EVM Full Form

Know the Full-Form of EVM and How it is Used to Register Voters in a Democracy

EVM stands for Electronic Voting Machines that have gained widespread recognition replacing the traditional ballot paper system.  In a democracy, it is considered a fundamental right for every citizen to exercise their voting right. 

Understand the evm full form in English and learn how these units have emerged as a faster way to count and register your votes. Considering the enormous size of the population in India, it is safe to say that EVMs are the best thing to avoid any malpractice during the elections.

Origin of EVM

The first-ever mechanical voting machine was patented in the New York election in 1889. Over the years, the system gained widespread acceptance, and the evm acronym made more sense to people. It gained a foothold and was further modified.

Votomatic punched cards with holes were introduced in the California elections of 1965. It was a modern and faster communication system that registered the voter's name with ease. The EVM machine has replaced traditional ballot paper models in most of India, and its popularity is proof of it.

The Design of Electronic Voting Machines

The EVMs are designed in complete secrecy of only a few engineers. Currently, in India, EVMs can exclusively be manufactured by Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation of Indian Limited. The Electronic Voting Machines (evm full form in English) are designed using dual control units that are attached by a 5-meter long cable. The machine is designed to lock itself whenever a voter presses a switch against a candidate’s name. 

The front side of the machine consists of the name of the contesting candidates with their party symbols. One colored button is assigned to each party with numbers. The numbers are listed, and voters can exercise their franchise by pressing one button. Though the evm acronym is popular among voters but most of them do not know the full form.  

The EVM runs on normal battery power and registers a maximum of 2000 votes. In the event, when the EVM stops working, the votes are kept safe in the chip. It is prohibited to change the paper roll at the polling stations. 

Few Advantages of EVM

These are some benefits of using EVM:

  1. This machine reduces the possibility of fake votes to a great extent

  2. The use of EVM leads to the reduction of paper wastage

  3. EVM machines can be easily assembled and dismantled. This makes for more comfortable transportation and saves on cost

  4. The machines run on batteries so can be used in areas without electricity 


EVM is an excellent solution in a country like India, with huge demography. It reaches the remote areas, reduces costs, and eliminates fake votes. So, this is an excellent solution for democracy and protecting our republic.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Which State First Used VVPAT in India?

The Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) is generally an independent printer system which is attached with Electronic Voting Machine (EVM). It enables the voters to verify that their votes are cast as intended.

VVPAT was first used in September 2013 in Noksen, Nagaland. It was then used on a large scale in the Mizoram assembly election in 2013 on the full range.

2. Who is the Current Election Commissioner of India?

The current and 23rd Chief Election Commissioner of India is Mr Sunil Arora, and two other commissioners are Ashok Lavasa and Sushil Chandra.

3. Who was the First to Introduce the EVM Machine in India?

The EVM abbreviation is an electronic voting machine. They have been manufactured by ECI and BEL since the early '90s. These were first introduced in the Indian General Election in the year 1998. Gradually it was rolled out in a phased manner until 2001. Since then, it has continued to gain widespread acceptance.