CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 3 Notes - Ruling the Countryside


Ruling the Countryside Class 8 Notes History Chapter 3 - PDF Download

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On 12 August 1765, the East India Company became the Diwan of Bengal. As Diwan, the Company became the chief financial administrator of the region under its control. The Company required to organise its revenue and administer the land resources. It needed to be done in a way that could generate enough income to meet the growing expenses of the Company.

CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 3 Notes - Ruling the Countryside part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Explain the Areas of Conflict Between the East India Company and Bengal Nawabs.

Ans: The Bengal nawabs declared their autonomy and power and rejected to grant the Company concessions. They stopped the Company from spreading its reinforcements. Accusing the Company as fraud, they demanded that the Company was divesting the Bengal government for vast amounts of revenue and threatening the nawab’s authority. The Company was denying to pay taxes, addressing discourteous letters, and trying to disrespect the nawab and his officials. These were the areas of conflict between the East India Company and Bengal Nawabs.

Q2. Define the Mahalwari System.

Ans: Holt Mackenzie introduced the Mahalwari System in 1822. This system was devised mainly to raise revenue from the villages, which were also known as ‘Mahal’. In the Mahalwari System, the village headman was in command of raising funds. The revenue was to be updated systematically. In the Mahalwari System, the expected revenue of each plot within a village was summed up to calculate the income that each Mahal had to repay.