Question

# Latika delivers bottled water to stores in Delhi. She delivers to MTGâ€™s bookstore every 6th day and to Sammyâ€™s bookstore every 9th day. On Thursday the 4th, she will deliver water to both of these stores. How many days after that will she deliver to both stores on the same day again?${\text{A}}{\text{. 17}} \\ {\text{B}}{\text{. 18}} \\ {\text{C}}{\text{. 19}} \\ {\text{D}}{\text{. 16}} \\$

Hint: Here, we will proceed by forming the series obtained by the days on which Latika will deliver the bottled water to MTGâ€™s bookstore and Sammyâ€™s bookstore and then we will write the expression for any nth term for both these series and will equate these values with each other.

According to the problem statement, on 4th (Thursday) Latika delivers the bottled water to both MTGâ€™s bookstore and Sammyâ€™s bookstore. Then the days on which she will again the deliver bottled water to MTGâ€™s bookstore will be 10th,16th,24th,â€¦ day and the days on which she will again deliver the bottled water to Sammyâ€™s bookstore will be 13th,22th,31th,â€¦ day
As we know that nth term for any arithmetic progression with first term as a1 and common difference d is given by ${a_n} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d{\text{ }} \to {\text{(1)}}$
Clearly, the days after 4th when Latika will deliver the bottled water again to MTGâ€™s bookstore are in an arithmetic progression with first term a1=10 and common difference d=6.
Using formula given by equation (1), we get
nth term of this AP, ${a_n} = 10 + 6\left( {n - 1} \right) = 10 + 6n - 6 \\ \Rightarrow {a_n} = 6n + 4{\text{ }} \to {\text{(2)}} \\$
Similarly, the days after 4th when Latika will deliver the bottled water again to Sammyâ€™s bookstore are in an arithmetic progression with first term a1â€™=13 and common difference dâ€™=9.
Using formula given by equation (1), we get
(nâ€™)th term of this AP, ${a_n}' = 13 + 9\left( {n' - 1} \right) = 13 + 9n' - 9 \\ \Rightarrow {a_n}' = 9n' + 4{\text{ }} \to {\text{(3)}} \\$
In order to obtain the exact number of days after 4th when Latika will deliver the bottled water again to both MTGâ€™s bookstore and Sammyâ€™s bookstore, the value of the nth term given by equations (2) and (3) should be equal.
So, we will make the RHS of equations (2) and (3) equal.
i.e., $6n + 4 = 9n' + 4 \\ \Rightarrow 6n = 9n' \\ \Rightarrow n = \dfrac{{3n'}}{2}{\text{ }} \to {\text{(4)}} \\$
Since, in equation (4) both n and nâ€™ should be natural numbers because the number of terms are always natural numbers.
Clearly, if we will put nâ€™=2 (natural number), the value of n obtained according to equation (4) is n=3 which is also a natural number.
Now, put n=3 in equation (2) or put nâ€™=2 in equation (3) we will get the value of nth term as
$\Rightarrow {a_n} = \left( {6 \times 3} \right) + 4 = 18 + 4 = 22$ or $\Rightarrow {a_n}' = \left( {9 \times 2} \right) + 4 = 18 + 4 = 22$
So, on the 22nd day Latika will deliver the bottled water to both the bookstores.
So, exactly after (22-4)=18 days Latika will deliver the bottled water to both the bookstores.
Hence, option B is correct.

Note: Here, we have made the nth term of the first arithmetic progression equal to the (nâ€™)th term of the second arithmetic progression because for that day when Latika will deliver the bottled water to both the bookstores on the same day again that particular day should be same. Also, the values of n and nâ€™ obtained are the minimum possible values in order to obtain the nearest day to 4th.