ELISA Full Form

The term ‘ELISA’ stands for Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay. ELISA is a test that checks the presence of antibodies in the blood. The human body generates antibodies when any infection affects your body. The antibodies are made to protect your body from infections or antigens. If there is a presence of an antibody in your body, it means that you are affected by any infection.

The human body is complex, and for that, the doctors also undergo tricky methods to fight the contaminations. With the ELISA abbreviation test, the doctors monitor the amount of antibody in your blood sample. No antibody in your blood means your body is not affected by any virus or bacteria. This is just a process of detecting the presence of antibodies produced by your immune system.

Why Is the ELISA Test Important?

The doctors won’t be able to treat your disease properly unless it is detected. With the full form of ELISA test, the kind of antibodies present in your body is revealed. Your body produces antibodies in response to the type of antigens. Once the doctors can detect the antigens, they can quickly point out the disease you are carrying. Most importantly, ELISA detects the disease in the first phase.

What Are the Key Features of ELISA?

ELISA test can easily detect the antigens as it is preferably sensitive. While having the Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay test, you can undergo multiple tests at a time as it can monitor plenty of specimens together. However, not every hospital can arrange an ELISA abbreviation test. It requires well-trained technicians and up to date infrastructure to conduct an ELISA test.

The procedure of ELISA is not complicated as it involves neither radiation counter nor radioisotopes. There is no chance of a faulty result after the ELISA test. If you are suspecting of being infected, undergo this quick process of the ELISA test. Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay test can point out the disease at the primary stage so that you will have a lot of time for the treatment.

What Are the Diseases That Can be Diagnosed by the ELISA Test?

  •  AIDS

  • Rotavirus

  • Toxoplasmosis

  • Lyme disease

  • Syphilis

  • Zika virus

  • Pernicious anemia

What If the Result of Your ELISA Test Comes Positive?

Do not get panicked if the result of your ELISA abbreviation test comes positive. A positive ELISA test doesn’t really mean that the person is HIV positive. There are several minor diseases that cause that report to be positive. If you are affected with syphilis or Lyme disease then also the report of your ELISA test will come positive. So it would be wise to consult a doctor for further treatment.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Does the ELISA Test Offer Accurate Results Always?

The key reason to undergo an Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay test is to check if the patient is HIV positive or not. The test will monitor the presence of the antibodies in the blood samples and will determine the disease. In 99.9% of cases, the result comes out to be accurate.

2. What Are the Notable Types of ELISA Test?

ELISA or Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay test is a simpler method of detecting the suspected infections in the blood. The mentionable types are as follows, direct, indirect, sandwich and competitive.

3. Can ELISA Help in Detecting Dengue?

Yes, to detect the Dengue virus you can undergo an ELISA test. By this Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay test, the doctors check the presence of anti-DENV IgG or IgM antibodies in the blood sample of the patient. These antibodies are generated by the immune system of the human body to fight the antigens.