FAX Full Form

Guide to Fax Full Form and Meaning 

The full meaning of fax is a facsimile and it’s a widely used machine for sending and receiving data. In detail, a fax is the wired transmission of scanned copies of text or images assisted by a telephone number attached to a printer or any other output device. 

The technology of the fax machine was invented a long time back. However, it didn’t become popular until the 1980s. Although the invention of modern internet has rendered faxing obsolete yet many businesses still rely on this old technology. 

History About Fax in Nutshell

Fax abbreviation for facsimile has evolved through many versions before getting its current structure. 

Alexander Bain is created with the invention of the Fax machine. Between 1843-46 he developed an experimental version by synchronizing the oscillations of two pendulums inside a clock and scanning an image with the motion. Although the image developed yet it was of poor quality. 

However, the first successful commercial application was developed by Giovanni Caselli with the aid of his Pantelegraph. The fax machine became modern with the invention of wireless technology and 3d color images. By the 1980s fax became a truly universal form of communication. 

Features of Fax Machine 

Some common applications are performed by fax machines. These are:

  • Modern fax machines are equipped with print, scan and copying technologies

  • Some are even equipped to forward a copy of a fax to an email id without the necessity of printing

  • Fax machines can also run on wireless technology like Wifi or Bluetooth

  • You can have dual numbers on the same phone line and it's understood by the fax machine

  • The inbuilt memory inside a fax helps to store information

  • Although the commonest paper sizes are A4, Legal and letter yet many are capable of accommodating various sizes

What Happens Inside a Fax Machine?

Let’s look inside the fax machine and uncover hidden truths:

  • You need to put the page inside the input slot and the rollers pull it inside

  • Once the paper is rolled down a bright light shines on it. White areas reflect more light and dark areas none

  • The light reflecting off the page transfers to a light detecting device

  • It then turns the analog input pattern into a numeric pattern and passes the information to an electric circuit

  • Information is sent down the telephone wire to the fax machine at the receiving end

  • The process happens the reverse way when you receive a fax

  • An automatic blade tears the page and you receive your message

Fax has been largely replaced by it’s more advanced version email. Yet there are some disadvantages of email that have kept fax relevant still today. Fax machines find wide applications in hospitals, legal, and police departments as they are more secured compared to emails. 

There is no doubt that fax machines will be outclassed but it will never be outdated. There is hope that more modern versions of this technology will see the light shortly. 


FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Does the Term Fax Mean?

Fax stands for facsimile and uses telephonic transmission to receive scanned copies of documents. The receiver converts the coded image and prints the final copy

2. Does Google Offer Fax Service?

There is an online fax service offered by Google. So, you can use Google account or email and signup to use the technology.

3. Can You Fax Without a Machine?

Yes, it’s quite possible to fax without a machine. Google Docs uses IntraFax service so send online faxes. Open your Google Document, then click on the Fax This option. It is quite simple and can be performed by anyone.