refer provided PDF containing significant topics from the JEE Main Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, along with their respective weightage.


Physics is a fascinating subject that can pave the way for success in JEE Main and Advanced. By focusing on building a strong conceptual foundation, honing problem-solving abilities, and applying theoretical knowledge practically, you can enhance your chances of scoring well. Remember, consistent practice and dedication are key to mastering physics and achieving your goals in the JEE exams. So, keep learning, stay motivated, and approach the subject with enthusiasm to excel in your physics journey. Good luck!

FAQs on JEE Advanced Physics Important Chapters

1. How should I prepare for Mechanics, which is considered a tough and Important topic of JEE Advanced Physics?

Mechanics is indeed crucial and can be challenging. Here are some tips for its preparation:

  • Understand the basic concepts thoroughly before moving to complex problems.

  • Practice a wide variety of numerical problems to build problem-solving skills.

  • Focus on topics like Newton's laws of motion, conservation laws, rotational mechanics, and friction.

  • Solve previous years' JEE Advanced questions related to Mechanics to get an idea of the type and level of questions asked.

2. What are the significant topics in Electromagnetism for JEE Advanced Physics?

Important topics in Electromagnetism include:

  • Electrostatics (Coulomb's law, electric field, potential, capacitance)

  • Magnetism (Magnetic field, magnetic forces, Biot-Savart law)

  • Electromagnetic Induction (Faraday's laws, Lenz's law, induced EMF)

  • Alternating Current (AC circuits, resonance, transformers)

3. How can I effectively prepare for Optics and Modern Physics which is an important topic for JEE Advanced 2024?

To prepare for Optics and Modern Physics:

  • Focus on understanding the concepts of light, reflection, refraction, and optical instruments in Optics.

  • For Modern Physics, grasp the principles of quantum mechanics, photoelectric effect, nuclear physics, and particle physics.

  • Practice numerical problems to strengthen your problem-solving skills in these topics.

4. Is Thermodynamics important for JEE Advanced 2024?

Yes, Thermodynamics is an essential topic for JEE Advanced. Make sure to cover concepts like laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer, work done, and efficiency of heat engines.

5. How much weightage do Waves and Sound usually carry in JEE Advanced Physics 2024?

Waves and Sound have been observed to have moderate importance in JEE Advanced. Focus on wave motion, superposition, sound waves, and Doppler effect.

6. What is the best way to revise these important chapters before the JEE Advanced exam?

During the revision phase:

  • Go through concise notes containing important formulas and concepts.

  • Solve as many previous years' JEE Advanced questions as possible to get acquainted with the exam pattern.

  • Take mock tests and practice papers to assess your preparation level and improve time management.

  • Remember, consistent practice and self-assessment are key to excel in JEE Advanced Physics. Stay focused and stay positive during your preparation. Good luck!