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Public Facilities Class 8 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 9 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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MVSAT 2024

Public Facilities Class 8 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 9 - Free PDF Download

Chapter 9 of Class 8 Civics, Public Facilities, makes use of water as a prominent example for understanding public facilities. Students need to get complete clarity on the concept of public facilities as a whole. Furthermore, the chapter also tells students why the government of that respective provision should essentially look into the smooth running of public facilities. Students can now make use of public facilities class 8 notes to learn in-depth about the chapter and simultaneously prepare well for their exams.

Download CBSE Class 8 Political Science Revision Notes 2023-24 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 8 Political Science revision notes for All chapters:

Access Class 8 Political Science Civics Chapter 09 – Public Facilities

In today’s world, water shortage is a significant issue. The rich people get access to municipal water regularly, and the water tankers are affordable and accessible to them. Many middle-class people have their own bore wells. Borewell water is not suitable for consumption, so they use water filters. Once a week they get tankers. They don’t have regular access to municipal water. The poor neither have access nor can afford regular and clean water supply.

Water as a Part of the Fundamental Right to Life:

Why is Water an Essential Political Concern? 

  1. Daily needs 

  2. availability of Safe and clean water 

  3. Good health- water-based diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, cholera are getting common in India. 

India’s Constitutional Laws for Satisfying the Above Essentials for Every Citizen of India:

  1. The Constitution of India recognizes water's right as a part of the Right to Life under Article 21 - establishes universal access. Ensure all people of the country irrespective of economic status to access water at an affordable cost to satisfy their daily needs. Both the high court and Supreme Court consider the right to water as a fundamental right to life. 

  2. In 2007, the Andhra Pradesh High Court held a case based on a letter written by a Mahabubnagar district's villager. The villager brought to light the contamination of drinking water in that letter. The villager complained that a textile company was discharging poisonous chemicals into the stream in his village. As a result, the groundwater was getting contaminated, which was the source of irrigation and drinking water. Thus, affecting the overall livelihood of the villagers. The judges lead the Mahbubnagar district collector to supply at least 25 liters of water to every individual in the village.

Public Facilities:

What are the Public Facilities?

Other than water, the public would need healthcare, sanitation, electricity, public transport, schools, and colleges. These are called public facilities. Why is that the establishment of public facilities important? 

  • A community can share it.

  • example:

  1. School - Establishments of government schools can make education accessible for the children in our community. 

  2. Electricity - Establishing an electric power supply may facilitate the following: 

  • Farmers can use more electricity-powered machines like a motor pump to irrigate their fields.

  • Students can get access to education through the internet only if electricity is accessible.

The Government's Role:

The Indian government is responsible for making public facilities available to all its citizens. 

Why is the Government Responsible?

If privatized, all the private organizations and companies only work for profit, and no company would be interested in investing in the public's sanitation or conducting free campaigns. Although the supply of water, education can be a place of interest for the private companies, which are already established in cities, consequence, they are not affordable for the needy. 

How Does the Government Afford It?

The government plans the yearly budget in the parliament meeting. The taxes collected from the citizens are the income of the government. To supply water, the government has to invest a certain amount of money to extract and transport water. The government charges the citizens a small percentage of their income as tax. Taxes are not liable for poor people. This money is used to enable everyone to get access to a regular and clean water supply. 

Is Water Supply Available to All?

  • There is a significant shortage of providing public facilities to everyone. 

  • Shortage - Municipality satisfies approximately only half the water needs of the area.

  • Unequal access - Area nearer to the water storage points have better access to water than the farther ones. 

  • Poverty - The poor are the ones who are the most affected. Whereas the middle class manages by digging bore wells, buying water from tankers, and using bottled water for drinking. 

  • Availability of safe water - only a few can afford to have access to safe and clean water.

  • Taking water from farmers - The private companies, to satisfy the increasing water takes water from agricultural lands. Mostly from the villages nearby to metropolitan cities. The farmers are paid every month authorizing the company to exploit the water from their land. The problem is when private companies extract water from about 13,000 water tanks draining the water in that area. This doesn't only affect the farmers but the villagers altogether. As a result, Groundwater levels have dropped drastically. 

In Search of Alternatives:

  • Shortage of water during summers is common among most cities of India. 

  • The private companies have taken over the water supply chains as the municipality fails to meet the needs. 

  • According to the urban water commission, in cities, 135 liters (about 7 buckets) of water is consumed per person. In slums, the supply should be about 20 liters (one bucket) per person. At an equivalent time, hotels may consume about 1600 liters (about 80 buckets) per day. 

  • A shortage of municipal water is usually considered a sign of failure of the government.

  1. Suggestion - Many suggest that private companies have to take over the water supply task as the municipality is running at a loss. They believe private companies may perform better.

