IC Full Form

What is the Full Form of IC in English?

The abbreviation IC stands for Integrated Circuit. It is a tiny chip that takes up the functions of an oscillator, amplifier, microprocessor, timer and even computer memory. Constructed with a semiconductor material, it houses an assortment of microscopic elements like diodes, transistors, resistors and capacitors. All these components are integrated to form a singular unit on the silicon IC. 

A Brief Look Into the History of the Integrated Circuit:

The rise of the Integrated Circuit that is the full form of IC dates back to 1958. Jack Kilby, in the year 1957, proposed the primitive idea to the US Air Force. He successfully demonstrated its functions on 12th of September 1958. It can be said that the very first customer of the IC was the US Air Force. The invention of the Integrated circuit fetched Kilby a Nobel Prize in Physics. Experimenting with improved production methods, Robert Noyce came up with the first authentic monolithic IC chip, exactly six months after Kilby. 

Let us Get to Know the Classifications:

The Integrated Circuits that is the IC full form, has undergone various development procedures to finally get classified into:

  • Small Scale Integration (SSI): This variety contains 100 transistors per chip. Early aerospace projects used the Small Scale Integration Circuits. 

  • Medium Scale Integration (MSI): This comes with more than hundreds of transistors. The number can rise to a thousand. Going through a lot of modifications, by the end of the 1960s, the chip came with hundreds of MOSFETs 

  • Large Scale Integration (LSI): By the mid of 1970, the large-scale integration (LSI) came into being with more than thousands of transistors per chip, hundreds of thousands can be the number. 

  • Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI): The Very Large Scale Integration circuit came into existence around 1980, holding transistors numbering up to hundred thousand to one million per IC 

  • Ultra-large Scale Integration (ULSI): These are the ICs with millions or billions of transistors 

Further, you will find two more varieties, such as the Digital IC and the Analogue IC or even a combination of the two, making the new 3rd variety. 

Let us Look at the Good Side of the ICs:

To sum up the goodness of the Integrated circuit, or to say the full form of IC, we can say the following:

  • You can rely on them

  • It increases the operating speed as the parasitic and the capacitance effect are absent in them

  • Due to its compactness, it feeds on low power. 

  • They are light in weight

  • These are perfect for small signal operations

Some of the Disadvantages:

Every good thing comes with a downside too. We have jotted a few of the disadvantages of the IC down below:

  • Only a limited amount of power can be handled by them

  • You cannot engineer the indicators or the coils

  • It does not exhibit low voltage and low noise

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1: What is the Work of the IC?

Ans: Integrated Circuit. An integrated circuit, or IC, is a small chip that can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, microprocessor, or even computer memory. An IC is a small wafer, usually made of silicon, that can hold anywhere from hundreds to millions of transistors, resistors, and capacitors. 

Q2: What is IC on TV?

Ans: An integrated circuit (IC), sometimes called a chip or microchip, is a semiconductor wafer on which thousands or millions of tiny resistors, capacitors, and transistors are fabricated. Linear ICs are used as audio-frequency (AF) and radio-frequency (RF) amplifiers. 

Q3: How to Identify Integrated Circuit Chips?

Ans: 

  1. Identify the manufacturer first. Sometimes the company name is printed on the IC, but others may be obscure symbols. 

  2. Look up data sheets in the manufacturer's printed catalogue. This may be most beneficial when trying to identify an obsolete part. 

  3. Lookup a part number in an electronic retailer's catalogue