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Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter 1 - Resources


CBSE Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Important Questions Chapter 1 - Resources - Free PDF Download

Free PDF download of Important Questions with solutions for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter 1 - Resources prepared by expert Social Science teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books.  Every NCERT solution is provided to make the study simple and interesting on Vedantu. Subjects like Science, Maths, English ,Hindi and Social Science will become easy to study if you have access to NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science , Maths solutions and solutions of other subjects. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Last updated date: 30th May 2023
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Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Chapter 1- Resources

Very Short Answer Questions (1 Mark)

1. Fill in the blanks-

(i) Rocks and minerals are ______ resources.

(ii) Air is an ______ resource.

(iii) Careful and timely use of resources are called ______.

(iv) The resources which are being used today might have been a ______ resource yesterday.


(i) Abiotic

(ii) Ubiquitous

(iii) Resource conservation.

(iv) Potential 

2. State true and false.

(i) People are human made resources.

(ii) We should conserve our natural resources for future


(iii) Water is a renewable resource

(iv) Petroleum and coal are renewable resources.


(i) True

(ii) True

(iii) True

(iv) False

3. Match the following:

i. Resources

A renewable resource

ii. Windmill

Human made resource

iii. A vehicle

Biotic resource

iv. Plants and tress



(i) Utility

(ii) A renewable resource

(iii) Human made resource

(iv) Biotic resource

4. Choose the correct option

(i) Biotic resources are the resources which are _____.

(a) Made by human beings

(b) Derived from living things

(c) Derived from non-living things

(d) None of the above

Ans: (b) Derived from living things

(ii) ____ is a human made resource.

(a) Spring water

(b) Cancer treating medicines

(c) Tropical forests

(d) None of theses

Ans: (b) Cancer treating medicines

5. Define the Following

(i) Utility

(ii) Wind-Power


(i) If a substance can be used in different ways, it is called as utility.

(ii) The generation of electricity through wind turbines is called wind-power.

Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)

6. What do you mean by resource?

Ans: Resources are the things that satisfy human needs and consumptions.

7. What are the different types of resources?

Ans: Different types of resources are Natural resources, human resources and human made resources.

8. Describe abiotic resources.

Ans: Abiotic resources are those resources which consist of non-living things. These are non-renewable resources.

9. How can Humans make best use of natural resources?

Ans: Humans can make best use of Natural resources with knowledge, skill and technology.

10. What is a patent?

Ans: Patent is an exclusive right over any idea, thing and invention.

Short Answer Question (3 Marks)

11. What will happen if the natural resources disappear?

Ans: Disappearance of natural resources would mean destruction of all forms of life on this planet. This is the reason why planets other than earth are not suitable for the existence of life.

12. What do you mean by localized resources?

Ans: Localized resources are those resources that are found only in certain areas and are unavailable in other areas. Examples of localized resources are copper ore, iron ore, gold, etc.

13. What are Ubiquitous resources?

Ans: Ubiquitous resources or natural resources are those that are available naturally in all areas. The best example of a ubiquitous resource is air.

14. Define resource conservation.

Ans: Resource conservation is the cautious use of the natural resources so that they do not get exhausted for the future generations. In short, resource conservation implies saving resources for the future.

15. Define sustainable development.

Ans: Sustainable development means balancing between our needs to use the available resources and conserving these natural resources for the future generations.

Long Answer Questions (5 Marks)

16. The resources on earth are distributed unequally, why?

Ans: Since the earth has different topography at different places and enjoys varying climates and altitudes, it results in the unequal distribution of natural resources across the globe. It is due to this reason that there is water scarcity in one place and abundance in another. Similarly, the soil fertility is good in one place while it is not so good at another location.

17. Human resources are an important entity, why?

Ans: Human resources refer to people and their contributions. Human resources are important as they are skilled to be able to make the best use of nature in order to enhance the existing resources and also create more resources using the knowledge and technology that they possess. Hence, human resources are considered highly significant.

18. Describe the different types of Natural resources.

Ans: Natural resources are categorised in two types – 

Renewable Resources- Resources which do not depend on human consumption are called renewable resources. These resources get renewed with the use of humans. But there are some kinds of renewable resources that are affected by human consumption such as water, soil and forest.

Non-renewable Resources- Resources whose stock are limited are called as non-renewable resources. These resources decrease with human consumption. These resources take thousands of years to renew. Examples of such kinds of resources are coal and Petroleum.

19. What are the differences between actual and potential resources?

Ans: Potential resources are those resources that exist in a particular region and can be used in the future. Examples of potential resources are mineral oil, uranium, wind farms, etc. 

Actual resources are those resources that have been surveyed and measured and their quality and quantity have been calculated. Such resources are currently being used by humans. Examples of actual resources are petroleum and natural gas and coal.

20. Describe water as an indispensable form of resource.

Ans: Water is indispensable to the survival of all living things. Almost all living things require water for their survival. The poet thus refers to this important natural resource as the elixir of life as nothing would exist on this globe in the absence of water. Without water availability, living things like pearls, swans and dough cannot exist. Disappearance of this natural resource would thus mean destruction of all forms of life on this planet. This is the reason why planets other than earth are not suitable for the existence of life.

FAQs on Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter 1 - Resources

1. Why is Resource Development important?

Resources are essential for the development of all countries and their people. If we continue to consume all our resources without their development taking place, very soon they will be exhausted leaving nothing for the future generation. Resource Development is the way to help improve the utility, quality, and quantity of resources, further helping with the conservation of the resources for using them in the future.

2. What is Resource Development?

Our environment provides us with an abundance of resources that are essential and useful in our day-to-day lives. Examples of resources include fuel, air, water, etc. However, these resources need to be of the appropriate quality, usability, and utility in order to be consumed by humans. Resource development is the method to achieve these features for any resource by using the available technology, skills, and knowledge. The development of resources is meant to help humans improve their lives.

3. What are Localized Resources?

According to Chapter 1 of Class 8 Geography, resources that cannot be found easily at any given place have been classified as localized resources. This type of resource can be found only in a particular area or a local place, hence, is called localized. These resources are also observed to be unevenly distributed in different places around the world. Some examples of localized resources are silver, gold, and diamonds as they are found only concentrated in some specific areas.

4. What is meant by conservation of resources?

Natural Resources are the ones provided to us by nature. These resources are limited in quantity and take many years to replenish. Hence, using them at a greater rate can lead to their exhaustion for the future generation. To avoid this from happening, the conservation of resources is important. It is the method involving a cautious and careful use of our resources so that they have enough time to replenish for future generations.

5. Why should I refer to Important Questions for Chapter 1 of Class 8 Geography?

Geography is a subject that requires students to study a lot of classifications, definitions, differences, examples, etc., and Chapter 1 - Resources in Class 8 Geography includes many of these to be learned for your social science exam. Referring to important questions provided by Vedantu can help students prepare the definitions of concepts that have a higher probability of being asked in the exam. So, make sure you are thorough with the Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Geography Chapter 1. These important questions are available at free of cost on Vedantu( and mobile app.