CBSE Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Notes - Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and WildLife Resources

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Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and WildLife Resources Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 2 - PDF Download

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Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Notes talks about how different natural resources impact our human lives. We are surrounded by various natural resources including land, soil water etc. All these resources differ in variety from region to region. These resources determine our lifestyles to a large extent. You may be living in a thickly populated area, but there are regions which are sparsely populated or uninhabited. To learn more about topics such as land, soil, water, natural vegetation and wildlife resources, students can study chapter 2 of geography. The class 8 geography chapter 2 notes will provide deep insights on various natural resources including land, soil, natural vegetation and wildlife resources. Students should also properly go through NCERT class 8 geography chapter 2 notes for complete preparation for the exams.

CBSE Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Notes - Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and WildLife Resources part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are different methods for soil conversation?

Some of the methods for soil conservation are:

  • Mulching: It refers to covering the bare ground which gets directly exposed to weather conditions with a layer of organic matter like straw. 

  • Contour Barrier: These are contour strips which are made to slow down water movement. 

  • Rock Dam: A pile of rocks is made to stand in the way of water to slow down its flow. 

  • Terrace Farming: Wide strips or terraces are made on steep slopes to grow crops and support vegetation. 

  • Intercropping: To prevent the soil from rain wash, different crops are grown in alternate rows at different times of the year.

  • Contour Ploughing: this farming practice involves planting and ploughing at the elevation contour lines of the slope.

  • Shelterbelts: It refers to planting belts or rows of plants or trees to prevent soil cover from high winds.

2. What are the different uses of land?

There are various purposes of which land is used, including agriculture, forestry, constructions etc. The land use pattern is highly dependent on two factors, which are:

  • Physical Factors: These factors encompass topography, climate, minerals and availability of water. These are the key determinant factors when it comes to land use.

  • Human Factors: Factors like populations density and technological development determine to a large extent the land use pattern.

Apart from this, land can be broadly classified into private land, community land and based on ownership.