UPA Full Form

What is UPA? 

UPA is an alliance of political parties in India which was founded by Ms Sonia Gandhi in 2004. She is the chairperson of the UPA ( United Progressive Alliance). The government had been established in 2004  with the help of some other political parties. This is how the UPA government came into the presence.

History Highlights: 

UPA was established immediately after the general election took place in 2004 with the majority votes. Different political parties had given support to UPA formation as Samajwadi party with 39 MPs, Bahujan Samajwadi party with 19 MPs and Left front with 59 MPs came forward to support for UPA at a different phase of rule. The policies of UPA government took place and at initial stage supervised by a common minimum programme that the alliance arrived in with beneficial consultations with Jyoti Basu and Harikishan Singh Surjeet of the 59 members of Left front, however, the government policies have been recognized as supporting status, indicating the centrist policy of INC ( Indian National Congress).

Brief of Supporting Parties of UPA: 

There are various political parties which are in and support UPA. 

  • Indian National Congress

  • Rashtriya Janata Dal 

  • Janata Dal (Secular)

  • Kerala congress

  • Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 

  • Shiv Sena

  • Nationalist Congress Party

  • All India United Democratic Fund

  • Jammu and Kashmir National Conference

UPA vs. NDA:

UPA: 

its an alliance of political party came into presence in the 2004 general election, the biggest member party of UPA is INC (Indian National Congress). Founder of UPA is Ms Sonia Gandhi. In this, there are a majority of other parties too included to give support to their extend. 

NDA: 

NDA (National Democratic Alliance) is governed by the BJP government. Its founder was late Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee along with their other party representatives includes Shri Lal Krishna Advani and Former Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi (as well as in current). This alliance rules from 1998 to 2004. Later again in 2014 general election NDA procured it power and it’s governing by Shri Narendra Modi.  

Party Eliminations: 

  • Bahujan Samaj party: 

BSP has made the declaration on June 21st  2008, to stop giving support to congress due to allegations or opposed made by them on BSP. Even though BSP leader Ms Mayawati put blame on Congress party of not keeping up the promises of helping Bundelkhand and Purvanchal people since they were suffering from drought. 

  • Telagana Rastriya Samithi: 

It was the very initial party who withdrawn its name from UPA.

  • Left Front: 

Prakash Karat General Secretary of Communist Party of India (Marxist) on July 2008 made a declaration of quitting the party alliance because of the decision made by the government to go forward with Indo -Us nuclear deal signed between both the countries. 

  • Jammu and Kashmir People Democratic Party: 

Mehbooba Mufti the President of Jammu and Kashmir People Democratic Party declared to leave the UPA, given reason was that the congress had made up a mind to extend its supporting hands for Omar Abdullah led National Conference government in Jammu and Kashmir.   

  • Pattali Makkal Katchi: 

PMK  announced its withdrawal from UPA on March 26th 2009and moved to join AIADMK.   

  • All India Majlis- e- Ittehadul Muslimeen:

Barrister Assaudin Owaisi leader of AIMIM announced on November 12th 2012 to quit UPA. He gave the statement that he was imposed to take the decision because of the communal behaviour of Kiran Kumar Reddy’s government in Andhra Pradesh.  

  • All India Trinamool Congress: 

AITC chief Mamta Banerjee declared of withdrawing support to the UPA on November 12th 2012, when AITC requests of call of reforms inclusive FDI retail, a surge in the price of diesel and confining the number of subsidised gas cylinders, and all the above demands were not fulfilled.

Brief on Indian national Congress (INC):

The Indian National Congress is a political party was founded in 1885, led by Ms Sonia Gandhi as a chairperson. Just after the Independence in 1947, congress emerged as India’s powerful political party. INC won a majority votes and ruled India over 54 years. From 2004- 2014 UPA (United Progressive Alliance) an alliance of congress along with major various political parties has formed the government led by Manmohan Singh (Prime Minister). The leader Sonia Gandhi has the longest journey as President of INC party.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Full Form of UPA?

Ans: UPA is known as United progressive Alliance. 

2. What is UPA?

Ans:  UPA is an alliance of political parties in India which was founded by Ms Sonia Gandhi in 2004. She is the chairperson of the UPA ( United Progressive Alliance). The government had been established in 2004  with the help of some other political parties. This is how the UPA government came into the presence.

3. Who are the Supporting Parties in UPA?

Ans: Indian National Congress

  • Rashtriya Janata Dal 

  • Janata Dal (Secular)

  • Kerala congress

  • Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

4. What is the Difference Between UPA and NDA?

Ans: UPA is an alliance of political party came into presence in the 2004 general election, the biggest member party of UPA is INC (Indian National Congress). Founder of UPA is Ms Sonia Gandhi. Whereas NDA (National Democratic Alliance) is governed by the BJP government. Its founder was late Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee along with their other party representatives includes Shri Lal Krishna Advani and Former Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi (as well as in current). This alliance rules from 1998 to 2004.