Throughout the Planet Water Supply is Done by the Government. Very Rarely Taken Over by Private.

Example: Porto Alegre, Brazil - The city water department has achieved universal water access.

  • The average price of water is low, and the poor are charged at half the basic rate. 

  • The profit of the government is completely used for water supplies. 

  • The people get to have a say in the upcoming schemes and water projects. 

  • The government is completely transparent about the steps taken by the water department.

There was a steep rise in the water rates when handed over to private companies. This has made it unaffordable for many. 

Example: In Bolivia, protests and riots broke when private companies were handed over the responsibility to supply water demanding the government to take over again.

Important Questions and Answers: 

1. Who has good access to water? 

Ans: The rich who reside in established municipalities get their water needs satisfied by proper government services. Poor people cannot get daily access to water, and some people in villages have to travel to faraway places to get water. 

2. What is "on contract"?

Ans: The private companies transport and distribute water while the government water system department decides the speed for water tankers and then the government permits them. Hence, they are called 'on contract'. 

3. What happened in Bolivia?

Ans: In Bolivia, protests and riots broke when private companies were handed over the responsibility to supply water demanding the government to take over again. As privatization of water supply happened, the water price rose steeply, making it unaffordable for many. This catalyzed the water shortage issue in many cities. Protests and riots broke out, asking the government to take back the water supply service from private hands. 

4. How Porto Alegre, Brazil achieved universal water access? 


  • The average price of water is often low, and the poor are charged at half the basic rate. 

  • The profit of the government is completely used for water supplies. 

  • The people get to have a say in the upcoming schemes and water projects. 

  • The government is completely transparent about the steps taken by the water department.

5. Explain how private companies exploit farmer's water. 

Ans: The private companies, in order to satisfy the increasing water needs, take water from agricultural lands. Mostly from the villages nearby to metropolitan cities. The farmers are paid every month authorizing the company to exploit the water from their land. The problem is when private companies extract water from about 13,000 water tanks draining the water in that area. This doesn't only affect the farmers but the villagers’ altogether. As a result, Groundwater levels have dropped drastically. 

6. What symbolizes the failure of the government and why?

Ans: The shortage of municipal water symbolizes the failure of the government. As the shortage of municipal water means fewer water supplies to even a few people. This means failure to meet the government's responsibility to provide sufficient and clean water to the citizens.

Class 8 Social Science -Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities Notes

Public Facilities Class 8 Notes

Water and the People of Chennai

Anna Nagar is a pushy and gorgeous area in Chennai. It is incorporated with a variety of vibrant lawns and is maintained by seamount spraying of water. Tap water is relatively constant for a significant part of the day here. However, there are minimal days where this area encounters an inadequate supply of water. In such circumstances, the residents reach out to the senior officers of the municipal water board. Simultaneously, the municipal water board arranged a water tanker for these Residents.

On the other hand, students will also learn about another area of Chennai,Mylapore. Mylapore struggles with extreme water shortage. The residents here,moreover,receive the municipal water only after two days. Students will learn about both these areas of Chennai, and all the water supply struggles they deal with.

Water as Part of the Fundamental Right to Life

Students will learn about the vitality of water in this section. Water is an essential aspect of every individual’s life. Not only is it crucial for maintaining our health but also to survive. Safe drinking water plays a fundamental role in lowering your risk of developing water-related diseases. About 1600 Indians suffer from death due to water-related diseases like cholera, dysentery, and even diarrhoea. Moreover, nearly a majority of these Indians are children aged below 5. In this section of the chapter, students will learn about how water is a paramount factor for the survival of living creatures.

Additionally, you’ll also learn more about different Examples of Public Facilities and about Article 11, which is about the Right to Life. Under the right to life, Students will know about the right to water and how every individual should have universal access to water. This section covers all the laws for the right to water and how it should be available to every human being.

Public Facilities

Apart from water, people should have access to a wide range of public facilities. Here, you’ll learn about different Public Facilities Examples and how everyone should be offered water for sanitation and healthcare, and other such public facilities. For instance, public facilities like public transport, electricity, and even education, are a few of the significant factors for every human being. The very concept of a public pavilion is that on being offered to the citizens, its perks can be collectively shared among many people. Learn more about this section by referring to the additional notes of Public Facilities Class 10. 

The Government’s Role

The Government’s Role is a very integral factor of this chapter. It manages everything you need to know about the government and its responsibilities of offering public facilities to the residents. The government must ensure that all the public facilities are well distributed and available for every individual. Private companies regulate for profit in the marketplace. However, public facilities often consist of no profits whatsoever. Thus, private companies do not favour undertaking work concerning public facilities. Students will learn more about how the government works towards providing public facilities to the residents. 

