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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Chapter 2 - People As Resource

Last updated date: 29th May 2024
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FREE PDF Download - NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 - People as Resource

NCERT Solutions presents a comprehensive and high-quality study resource assembled for Social Science Economics Chapter 2, People as Resource. Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 NCERT Solutions offers an excellent platform, delivering concise highlights, visual aids for topic comprehension, and statistical data. It serves as an all-in-one guide for excelling in board exams. Rely on NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Economics for concise summaries and simplified analyses, aiding in easier memorization and comprehension of intricate concepts. Accessing these features is convenient, and the study material is designed to enhance your learning capabilities significantly.


NCERT Solutions For Class 9


Class 9 Social Science Economics

Chapter Name:

Chapter 2 - People As Resource

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

Get your hands on Maths NCERT Solutions Class 9 via Vedantu. Vedantu offers complimentary NCERT Solutions and additional study resources for students. For Mathematics enthusiasts seeking improved solutions and Science students in search of Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions, our Master Teachers have curated solutions that prove immensely beneficial.

Important Topics Covered under Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 - People as Resource

Below are the significant subjects encapsulated within Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 - People as Resource. We advise students to review these topics to gain an understanding of the primary areas they'll encounter and address when studying the solutions to the NCERT questions.


Economic Activities by Men and Women

Quality of Population


A Glance: NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 - People as Resource

  • Population is the asset of the economy if they are invested in training, education and medical care. 

  • The skills and abilities of the people are named as resources of people.

  • Like investment in physical capital, human capital also gives huge returns. 

  • The economy mainly has three sectors, primary sectors, secondary sectors and tertiary sectors.

  • Economic activities are mainly classified into two types - market activities and non-market activities. 

  • The quality of the population completely depends upon health, life expectancy and literacy rate. 

  • Education increases the national income, cultural richness and, thus, the efficiency of governance.

  • Unemployment wastes human resources. It also leads to economic overload, and hence, affects the overall economy. 

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NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 - Free PDF Download

1. What do you understand about ‘People as a Resource’?

Ans. ‘People as a Resource’ refers to the working population of the country in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities.

2. How are human resources different from other resources like land and physical capital? 

Ans. Human resources use other resources, such as land and physical capital, to create an output. The other resources aren't going to be useful on their own. This is why human resources are thought to be superior to other resources. Human resources play an important role in a country's economy by increasing productivity.

3. What is the role of education in human capital formation?

Ans. The most important component of human resource development is education. The following are the roles of education in the formation of human capital.

  1. This human capital can be formed through proper education and training. A well-educated population is a valuable resource.

  2. Education increases the quantity and quality of individual productivity, which contributes to economic growth.

  3. Education fosters personality and a sense of national consciousness among the people, both of which are necessary for rapid economic growth.

  4. Education not only contributes to an individual's development but also to the development of society holistically.

4. What is the role of health in human capital formation?

Ans: In the development of human capital, health is crucial. A healthy person has a better chance of reaching his full potential and being a valuable asset to the economy. A sick person is less likely to reach his full potential and can become a financial liability.

5. What part does health play in the individual’s working life? 

Ans: An individual's health allows him to realise his full potential and also gives him the ability to fight illness. An unhealthy employee is a liability to his employer. A person's health is directly related to his productivity. When compared to an unhealthy person, a healthy person can work more efficiently and productively. A healthy person outperforms an unhealthy person in terms of productivity.

6. What are the various activities undertaken in the primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector?

Ans: Economic activities are classified into three types:

Primary Sector: The primary sector includes activities involving the extraction and production of natural resources. This sector's activities include agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry farming, mining, and quarrying.

Secondary Sector: Manufacturing is referred to as a secondary activity. Natural resources are properly modified in the secondary activity. Light manufacturing, food processing, oil refining, and energy production are examples of the secondary sectors.

Tertiary Sector: Tertiary activities are economic activities that support both primary and secondary activities. Trade, transport, communication, banking, education, tourism, insurance, etc., are examples of tertiary activities.

 7. What is the difference between economic activities and non-economic activities? 

Ans: Economic activities are defined as activities that add value to the national income.

These are divided into two categories:

  1. Market activities: production for pay or profit. 

  2. Non-market activities: production for self-consumption.

Non-economic activities are those that do not contribute to national income, such as a person doing household chores.

