The rising population has been causing several issues related to environmental resources, food, employment, etc. To control all these issues, the population needs to be controlled. Thankfully, the antibiotic revolution has been playing a significant role to provide people with a long and healthy life. The expectancy of life has significantly doubled up in today’s times. Adding, with the concept of family planning and using antifertility drugs, the population can be controlled to a greater extent.
Antifertility drugs are nothing but birth control pills which are essentially a mixture of artificial derivatives of estrogen and progesterone, which are hormones. Progesterone is known to suppress the process of ovulation. Adding, the artificial derivatives of progesterone are known to be more potent than the hormone itself. An example of a synthetic progesterone derivative is norethindrone which is amongst the most commonly used antifertility drugs.
Today, we will discuss in detail what antifertility drugs are.
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What is an Antifertility Drug?
When two people indulge in family planning, it makes for a perfect decision about having a child at the right time and maintaining a proper age difference between the first and the second child. Family planning also helps in avoiding pregnancy and helps to control the population. It also avoids the health risks that are associated with newborns like premature births. Antifertility drugs are one of the essential components of family planning.
An antifertility drug is a chemical substance that helps in suppressing the hormonal actions which promote fertility in women. These drugs reduce the chances of fertility by acting as protection. These antifertility drugs are either made from the derivatives of artificial progesterone or a combination of both the synthetic derivatives of estrogen and progesterone.
Antifertility drugs are generally known to be synthetic hormones. When these drugs are ingested, the mucus of the cervix tends to thicken up. This, in turn, makes it hard for the sperm to enter the uterus of the female and fertilize the egg. Therefore, the chances of pregnancy get reduced. Ovulation in women is suppressed by the hormone progesterone. However, the synthetic or the artificial progesterone derivative is proven to be more potent than the naturally occurring progesterone. Norethindrone is a synthetic progesterone derivative, whereas ethynylestradiol is a mixture of both the estrogen and progesterone derivatives.
Benefits of Antifertility Drugs
There are no significant side effects of these antifertility drugs. The only issue to be known is weight gain. When they are taken in the proper dosage, these drugs are useful and have many advantages.
Given Below Are the Benefits of Antifertility Drugs.
1. Antifertility drugs do not cause any interference with sexual activities. Also, the risk of getting pregnant is reduced.
2. Antifertility drugs might even reduce menstrual bleeding.
3. One can take these drugs immediately after childbirth.
4. The chances of uterine cancer are reduced when these medicines are taken as a long-term dosage.
5. These drugs also tend to protect against many pelvic inflammatory diseases.
6. Progesterone is an anti-inflammatory drug and helps in regulating the immune system.
However, the thing to keep in mind is that the person shouldn’t take it without consulting a doctor. Also, the cycles of these drugs should be continued and maintained.
Relevance of studying about Antifertility drugs
Antifertility drugs suppress the action of those hormones that promote pregnancy. They act as a contraceptive. All students of Science who want to pursue the subject in their later years will need to know about Antifertility drugs.
Students looking to get into pharma, medicine, Research, and the like will also need to know about Antifertility drugs. These drugs and their compositions need to be understood by them so that the principles on which they work can be deciphered. It is important for all students to understand the logic behind why certain components work in the manner in which they do.