In this chapter of Class 8, students will get an overview of crafts and industries that existed during the British Rule. The chapter entirely focuses on two sectors- the steel and iron industries. Both of these industries played a fundamental role in the industrial revolution during the modern world. Mechanized production of these cotton textiles gave Britain a noteworthy recognition as the foremost industrial nation back in the 19th century. Students can refer to the weavers iron smelters and factory owners notes to learn thoroughly about this chapter and the vitality of steel and iron industries during the British rule.