GNM Full Form

GNM stands for General Nursing and Midwifery. GNM is a paramedical diploma course with a span of three and a half years. GNM emphasizes teaching nursing students the importance of the community, community health care, and midwifery. GNM course can be pursued after the completion of the 10th board followed by pre-university of two years in the science stream. The eligibility criteria also include a minimum of 50% aggregate in the 2nd year PUC in science stream. Few colleges offer their own entrance examinations to be eligible for admission in the college. 

History of Nursing:

Thomas hospital of England was the first hospital to start similar nursing schools in India. Delhi’s St. Stephen’s hospital was the first hospital to start a nursing training program for females of India in the year 1867. In the year 1871, India established its first nursing school in madras(Chennai) in a government general hospital. At that time the number of students was only 4. 


  • GNM is a course of 3 academic years followed by a 6-month internship.

  • First-year includes subjects such as Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology, Psychology, Sociology, Fundamentals of Nursing, First Aid, Personal Hygiene. 

  • Second-year includes Medical-Surgical Nursing1, ENT, Communicable diseases, Oncology, Psychiatric Nursing, Community Health Nursing, Computer Education.

  • Third-year includes Pediatric Nursing, Community Health Nursing 2, Gynaecological Nursing.

  • Along with the curriculum the candidates are also trained in computer data handling as well, enabling them to fit in their job role perfectly.


Nursing is a part of the healthcare system which focuses on maintaining and supporting the individuals, communities, families to recover from diseases and to improve their quality of life. Their approach to the patient care system is different than that of other health professionals. Like doctors, even nurses have specializations in different fields and hold authority in different levels of prescription. Nurses are an exclusive part of the healthcare system who work in collaboration with the doctors, therapists, patient health, and become communicative media between doctors and patient’s families. Some legislations allow the nurses to diagnose and give suitable treatment in emergencies. They become the coordinating media for the patient care undertaken by the health care team that includes doctors, therapists, dieticians, etc.


The education and practice of a midwife are similar to that of a nurse but they have specialization in pregnant women, newborns, and childcare. Midwives are trained to understand the normal labor process and take necessary measures and precautions in case any diversion is taking place in normal labor. They are capable enough to handle various high-risk pregnancies such as breech presentation, placenta previa, twin births, etc. They are specialized in using non-invasive methods. In many parts across the world, only a midwife can handle all the situations arising throughout the pregnancy whereas in some places the help of obstetricians is considered to avoid complications.

Careers which can be Opted after GNM Course:

Post the course of three and a half years in General Nursing and Midwifery the candidate can also choose a career as a staff nurse, nursing tutor, community health care nursing, physician attendant, ICU nurse, etc.

After the completion of the GNM course, the candidate is registered under the state nurse registration council. After this, the candidate can also pursue B.SC Nursing which is a bachelor’s degree in Nursing comprising two academic years. But in the case of distance learning programs, the duration of degree increases to 3 years. Graduation in Nursing opens a further wide career path with better job opportunities in India and abroad.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Which is Better ANM and GNM?

Ans: Graduation in Nursing (B.SC) offers a better package when compared to the diploma in Auxiliary Nurse Midwifery(ANM) and General Nursing and Midwifery(GNM). There are better educational pathways open for the graduate than compared to diploma holders.

2. What is the Qualification of the GNM Course?

Ans: GNM is a course of three and a half years which includes 3 years of academic and 6 months of internship. The eligibility criteria include compulsory 10+2 education. The age limit would be 17 years to 30 years to be eligible for this course. ANM, unlike GNM, is a course program of 18 months that can be done along with GNM or alone.