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Memorandum Revaluation A/C and Capital Adjustment

Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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Method of Adjustment of Capital Value

A capital adjustment is a monetary transaction that neutralises the impact of inflation on a corporation by compensating for fluctuating costs of inputs and expenses. Items like trade debtors, accounts receivable, and prepaid costs are included here, but stocks are not.


The concept of Capital Adjustment


The Concept of Capital Adjustmen


When a new partner is admitted, the existing partners may decide to change their capital contributions to reflect their agreed-upon profit allocation. In this case, if the new partner's capital is known, it may be utilised as a starting point for determining the adjusted capital contributions of the existing partners. After making all necessary adjustments for goodwill reserves, revaluing assets and liabilities, etc., we should compare the resulting capitals to their original capitals. The partner whose capital is short will contribute the funds to make the difference, while the partner with a surplus will withdraw the surplus.


Difference between a Revaluation Account and a Memo Revaluation Account


Revaluation Account

Memorandum Revaluation Account

Effect on the Balance sheet

A revaluation Account is created when a fresh balance sheet is created using the adjusted values for assets and liabilities.

When the new balance sheet displays assets and liabilities at their previous or unmodified values, a Memorandum Revaluation Account must be drafted.


There is no central dividing point between the two halves. It is ready to keep track of any changes in the value of assets or obligations.

It has a split structure with two halves. The first half is set up to keep track of any changes in asset and liability values, while the second half is set up to cancel out those values.

Transfer of profit or loss

Whatever is left in the revaluation account after expenses have been deducted is distributed to the Old Partners' capital accounts according to the old profit-sharing ratio.

The remaining amount from the first section (Profit or loss) is credited to the Capital Accounts of Old Partners following the old profit-sharing ratio. If a new partner is admitted or an existing partner retires, their proportionate share of the remaining second portion is distributed to their respective Partners' Capital Accounts.


Percentage Change in Acceptance Due to Capital Investment


Modification of Entrance Requirements Based on Financial Resources


Modification of Entrance Requirements Based on Financial Resources


Capital adjustments are to be made when a new partner is admitted under the partners' agreement. The capital restructuring is accomplished by reallocating the partners' contributions to the capital account following their revised profit-sharing agreement. It is done by recalculating prior earnings in the Goodwill Revaluation Account and then applying the result to the Capital Accounts of the outgoing partners.


Then, the capital contributions of the remaining partners are reallocated as follows:

  • The New Partners' Capital Contribution will determine the needed capital amount.

  • The quantity of capital is determined using the Old Partners' Capital Account as the foundation for the computation.

  • The revised Profit-Sharing Ratio is then used to recalculate each partner's Capital Account.


Capital Adjustment through Journal Entries

(i) For excess capital withdrawn by the partner

  Partners’ Capital A/c Dr. XXXX  

            To Cash/Bank A/c XXXX

  (Being excess capital withdrawn by the partners )  


(ii) For the amount of capital introduced by the partner

  Cash/Bank A/c Dr. XXXX  

            To Partners’ Capital A/c XXXX

  (Being adjustment made for transferring the balance of revaluation a/c to retiring partners’ capital/current a/c).



To construct the revaluation account, we must recalculate the values of all assets and liabilities at the time of the admission of a new partner. Since the value of certain assets rises while others fall over time, the market value of an organisation's assets may be different from its book value. Liabilities may also have different market values from their book values. In addition, the books have to reflect any assets or liabilities that have been overlooked throughout the recording process.

FAQs on Memorandum Revaluation A/C and Capital Adjustment

1. What does the “total adjusted capital of all partners” refer to?

When new partners are brought into an existing business, they automatically become entitled to a portion of the firm's earnings. If the current and new partners reach a consensus on how to divide up the business, the most pressing concern is how the new partner will come to own a stake in the venture. In the absence of other instructions, the new partner is presumed to get his share of the profits per the existing partners' agreed-upon profit-sharing ratio.

2. Why do we bother preparing a memorandum account for revaluation?

At the time of admission or retirement, a Memorandum Revaluation Account is created. Additionally, this is created when the partnership company wishes to give revaluation via the partner's Capital Accounts but does not want to modify the values of the assets and liabilities in the New Balance Sheet. The memorandum account provides a summary of the cumulative surpluses and deficits incurred as a result of the Office's supply of audit and assurance services on the basis of full cost recovery.

3. When will the account for the revaluation be opened?

At the moment of admission, a nominal account, referred revaluation account, is formed so that the assets and the liabilities may be revalued and reassessed. These assets and liabilities are reevaluated so that the entering partner does not get an unfair advantage due to the transaction. Any profit or loss incurred as a result of the Revaluation account is credited or debited to the old partners' capital accounts according to the profit-sharing ratio that was in effect at the time.