USSR Full Form

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Full Form of USSR

USSR referred to as Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (another name as the Soviet Union).

What is USSR?

The full form of USSR is the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. It was a government sovereign state that existed in the Northern area of Europe and Asia from 1922 to 1991. It was a one-party state and was controlled by the Communist party. Moscow was its capital. It had five climatic zones: Mountains, Tundra, desert, steppes and taiga. It had around of eleven time zones. The USSR came into presence after the 1917 Russian revolution was finished which had effectively removed Tsar Nicholas II. Subsequently, the USSR was additionally considered as the replacement of the Russian Empire. It appeared in Dec 1922. The nations, such as Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and other Transcaucasian Republics involves of this association. During the war era, USSR was the strongest from the US, it was first among country directed the human into space in 1961. Its was self-governed state, handled by soviet parties with Moscow as a capital in this democratic state. 

What are the Listed Country Under USSR?

Here are some listed countries below which falls under USSR as -

  • Armenia

  • Azerbaijan

  • Belarus 

  • Estonia 

  • Georgia 

  • Kazakhstan

  • Kyrgyzstan

  • Latvia 

  • Lithuania

  • Moldova

  • Russia

  • Tajikistan

  • Turkmenistan 

  • Ukraine

  • Uzbekistan       


In 1991 there were 294,000,000 individuals in the USSR, 51% of whom were ethnic Russians who communicate in the Russian language, the official language of the nation. Other languages included Ukrainian, Georgian, Kazakh, Armenian and Azerbaijani. The USSR was authentically an Atheist nation yet a large number of peoples have faith in Christianity and Muslim religions as well.

Cause of Failure of USSR: 

it’s way back around 1989 January, when George H.W. Bush didn’t follow the legacy of his ancestors Ronald Reagan, in trading with Mikhail Gorbachev and the Soviet Union. In turn, he chose to opt his own rules and policies rather going ahead with the old method. Due to his decision (Gorbachev) to lost the soviet attached to the countries of Eastern Europe emerge as a democratic momentum that led to the fall in the Berlin wall in 1989 November. Here  Bush also supported the democratic policies. 

After completion of all policy review, Bush had a meet with Gorbachev at Malta in 1989 December. Both imposed the strategy for initiating the base work in terms of discussion on rapid changes in eastern Europe. Joint leadership of the of them led to the decision of USSR turning into a democratic system completely and marketization. Gorbachev’s decision allows election with multiple party and set up a presidency system, eventually, all these affected to the Soviet Union and which made it unstable and ended up as collapsed. 

Military Brief OF USSR: 

This came into presence in October 1917, that made it bring Bolshevik to power. New formed government made an army called the RED ARMY, who fought to different enemies in the Russian civil war in the 1930s. Red Army attacked Finland; fought with Japan and its neighbour state Manchukuo; and, was conveyed when the Soviet Union, in agreement with Nazi Germany, became part in the division of Poland,  the Baltic States, Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina (from Romania). In World War II, the Red Army was the significant military power in the thrashing of Nazi Germany. After the war, it ruled many portions of Germany and numerous countries in central and eastern Europe, which became satellite states in the Soviet Union. 

The Soviet Union turned into the sole superpower opponent to the United States.  The Soviet military had the highest amount of troops and atomic weapons than some other country. The Soviet Union fell in 1991,  however financial and political variables were the major causes. 

Some Highlights on Cold War and Nuclear Weapons:

The Soviet Union tried their first nuclear bomb codenamed " First Lightning" on 29 August 1949, just four years after the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, amazed many Western analysts who had anticipated the U.S. monopoly to be long-lasting, its first bomb was an intentionally a duplicate of the U.S. " Fat Man" model. From the late 1940s, the Soviet military concentrated on adjusting to the Cold War in the period of atomic arms by gaining equality with the United States in key nuclear weapons.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Full Form of USSR? 

Ans:  USSR referred to as Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (another name as the Soviet Union).

2. What Does the Star Depicts on USSR Flag? 

Ans:  USSR flag  RED star symbolises as a communist party, and its placing over the hammer and sickle recognized its important role in communist society, to unite and illuminate countryman in the building of communism.

3. What is the Current Name Called of USSR? 

Ans: The Soviet Union, authoritatively known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was a government communist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.