8. Why are women employed in low-paid work?

Ans: Education and skill are the two most important determinants of a person's earnings in the market. Women are generally denied the education and skills needed to contribute to the national income as a result of gender discrimination. As a result, the majority of women have limited education and skill development. One of the reasons they are paid less than men is because of this.

9. How will you explain the term unemployment?

Ans: Unemployment is a situation when a person who is actively looking for work is unable to find work.

An individual is considered unemployed if he or she is a member of a country's labour force and is capable and willing to work for pay but is unable to do so.

10. What is the difference between disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment?

Ans: Disguised unemployment: occurs when there are more people working in a job than are actually needed. For example, if eight people are involved in an agricultural activity but the work/activity actually requires the services of five people, then three people are extra. If these three people out of eight are removed, total production will not be affected.

Seasonal unemployment: Seasonal unemployment occurs when people are only able to find work during certain months of the year. Agricultural labourers, for example, find work only during peak seasons, such as sowing, harvesting, weeding, and threshing. This is due to the seasonal nature of agriculture in India.

11. Why is the educated unemployed a peculiar problem of India? 

Ans: Educated unemployment refers to the situation in which a large number of young people with matriculation, graduation, and post-graduation degrees are unable to find suitable employment.

India has a large population, and a large number of people graduate from schools and colleges each year. The number of educated people graduating from educational institutions is not keeping up with the number of jobs available in various sectors. As a result, educated unemployed people are a distinctive problem in India.

12. In which field do you think India can build the maximum employment opportunity? 

Ans: India can create the most job opportunities in the agricultural sector and related industries. Agriculture is the economy's most labour-intensive industry.

When agricultural products are packaged in an efficient and high-quality manner, it can create a large number of employment opportunities.

13. Can you suggest some measures in the education system to mitigate the problem of the educated unemployed?

Ans: Measures in the education system to address the issue of educated unemployed:

  1. Make secondary education more career-oriented, providing individuals with not only education but also the necessary skills for gaining successful employment.

  2. Create a sort of screening process in which each individual selects subjects that are appropriate for his or her abilities.

  3. The introduction of newer subjects and fields of study at the secondary level should be accompanied by an increase in job opportunities in the sectors that will employ students who choose to study such subjects.

14. Can you suggest some measures in the education system to mitigate the problem of the educated unemployed? 

Ans: Human resources play an important role in a country's economy by increasing productivity. Because of the human resource's contribution, the other resource becomes useful. Human capital produces an output by utilising other resources such as land, labour, and physical capital. The other resources aren't going to be useful on their own.

As a result, human capital may be regarded as the most valuable of all resources.

Free PDF Download - NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 

Acquiring the PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 "People as Resources" from the website or app is a valuable and convenient endeavor. The comprehensive examination of the chapter establishes a robust knowledge base.  This NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 provides answers to mastering the concepts of unemployment, education, healthcare, and understanding economic terminologies made easier by our subject experts. This has made the process of preparing for exams quick and easy.  The Solutions for Chapter 2 People as Resource Class 9 NCERT Solutions are provided in a step-by-step manner to guide a student of any calibre to ace their exams with flying colours.

Summary of Chapter 2 - People as Resource

CBSE Economics Class 9 Chapter 2, titled "People as Resource," is a segment within the NCERT Social Science Economics textbook, serving as a primary reference for this subject. NCERT Solution Class 9th Social Sciences Economics Chapter 2 offers structured explanations presented as key highlights, facilitating a comprehensive understanding of the chapter. This chapter delves into the significance of population statistics, utilizing education and healthcare systems as illustrations to explore the economic assets. It also underscores the gender-based disparities in employment and discusses the concept of unemployment. Our experts furnish readers with abundant information, fortifying the fundamental understanding of the subject. The terminology, population statistics charts, and diagrams are elucidated in straightforward language, fostering a robust grasp of the topic.

Our team of experts has crafted these responses following thorough research and analysis of the subject matter, considering the intellectual capabilities of the students.

Class 9 Economics Chapter Wise Marks Weightage

Chapter 2 of Class 9 Economics carries a weightage of 15 marks and is a crucial topic frequently examined in board assessments. Fundamental questions from this topic are recurrent in Board exams, and utilizing this study material aids students in achieving higher scores.

