Natural Resources

Conservation of Natural Resources

Natural resources are the resources which exist without any actions of mankind. This includes all of the valued characteristics like gravitational, magnetic, electrical properties and forces, etc. While talking about Earth, it consists of water, sunlight, atmosphere, land including all minerals along with all the vegetation, crops and animal life which naturally subsists on or within these known and identified substances and characteristics. In this article, we will be learning about natural resources, conservation of natural resources, and the classification of natural resources. Let us first have a look at what are natural resources in detail and how are they conserved.

What are Natural Resources and Their Conservation?

Natural resources are the ones that come from nature. People cannot make natural resources, however, they can collect it. Some of the examples of the natural resources include water, coal, wood, and iron. Some of the resources, for example, hydro-electric energy are not considered to be natural since they are made by people.

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Classifications of Natural Resources

Let us now look at how the natural resources are classified.

Natural resources are mainly classified into 2 different categories:

  1. Renewable natural resources and

  2. Non-renewable natural resources

Renewable natural resources are the resources that can be generated again once they are used. Some of the examples of the renewable natural resources include sunlight, water, and wood.

Non-renewable natural resources are the ones that exhaust after their frequent usage and sometimes it takes a really long time for them to regenerate. An example of this includes natural gas. Another example of the non-renewable natural resource is coal. Just as coal, there are many such natural resources which are limited which means that they cannot be recycled again. Most of these non-renewable natural resources cannot be recycled and hence it is important to conserve these natural resources. There are several natural resources that have a very high demand but have a lesser availability. 

Some Examples of the Non - Renewable Natural Resources Include:

  1. Air: Existence of all living beings requires clean air. However, due to several reasons, the air gets polluted and it indirectly affects the health of living beings.

  2. Water: A very small amount of freshwater is available on Earth. Out of this amount, some amount is portable which means that it can be used for drinking. Since there is a constant change in the climate, there is a change in the rainfall pattern as well. The melting of ice is dropped in winter as well. All these factors result in lowering the amount of this natural resource which is crucial to life on Earth.

  3. Fossil Fuels: Natural resources like natural gas, coal, and petroleum would be over someday which means that they are exhaustible. It takes several millions of years for one dead organism to get converted into fuels. They are consumed with a faster rate than the rate that it is formed. The excess burning of these fossil fuels leads to air pollution since it gives out carbon dioxide which is a type of greenhouse gas.

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Natural Resources and Their Conservation

It is highly important that we conserve these natural resources since they are getting exhausted at an alarming rate. Apart from that, it has an adverse effect on the environment that is indirectly causing harm to living beings. However, if we follow some tips in our day to day lives, we can conserve these natural resources.

  1. Use an alternative source of power like solar and wind energy

  2. Plant more trees for preventing the soil erosion

  3. Use pipelines for transporting oil

  4. Treat the industrial sewage and wastage even before they get released into the water bodies

  5. Include the rainwater harvesting system in the house

  6. Use biogas in the house

  7. Use biofuels instead of the conventional petroleum-based fuels

  8. Ensure that the wastes are being recycled

  9. Use electronic mails

  10. Make use of the energy-saving tube lights and bulbs

  11. Practice the method of crop rotation

  12. Construct reservoirs

Natural Resources and Associated Problems

There are several problems that are attached to the natural resources. Let us take a look at them.

  1. The irrational consumption and overuse of these natural resources has led to several socio-economic and environmental problems.

  2. Natural resources are available in a fixed quantity and are non-renewable.

  3. There is an increasing scarcity of these natural resources as the population is increasing day by day.

  4. Non-renewable natural resources take millions of years to form.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What do you Mean by Conservation of Resources?

Natural resources are the resources that are naturally available on the Earth. We do not need any human involvement for deriving these resources. These resources are important for all living things on Earth. Some examples of natural resources are sunlight, air, and water that the living things use directly. Many of these natural resources are renewable. Those resources can be recycled and reused. However, many natural resources are exhausting fast because of several reasons. It is because of this reason that the conservation of these natural resources is necessary so that the living beings can preserve them and use them as required.

2. Why are Natural Resources Important? Why is it Important to Conserve Them?

We rely on natural resources in our day to day lives. Almost everything that we utilize on a daily basis comes from the natural resources. Some of the examples of natural resources that we use are air, water, sunlight, coal, minerals, forests, land, etc. Here are some of the reasons why natural resources are important and why it is necessary for us to conserve them.

  1. Nature helps in maintaining the overall environmental balance and satisfies all our needs to the fullest.

  2. We use several industrial as well as biological materials, either directly or indirectly, for the production and manufacturing of a wide range of products which includes medicine.

  3. Resources are necessary for the development of a country.