Water Supply to Chennai: Is it Available to All

Public facilities are a fundamental right for every individual. They should be made available to every individual living in the country. Nonetheless, these facilities are limited in number. For instance, Chennai’s water supply is minimal. Municipal supply only fulfils half the necessities of the people. There is a drastic difference in the water supply from one area to the other. In this section, students will be focusing on water supply in Chennai and if or not it is collectively available to every area of Chennai. You will also learn about the influence of money and how people with money have easy access to water.

In Search of Alternatives 

Chennai’s situation isn’t necessarily distinctive. Several parts of India have an extreme water shortage crisis during varied seasons of the year. Here, you’ll learn about the role of municipal corporations and how they are being replaced or expanded by private companies that sell water for gaining profits. Furthermore, you’ll also gain insights into several facts about water supply throughout the world. You’ll learn about the fact that water supply is a fundamental role of the government worldwide Now go through the Public Facilities Class 8 Notes to know more about the chapter.

What are the Benefits of Referring to Vedantu’s Revision Notes for Class 8 Social Chapter 9 - Public Facilities

As you explore Class 8 Social Studies and dive into Chapter 9 - "Public Facilities," Vedantu's Revision Notes become your helpful companions. This brief introduction highlights the benefits of using these notes, making the study of public facilities easy and engaging. Let's discover how Vedantu's Revision Notes can enhance your understanding of this chapter and make your learning experience straightforward and effective.

1. Quick, Clear Summaries: Vedantu aids in providing quick and clear summaries of key concepts in Class 8 Social Chapter 9 - Public Facilities, ensuring a concise understanding of essential topics.

2. Simplified Complex Topics: Vedantu simplifies complex topics from Chapter 9, making them more accessible and comprehensible for students.

3. Efficient Last-Minute Exam Prep: For last-minute exam preparation, Vedantu serves as an efficient tool, offering focused insights into crucial aspects of Public Facilities.

4. Enhanced Information Retention: Vedantu's approach enhances the retention of crucial information in Chapter 9, helping students remember and apply key concepts.

5. Effective Exam Preparation Support: With key points and tips, Vedantu provides effective support for exam preparation in Public Facilities, ensuring students are well-equipped for assessments.

6. Time-Saving Information Consolidation: Vedantu's organized approach saves time by consolidating information, streamlining the study process for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 9.

7. Prioritisation of Important Topics: Vedantu prioritizes important topics and questions, helping students focus on the most relevant aspects of Public Facilities.

8. Practical Examples for Real-World Connections: Through practical examples, Vedantu establishes real-world connections, making the content of Chapter 9 more relatable and understandable.

9. Boosted Student Confidence: By providing comprehensive support and resources, Vedantu boosts student confidence for exams, fostering a positive mindset toward Chapter 9 - Public Facilities.


For an enhanced comprehension of this subject, NCERT - Class 8 Social Chapter 9 - Public Facilities, thoughtfully prepared by experienced educators at Vedantu, is your invaluable companion. These notes break down the complexities of Public Facilities into easily digestible sections, helping you grasp new concepts and navigate through questions effortlessly quickly in the last minute as well. By immersing yourself in these notes, you not only prepare for your studies more efficiently but also develop a profound understanding of the subject matter.

FAQs on Public Facilities Class 8 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 9 (Free PDF Download)

1. Why is water supplied by private companies minimal?

Water is a fundamental necessity of every human being. Thus, one must get universal access to only secure drinking water for boosting their quality of life. Water must be given to every individual living in the country, either at a reasonable rate or free of cost. However, private companies have only one goal- to boost their sales and profits. Thus, they seem to charge water at an exorbitant rate. This circumstance made it quite a struggle for people to afford water. After several protests and riots, the government decided to take back water supply services from private companies. This is why you may stumble across only minimal cases of private water supply.

2. What is your opinion on the distribution of public facilities in India? Do you think it is fair and enough?

While public facilities must be made available to every individual, we must look into the factor that public facilities as a whole are limitedly available. The distribution of these public facilities in India is neither fair nor enough. In Delhi, almost every individual has access to all public facilities, including water, electricity, healthcare, sanitation, and so on. However, smaller cities like Mathura and Aligarh have only limited availability of these facilities.

3. What topics does Class 8 Political Science Chapter 9 - Public Facilities cover?

Chapter 9 explores the concept of Public Facilities, covering areas like healthcare, education, and sanitation, examining their importance in society.

4. How can I access the free PDF download of Class 8 Political Science Chapter 9 notes on Public Facilities?

You can download the PDF of Chapter 9 notes, focusing on Public Facilities in Political Science, from Vedantu’s website or the links provided in the page.

5. How do these notes aid in better understanding the significance of Public Facilities for Class 8 students?

The notes provide detailed insights into the importance of Public Facilities, covering key topics and offering a comprehensive resource for better understanding and exam preparation.