Here is an expanded insight into the contents featured in Chapter 2, "People as Resource," of Class 9.

  1. Literacy rate for the economic development of a society (1 short, 1 long)

  2. Health infrastructure for better disease management (1 long)

  3. The problem of unemployment (1 short, 1 long)

Benefits of Studying Vedantu’s Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions for Economics Chapter 2 - People as Resource

  • NCERT Economics Class 9 Chapter 2 comes with important points, terminology, visual cues about the topic, and examples that can be used for simplified revision before exams.

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 "People as Resource" are prepared by a team of experts who make learning easy to master.

  • Our simplified answers provide an easy understanding and a solid foundation that helps in smooth preparation for exams.

  • These Solutions are composed of key information, graphs, tables, discussion forums, and analysis on specific topics.

  • For better understanding, the answers are written in simple language and include the fundamentals on all topics.

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Books Available for:

NCERT Class 9 Social Science (Contemporary India) Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science (India and the Contemporary World - I) Chapter-wise Solutions


Vedantu’s Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions for Economics Chapter 2, "People as Resource," streamline the revision process for students, offering top-notch materials and exam-centric content that is easily digestible and memorable. We strongly recommend that students utilize these solutions after studying the chapter's topics to prepare confidently for their Class 9 Social Science exams and achieve excellent grades.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Chapter 2 - People As Resource

1. What is Seasonal Unemployment?

Particular strata of society are faced with the predicament of unemployment during certain months of the year. These people either are left in-between jobs or are unemployed. Seasonal unemployment is a period when the demand for labour in a workforce is lower than normal. For example, a farmer or agriculturist occupies himself mainly in the process of sowing, harvesting, weeding, and threshing of crops. During the interim time, they are left to tend to the fields or take up other occupations to support their livelihood. Seasonal unemployment is a major factor in our country and has rendered several farmers unemployed for extended periods.

2. The Major Concern in India is the Low Rate of Employment of Educated Citizens. Justify?

Educated unemployment is one of the major millennial problems. It is described as the unemployment of matriculated, graduated, and postgraduate individuals in their specialized fields of interest. A major population of the youth in India graduate every year and are released into the economic market. They learn to develop necessary survival skills to compete in a career-driven environment. The employment generation in various sectors cannot keep up with the ever-increasing amount of graduates from educational institutions. Due to this, educated unemployment is a peculiar situation faced in India.

3. How will you explain the term unemployment?

According to Chapter 2 of Class 9 Economics, unemployment is a condition where people within a certain age group are not involved in a paid employment or service and still looking for an opportunity to be a part of any paid service. Unemployment is categorized into several parts - Demand Deficient, Frictional, Structural, and Voluntary Unemployment. People are unemployed due to many reasons including lack of opportunities, not able to fulfil the skills needed, or voluntarily staying unemployed.

4. In which field do you think India can build the maximum employment opportunity?

Agriculture is the oldest way of employment in India. It was the first option where employment began. India can build maximum employment in the field of agriculture and its related areas. Daily new advancements are coming in the agriculture sector to strengthen the crop quality and speed up the process. Agriculture and its related activities require the most employment. India can indulge the brain and willpower of youth in the agriculture sector to increase the productivity of qualified crops.

5. Which are the important topics in Chapter 2 of the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics?

Following are the important topics with the type of questions you will come across in the exam from NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 2:

  • Literacy rate for the economic development of a society - 1 short answer type question and 1 long answer type question

  • Health infrastructure for better disease management - 1 long answer type question

  • The problem of unemployment - 1 short answer type question and 1 long answer type question.

6. Why must students download the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 from Vedantu?

Students want solutions from which they can easily understand the concepts, the questions, and how to solve and write the solutions for them. Vedantu provides you with a systematic format for each question where you can easily understand the language and meaning of the question as well as its solution. You will get an idea of how to prepare your solution and what information is compulsory to add to the answer to score good marks. Moreover, the solutions are free of cost and can be a huge boon for the students. The solutions are also available on the Vedantu Mobile app, which makes them convenient and portable. The solutions can be accessed on the link, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 2.

7. What is the importance of employment in any country?

Employment helps in the development of a country. If most of the people are employed in a country, the progress rate of that country will be high as the government will use the money in developing good and better infrastructure. New opportunities will arise, allowing more people to get encouraged to earn and provide a good livelihood for themselves and their families.