Manage Natural Resources

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Mother Earth has bestowed us with several sources of energy. We need the energy to support different life forms on this planet. We extract different forms of energy from different sources. The natural resources present on this planet are the chief sources of energy for our daily activities. However, all of these natural resources are not renewable. Therefore, to ensure proper usage of each of these natural resources so that none of the sources faces any problems of getting used up, we need to manage natural resources. Let us learn more about the management of natural resources.

What is the Management of Natural Resources?

Management of natural resources refers to all those activities related to all renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. The management of these sources is important to maintain the balance in the ecosystem. Let us look at the reasons why the management of natural resources is necessary.

Why is Management of Natural Resources Important?

It is important to manage the natural resources available to us. The following reasons justify why do we need to manage our resources.

  • Natural resources are needed to be managed to maintain balance in the ecosystem. All components of the environment are related to each other. An imbalance caused due to the over-consumption of these resources will disrupt this balance, affecting all kinds of life forms directly or indirectly related to it.

  • Managing equal pressure on different sources of energy prevents overdependence on any particular source. Previously, people-based most of their work and technology on coal and petroleum. However, both these sources are non-renewable and give rise to several toxic substances and pollution as by-products of its consumption. Recent trends shift towards renewable sources like solar energy and hydro energy, thus lessening the burden on these non-renewable sources.

  • We must allow our future generations to use such resources. We must not overuse any resource to such an extent that it gets depleted. If we do so, we are preventing our future generation from such sources of energy.

The Three R’s of Waste Management

Waste management is a synonymous term associated with resource management. This is because waste generation and waste handling also require resource consumption. To prevent excessive use of resources for waste management, it is important to follow the three Rs of waste management- Reduce, reuse, and recycle. Let us look at each of them in detail.

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Reduce calls for smart management, purchase, and use of products. It is based on the principle that we will not produce much waste if we do not use resources. The best way to limit our usage is by:

  • Avoiding the use of disposable products like paper plates and cups, plastic straws, and switching to reusable ones. 

  • Checking for the durability of the product and settling for the better quality ones. 

  • Prevent the use of plastics, and replace these products with the ones made from cloth.


Reuse calls for using products that have been used before. Such a step will prove to be economical as well as environmentally friendly. The best way to reuse are:

  • Reuse plastic and paper bags for different purposes.

  • Donate old dresses, books, furniture, electrical appliances, etc.

  • Reuse simple household items for other applications.


Recycling is the process by which used products are transformed into new products used for different purposes. For example,

  • People can use different DIY ideas to convert plastic bottles for different household needs, like pots for planting trees.

  • Recycle the used paper products to make newspaper bags.

  • Purchasing recycled products that can be recycled yet again. 

Need for Conservation and Management of Natural Resources

We have valid reasons to conserve the natural resources that we use daily. Let us look at the following points to validate this statement.

  • Most of our activities are based on the use of natural resources. These resources are obtained from different sources. A significant fraction of our sources is non-renewable, meaning that it is difficult to replenish them once used.

  • Rational distribution of pressure will enable all the resources to be used properly. More pressure must be exerted on renewable sources like solar and hydro energy sources. This move will also reduce the pressure on non-renewable sources. Moreover, several kinds of pollution can also be controlled by such management.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the Types of Natural Resources on Earth, and How to Differentiate Them?

There are several types of natural resources. Based on their availability and source, they can be classified into renewable and non-renewable sources. Renewable sources of energy are those sources that can be renewed after usage. Examples of these sources include solar energy and hydro energy. Non-renewable sources are those sources that can not be renewed. Once these sources are used up, there will be none left for the future generation. Examples of non-renewable sources of energy are coal and petroleum. People are now instructed to switch to renewable sources of energy so that the ecosystem balance is maintained. Proper use and management of these natural resources are important to ensure that none of these resources is depleted. In this way, the future generation will also have a chance of using these natural resources for their own needs.

2. Why is it Necessary to Have Proper Management of Natural Resources?

It is important to have tight control over the use of natural resources. Not all resources are easily available. Moreover, all these resources are not always renewable. Some of the non-renewable sources of energy are coal, petroleum, and natural gas. These energy sources are extracted from the Earth's crust, where it is present in a definite amount. Moreover, these resources' usage results in different kinds of pollution, like air pollution, water pollution, etc. All these types of pollution cause different diseases and changes in humans' life patterns and other life forms. We have access to other renewable sources of energy like solar energy and hydro energy. Harnessing such energy might prove to be a cumbersome task, but humans have evolved technologies to do so. Waste management is another way to manage the use of natural resources. We must follow the three Rs- Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle, to decrease our dependence on new energy sources.