RDX Full Form

What is the Full Form of RDX in English?

The abbreviation RDX stands for Research Department Explosive or Royal Demolition Explosive. It is an odorless, tasteless white organic compound that acts up as an explosive. Chemically it falls under the category of Nitramide. If you get technical, you can call the rdx acronym by the name cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine with the chemical formula of (O2NNCH2)3. RDX can be activated by friction, impact, and temperature.


It is deemed to be more dangerous than the explosive TNT. RDX is used to make hi impacting explosives. It has a common usage among the military applications and also to demolish huge structures like bridges, building. 


It is a biodegradable product that can be degraded by the sewage sludge and certain fungus Phanaerocheate chrysosporium. 


Let us Delve Into The Properties of RDX:

As the rdx full form is an organic compound, it is bound to have some physical properties, which can be scribbled as:

  • It is hard

  • RDX exhibits no odor

  • This is a white crystalline solid

  • Water and other organic liquids do not dissolve RDX

  • It melts at 205.5 degrees Celsius

  • The molecular weight is 222.12 g/mol

  • RDX can be decomposed at 213°C


The Relation of RDX with history:

The full form of rdx has a long connection with Germany. A German Georg Friedrich Henning discovered it in the year 1898. He even obtained a patent for its production. RDX was massively used in World War 2. Germany was the one to come up with an improved production method in 1930. 


Getting Some Idea About The Toxicity of RDX:

Studies have proved the toxicity of Royal Demolition Explosive that is the full form of rdx. It was significantly used during military activities. On unintentional ingestion, military personnel showed convulsive activities to say seizures.  Due to its explosive properties, RDX was used in different war ammunitions also. The manufacturers of these ammunitions also showed similar effects on inhaling the dust of RDX. 40 American soldiers were hospitalised due to RDX poisoning during the Vietnam War from the December of 1968 to the December of 1969. The poisoning happened due to the use of RDX as food heating agents. The soldiers used the same knife to eat with which they used to cut the RDX before using it as a fuel. Due to its toxic level, rat poisons use traces of RDX.