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As we know that around three-fourths of the earth’s surface is covered with water and around 96.5% of the global water resources come from the oceans and seas only. But the total volume of usable freshwater is around 2.5%  and stored groundwater is 30% only. Many research has shown that by 2026, India, along with many other countries will face a serious scarcity of water. Many regions in our country are already under ‘water stress’. (‘water stress’ happens when the available water falls below 1000 cubic meters per person per day). Let’s discuss some water conservation methods and management.

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What is Water Management?

The activity to control water resources in order to minimize the damage of property and life and also to maximize the efficient use is termed as water management or in simple words It can be termed as the process of planning, developing, and distributing for the optimum use of water resources under defined water policies and regulations.  With the rapid increase in the population of the world to over more than 6 billion people from the past few years, the use of water has also increased up to 500%. Water is an essential resource for life on earth not only for humans but for plants and animals also, and it must be conserved. In fact, historically also, humans had learned some techniques to conserve the available water resources by building dams, Using Drip irrigation, doing Water harvesting, etc.

Water Conservation Introduction

The most common misconception people believe is, water is replenishable and will be around us forever. The reality is, many of them are uneducated about the conservation of water resources. If we do not do something now to conserve water, Our future generations will not be able to have access to pure water. By doing proper planning, water can be supplied to many places regularly in town or city. But many times some amount of water is wasted through leakage of pipe and many other reasons. As we know that proper water management is necessary for water conservation methods. Thus, it is important for CWA authorities to take proper care of these problems while distributing water to our homes.

Most of the rainwater gets wasted even though it is one of the most precious natural resources. Farmers can play an important role in water conservation methods by using suitable techniques like rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation. 

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Water Conservation and Management

The different methods of water conservation are:

Rainwater Harvesting:

It is the process of collection and storage of rainwater, rather than allowing it to run off. Rainwater is collected from the roof and is redirected to a tank, reservoir, cistern, etc.

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Groundwater Harvesting: 

It is a method for saving water placed under the ground to control the groundwater flow in an aquifer and to raise the water table.

Drip Irrigation

It is a type of irrigation that saves water and fertilizer by dripping water slowly to the roots of various crops, either on the soil surface or directly to the root zone, through a network of pipes, tubing, and valves. This process saves more water compared to the traditional watering method.


Dams are simple hydraulic structures that act as a barrier between the source and destination of flowing water. Earlier times, these dams were very small and hand-made while in modern times, new engineering techniques and methods are used to construct large dams.

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Water-wise Habits

There are various good habits to conserve water for a long time. Some of them are Fixing leaky taps. Keeping the tap closed while brushing, taking a shower of 5 mins instead of long baths are a few examples of saving water.

The Indian practice in old times of cleaning water using brass vessels is well known and still continues. Even today also water filter systems made from brass are very common. Older people in India use brass pots in the evening to store water and drink it during the daytime.

As time passes many technological devices are being developed to minimize water wastage, the impact will be greater if each and every individual starts contributing to water conservation by minimizing or optimizing the use of groundwater for daily work. Today, water management is becoming extremely important. Water management often involves modifying policies, such as drainage levels of groundwater, or allocating water for different purposes.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Question: What is Water Conservation? Why is it Important?

Answer: Water conservation includes all the planning, strategies, and activities done to manage freshwater as a sustainable resource to meet the current and future demand.

Water Conservation is Important because of the Following Reasons:

1. Water is required for the survival of plants, animals, and humans.

2. As we know 97 percent of the earth is saltwater which is not fit for drinking. only three percent of water is freshwater and only one percent is available for drinking water the other two percent is available as ice and glaciers.

3. We use water in making electricity, for cleaning, cooking, irrigation, bathing, etc.

4. We must preserve water so that it will be available for our future generations.

5. It is important to save water to sustain life on earth as we know that World Population is increasing at an alarming rate.

Question: Write down Five Water Conservation Techniques.

Answer: 5 Methods of Water Conservation are:

  • Turn Off the Tap While Brushing Your Teeth & Washing  Hands.

  • Avoid Keeping The Tap Running While Washing Clothes or utensils.

  • Take a Shower of 5 Minutes or Less instead of a long bath.

  • By practicing rainwater harvesting to reduce the wastage of rainwater.

  • Installing flow-restricting showerheads to save water during showers.

Question: What is the Importance of the Conservation of Water?

Answer: The conservation and management of water resources are important because::

  • The water resources are getting polluted because of several human activities so they must be conserved.

  • The conservation of Water can solve the problems of scarcity of water for future generations.

  • Water should be conserved for agricultural processes also.