WBC Full Form

Composition and Meaning of WBC

The full meaning of wbc is white blood cell and is also known as leukocyte or white blood corpuscle. These types of blood cells are produced in the bone marrow and are regularly found in the blood and lymph tissues. 

These blood cells are part of your immune system and help your body fight infections. Granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes are all part of WBC’s.  A complete blood cell test or CBT counts the number of WBC in the body. A low quote of WBC might lead to diseases. 

Types of WBC in the Body

The different compositions of WBC are discussed below:

1. Neutrophils

Neutrophils make up almost 50% of WBC count. They are the first line of defense to your immune system that responds to bacteria or viruses. These are also the primary cells that are present in pus. They live around 8 hours after being released from the bone marrow but produce around 100 billion every day. 

2. Eosinophils

These are the 2nd most important element and play a significant role in fighting bacteria. Eosinophils are an important defender for bacteria and allergy viruses but sometimes it goes overboard with its role. This part mounts an immune response even against something like pollen. 

3. Basophils

They account for only 1% of white blood cells (WBC full form). These cells form an immune response against pathogens and play an important part in asthma. Basophils release a chemical called histamine that results in inflammation and bronchoconstriction in the airways. 

4. Lymphocytes

The T cells of lymphocytes are responsible for killing foreign invaders. B lymphocytes are responsible for humoral immunity and stand in sharp contrast to other types of WBC’s. These cells release antibodies that remember an infection and protect your body when it recurs. B lymphocytes form the major part of the defense system but T lymphocytes also act as an important determinant. 

5. Monocytes

Monocytes makeup around 5-12% of white blood cells and act as a cleaner of dead cells. They migrate in the blood tissues and act as garbage trucks. 

What is a White Blood Cell Count Test?

A white blood cell count measures the number of WBC in your body. Sometimes your blood count calls fall or rise and it’s important to maintain a healthy range. A normal WBC count is shown below:

  1. Newborns – 9000-30000

  2. Children under 2 years – 6200-17000

  3. Children over 2 and adults – 5000-10000

Elevated WBC Results Due to:

  • Infections

  • Cancers

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • The trauma of any kind like fractures

  • Pregnancy

  • Asthma and allergies

  • Normal rise due to exercise

You Can also Experience Low WBC Count Due to:

  • Severe rashes, allergies, and infections

  • Bone marrow damage, bone marrow disease or metastatic cancer

  • Autoimmune disease like lupus

  • Spleen accumulation of white blood cells

WBC is an important component of your blood and it’s important to maintain a healthy range. So, it is important to develop a sound immune system, maintain health, and go for regular checkups.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What do You Mean by White Blood Cells?

The full form of WBC is the white blood cell. It is an important component of your blood and acts as the first line of defense against any disease.

2. Do Antibiotics Lower WBC Count?

In some cases, WBC count is lowered due to excessive intake of antibiotics. These can also damage the bone marrow and lead to an abnormal drop in neutrophils and cause neutropenia. 

3. Does Stress Impact WBC Count?

Stress decreases the body’s lymphocytes, the cells that fight infections. You will have difficulty fighting bacteria in case of lower lymphocytes.