Medical Full Forms

Discuss The Different Abbreviations In The Field Of Medicine

The healthcare sector is full of technical jargons and contains lots of abbreviations. These are quite popular with doctors and even laymen. However, a medical acronym does not exist as it is not an abbreviated word. The related abbreviations help to understand the medical better. During a surgery, and a team of doctors can discuss these effectively without using the full forms. Take, for example, ECG. Have you ever used the long-form, or do you know about it? Everyone uses ECG but very few know that it stands for an echocardiogram. 


The Objective of Using The Medical Full Forms

Since we know the term and meaning of ‘medical’, it will give people a comprehensive understanding of the different terms. Here are the ten most commonly used medical abbreviations:


  1. MBBS

The full form of MBBS is a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of surgery. It is the first two medical undergraduate degrees awarded by medical schools and colleges.


  1. BDS

This means a Bachelor of Dental Surgery and is related to teeth and ways to treat them. It is a 5-year comprehensive degree program and requires a 10+2 degree with a science background for admission. 


  1. COPD

This is an acronym for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. This disease refers to common types of lung infections that worsen over time. This disorder afflicts the older section of our population. 


  1. ENT

ENT stands for Ear, Nose, and Throat and deals with surgery and treatment of any disorders in these three body parts. 


  1. OPD

It refers to the Outpatient Department and refers to the patients that are not admitted to the hospital. A patient first goes to OPD and then is directed to a specialty. 


  1. UTI

The medical meaning for UTI is Urinary Tract Infection and is usually caused by bacteria present in the bladder, kidneys or urethra.


  1. PMS

This means Premenstrual Syndrome and refers to the physical and mental trauma of women before their periods begin. 


  1. OCD

OCD or Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder refers to a disease related to anxiety. It is a neurological disturbance, and a patient performs continuous repetitive behaviors when he or she suffers from it. 


  1. CMO

A CMO is a Chief Medical Officer of a hospital that is run by the government, and is usually a senior physician looking into the general public health.


  1. GMO

This popular term means Genetically Modified Organisms. This is used in agricultural science and refers to those plants and organisms whose genetic makeup has been altered through a process of transgenic technology. 



All the pieces of information stated above along with the FAQs given below will help you immensely to understand the various medical and pathological terminologies. There are numerous others that you can easily find out by browsing through the internet for comprehensive expertise in learning medical terms. Saying that do not look for medical full form and meaning as it is not an acronym.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Where did the Abbreviations Originate?

The medical terminologies had their roots in early Latin or Greek scripts. But now it is no longer the case. Newer abbreviations have much lighter traces and can be easily found in everyday English.

2. What do You Mean by PRN?

The Latin form of PRN means Pro Re Nata. PRN stands for urgent medicines and can be purchased only with a valid prescription. These are mostly scheduled-H drugs and are advised by your doctor for chronic conditions/ diseases.

3. Why do Doctors Write Rx in Prescriptions?

Rx originates from a Latin word which means recipes or recipe or to take this medicine. It is an old coinage. However, doctors nowadays don’t use it that often.