CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 2 Notes - From Trade to Territory

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From Trade to Territory Class 8 Notes History Chapter 2 - PDF Download

History is a critical subject of the CBSE syllabus. The students should study history to know the place, the country, the world very well. As students are the future citizens of a country, they will form the society and run the country in future. To conduct the system of the country, they have to know the history of it. By knowing the history of a country, the students can form a better country to live. That is why CBSE included Indian history in the syllabus of class 8 Social Science. Class 8 history chapter 2 notes provide trading and Territory concepts to the students. They get to know about the starting of the British kingdom from NCERT class 8 history chapter 2 notes.

CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 2 Notes - From Trade to Territory part-1

Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade To Territory Notes

Beginning of Trade In India

Many trading companies from different countries come to India for their trading business. They looked for new lands and bought cheap goods for their businesses. Different trading companies came from Portugal, France, England, some other western countries. This trading business started at the kingdom of Mughal governors and zamindars after Aurangzeb's death in 1707.

East India Company Comes India

Among all the trading companies, the East India Company of England was the most powerful in India. In 1600, this company came to India with the charter from Queen Elizabeth (ruler of England) to have the sole right of trading in the East. According to the character, they roamed around the oceans and bought cheaper goods and then they carried them to Europe and sold at a higher price. The things they bought were pepper, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, silk, cotton, etc. In 1651, East India Company started their businesses in Bengal. In 1696, The Company built a port around the factories in Bengal. They started demanding more concessions in business and manipulated the business of Bengal.

Trading Transforms Into Battle

East India company started demanding more concessions from the nawabs of Bengal. For the convenience of the Bengal business market, the nawabs refused to grant these concessions. The company was trying to capture the Bengal market along with the kingdom. For these reasons, a conflict started between the East India Company and the nawab of Bengal. This conflict led the company and the nawab towards the battle of Plassey.

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The Battle of Plassey

In 1756, Siraj Ud Daulah became the nawab of Bengal. Nawab Siraj Ud Daulah got to know about the company's strategy and asked them to stop interfering in political issues. The company was not satisfied with the decision of nawab regarding the business and kingdom. The commander of Bengal helped the company and was against the nawab in the battle of Plassey. In 1757, Robert Clive sent the company's army against the nawab, and the Battle of Plassey began. The company won the battle against Siraj Ud Daulah, the nawab of Bengal. The company expanded the trade by becoming the Diwan of Bengal in 1965. 

East India Company Becomes The Ruler of India

After the Battle of Plassey, the company started forcing the actual nawabs of Bengal and made the business easy in Bengal. In 1764, the Mughal emperor appointed Robert Clive as the governor of Bengal to remove all the corruption in company administration. From 1757 to 1857, many changes occurred between the company and the kingdom of Bengal and other provinces. Gradually, the company started interfering in economic and political issues of other provinces also. The company fought many battles such as the Battle of Buxar, four battles against Mysore with the ruler of different provinces. Thus, the company captured Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Agra, Delhi, Mumbai and others one by one. Finally, East India Company won the battle of 1857 and became the ruler of 63 per cent territory and 78 per cent population of India. Thus, East India Company transformed into a colonial territorial power from a British trading company.

Class 8 History Chapter 2 Notes

Trade to territory class 8 notes is crucial for the history syllabus. To score well in a history exam, the students should read the trade to territory class 8 notes sincerely. To have a good capture on this chapter, the students should follow class 8 history chapter 2 notes pdf, from trade to territory class 8 notes, from trade to territory class 8 ppt and from trade to territory class 8 pdf.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is it crucial to follow class 8 history chapter 2 notes?

Class 8 social science history chapter 2 is all about the East India Company's transform from a trading company to territorial power. The Central Board of Secondary Education included the starting of the British Kingdom in India and its history in the class 8 syllabus. The students will get to know about their country's history. Knowing history is essential for the students. Also, they will score well by reading their history chapters of the syllabus. The students have to read this chapter sincerely. To have explicit knowledge of this chapter, the students should read the CBSE class 8 history chapter 2 notes. Thus, they can attend the questions of this chapter efficiently.

2. Describe the trading to territory concept briefly.

Here, the trading to territory concept refers to the East India Company's journey from trade to territory. East India Company came here for trading business with the sole right. After some days, they started demanding high concessions from the nawab of Bengal. Also, they started interfering in political issues of Bengal. The company won the Battle of Plassey against the nawab demanding trade expansion. After that, the company came to power in Bengal province. Gradually, the company started capturing Bihar, Orissa, Mysore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Agra, Delhi and other provinces of India. In 1857, the company became the ruler of India, and the territory of Britain started in India.

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