AYUSH Full Form

The full form of AYUSH stands for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy. This is basically a ministry that deals with the education, development of the Alternate System of Medicine. In 1995 with the focus to develop these systems, the department of Indian Medicines and Homeopathy (ISM&H) came into existence in the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. In 2003, this department was renamed as Department of AYUSH. The ministry of AYUSH promotes a healthy style of living and believes in the concept of prevention of diseases and follows the practice of natural healing. This is the ministry that comes under the Indian System Of Medicines.

Ayurveda:

The system of Ayurveda has its roots in the Vedic times. This system follows a completely herbal way of healing and over the course, has acquired much attention all over the globe. In Sanskrit, the word Ayurveda means ‘the science of life’. This science has existed in India for more than 5000 years. The two main Samhitas on which Ayurveda is based is Sushruta Samhita and Charaka Samhita. The Ayurveda is divided into eight components, they are: Kaya Chikitsa, KaumaraBhritya, Shalya Tantra, Shalakya Tantra, Agada Tantra, Bhuta Vidya, Rasayana Tantra, and Vajikarana Tantra.

Yoga and Naturopathy:

This is a form of alternative medicine that helps the body heal itself using the force of nature. Its main concept is using the five elements of nature which are Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Either.

Its therapies include: Acupuncture, Physiotherapy, Mud therapy, Fasting therapy, Hydrotherapy, Yoga, etc.

Unani:

Derived from the word ’Yunani’ means greek. This is a form of traditional medicine practised during the Mughal era and now even popular in many Muslim countries in South Asia. This Persian Arabic System of Medicine was taught by the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen.

Its concept is based on four elements which are: phlegm (balgham), blood (dam), yellow bile (Safra), and black bile (Sauda).

Siddha:

This system of Medicine is prevalent in South India. This concept of medicine believes in healing not only the body but also the mind and soul. The word ‘Siddha’ is derived from the Tamil word ‘Siddhi’ which means ‘perfection’. ‘Siddhars’ who mainly comes from Tamil Nadu have laid the foundation for Siddha medicine. These were the spiritual masters who were said to have spiritual powers or ‘Ashta Siddhis’. Siddha concept believes in rejuvenating dysfunctional organs which causes disease.

Homoeopathy:

Homeopathy believes in the concept that the body can cure itself. They just stimulate the healing process. Homoeopathy has its roots in Germany and developed in the late 1700s. Samuel Hahnemann is the originator of Homeopathy.

Homoeopathy believes that any element which brings symptom in a healthy individual if ingested in small doses is capable of treating the symptom of disease with similar symptoms thus by triggering the body’s natural defence system. Thus the body becomes capable of curing itself.

Vision and Objective of AYUSH:

  1. To provide cost-effective medical care across the country and better access to services to the people.

  2. To improve the educational institutions which provide AYUSH education.

  3. To improve quality standards of the drug making and proper supply of the medicines.

  4. To make AYUSH a prominent medical stream.

  5. To spread the word of AYUSH and recognize it across the globe.

Preventive Aspect of AYUSH:

Modern sedentary lifestyle and environmental stress has led to many diseases in people. The Medical system of AYUSH pledges in the prevention of diseases and improving the lives of people and promoting a healthy way of living. Diseases such as Hypertension, Hyperglycemia, Kidney Diseases, etc lead to organ damage but luckily these conditions do have subclinical stages. If not rectified completely, but still it can be bought under control thus the department of AYUSH plays its role and makes a difference between health and disease.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who is the Head of AYUSH?

Ans:  Shripad Naik was the appointed minister of state of the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, on 9th November 2014.

2. What are the AYUSH Courses?

Ans: The Courses are:

 1. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery.

 2. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery.

 3. Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery.

 4. Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery.

 5. Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Sciences.