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Light, Shadows and Reflections Class 6 Notes CBSE Science Chapter 11 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 28th Feb 2024
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Revision Notes for CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 11 - Free PDF Download

Free PDF download of Class 6 Science Chapter 11 - Light, Shadows and Reflections Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by expert Science teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. Register Online for NCERT Solutions Class 6 Science tuition on to score more marks in your examination. Vedantu is a platform that provides free CBSE Solutions (NCERT) and other study materials for students. Maths Students who are looking for the better solutions ,they can download Class 6 Maths NCERT Solutions to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. 

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Access Class 6 Science Chapter 11 – Light, Shadows and Reflection Notes

Definition of Light

Light is a form of invisible energy, perceived by eyes when scattered by small dust particles that stimulate sight and makes things visible. 

Due to the scattering of light, other objects are visible. 

Light and the eyes both are necessary to see things. 

The sensation caused by light that helps us to see things is called sight or vision.

Sources of Light

  1. Natural: sources that have their own energy to create light.

For example Sun, stars, candle flames etc. 

  1. Artificial: The man-made sources of light are called artificial sources of light. 

For example light bulbs, tube lights, torch etc.

Classification of Light: On the Basis of Its Emission.

  1. Luminous Objects: Objects which emit light of their own are called luminous objects.

For example sun, torch, candle flame. 

  1. Non-Luminous Objects: Objects which do not have the light of their own and are visible due to reflection or scattering of light are called non-luminous objects.

Example: moon, rainbow, table etc. 

Optical media and its types

Optical Media: Any substance through which light travels is called optical media.

  1. Transparent Object: a substance through which light passes without any obstruction is called a transparent object. Objects seen through them are clearly visible.
    For example glass, water, air etc.

  2. Translucent Object: a substance that obstructs some part of the light and the light cannot pass through them completely is called a translucent object.

          For example butter paper, etched glass etc. 

  1. Opaque Object: a substance that does not allow light to pass through it is called an opaque object. 

For example wood, metal etc. 

Definition of Shadow

A shadow is the 'region of the absence of light' caused by an object which does not allow light to pass. As light travels in a straight line, the light obstructed by the object causes a dark region with no light.

A shadow is formed in the presence of a light source.

Opaque and translucent objects which restrict the light to pass through them form a shadow, transparent objects do not produce a shadow. 

Properties of a shadow

Due to Size of Light Source:

A. Due to the smaller (point) light source: Only one dark shadow is formed. This is known as the umbra. 

B. Due to larger(extended) light source: number of shadows formed are two, a dark one in the centre and a light one on the of the direction of propagation of light;

  • A dark shadow is called the umbra.

  • A faint or lighter shadow is called a penumbra.

The size of these shadows depends upon the positioning of the screen with respect to the object. The size of the umbra decreases and the penumbra increases as the screen is moved away from the object and vice-versa. 

Colour of Shadow:

The colour of the shadow is black due to the absence of light, irrespective of the colour of the object. 

Length of the Shadow:

The length of the shadow depends on the angle at which light is incident on an object. For example, the length of a person's shadow decreases as the sun rises overhead.


A shadow is formed in space which makes the sun or the moon invisible for some duration. Eclipse is the phenomenon of overshading a bright object with another object. 

Types of the Eclipse: 

  1. Solar Eclipse: The moon comes between the sun and the earth during its revolution around the earth, which causes darkness on the earth (in the shadow) during the day.

  2. Lunar Eclipse: The sun, moon and the earth are in a straight line such that the earth comes in between the sun and the moon and obstructs the light of the sun to reach the moon, that is, the shadow of the earth falls on the moon and the moon is not visible. 

Definition of Reflection of Light: 

The bouncing back of a light ray after striking an object at some angle is known as reflection. We see our image in a mirror after reflection. The objects around us are visible due to the reflection of light.

Significance of Light, Shadows and Reflections Class 6 Notes CBSE Science Chapter 11 (Free PDF Download)

The significance of "Light, Shadows, and Reflections" Class 6 CBSE Science Chapter 11 notes, available as free PDF downloads, is paramount in the realm of science education. These notes simplify intricate scientific concepts related to the behavior of light, shadows, and reflections, making them accessible and comprehensible for young learners. 

They provide clarity and depth to the subject, helping students grasp the fundamental principles that govern the fascinating world of optics. Moreover, these notes stimulate curiosity and critical thinking by presenting real-life examples and practical applications. Being available as free PDF downloads ensures that educational resources are easily accessible to all students, promoting equitable learning opportunities. In essence, these notes enrich the learning experience, nurturing both scientific knowledge and a sense of wonder about the mysteries of light, shadows, and reflections in our daily lives.

How Do Light, Shadows and Reflections Affect Our Daily Life? 

Light, shadows, and reflections play a significant and often unnoticed role in our daily lives, influencing several aspects of our experiences and interactions with the world.

1. Visibility: Light is essential for visibility. It enables us to see our surroundings, recognize objects, and navigate safely, whether it's daylight illuminating the streets or artificial light in our homes.

2. Time Management: Shadows are vital indicators of time, helping us determine the time of day. Sundials, for instance, rely on the movement of shadows to tell time accurately.

3. Safety: Light and shadows are critical for safety. Reflectors, road signs, and traffic lights utilize the principles of reflection and shadows to guide and protect motorists and pedestrians.

4. Art and Aesthetics: In art and architecture, the interplay of light and shadows is used to create depth, texture, and atmosphere. Lighting design in homes, theaters, and public spaces is an essential aspect of aesthetics.

5. Technology: Light is the basis of technologies like cameras, projectors, and optical fibers, which have revolutionized communication, entertainment, and healthcare.

6. Scientific Exploration: In scientific research, light and its properties are crucial. Microscopes, telescopes, and spectrometers rely on the behavior of light for various scientific observations.

In summary, light, shadows, and reflections are integral to our daily existence, affecting our perception, safety, aesthetics, technology, and scientific understanding. They demonstrate the profound impact that scientific principles can have on our everyday lives.


The Class 6 CBSE Science Chapter 11 notes on "Light, Shadows, and Reflections," available as free PDF downloads, are invaluable educational resources. These notes simplify the complex concepts of optics, making them accessible to young learners. They provide comprehensive coverage of the chapter, ensuring a well-rounded understanding of the subject matter. Moreover, these notes foster critical thinking and practical application of scientific principles. Being accessible as free PDF downloads ensures equitable access to quality educational materials. Ultimately, these notes enrich the learning experience, instilling a profound appreciation for the intriguing phenomena of light, shadows, and reflections that shape our world and our understanding of it.

FAQs on Light, Shadows and Reflections Class 6 Notes CBSE Science Chapter 11 (Free PDF Download)

1. What is Chapter 11 of Class 6 Science based on?

Chapter 11 “Light, Shadows and Reflections” of Class 6 Science, as the name suggests, is based on the concepts of light, shadows and reflection. The NCERT book simply describes and defines the concepts and gives an insight on the topics like sources of light and their types and functions, types of optical media and it further explains the concept of shadows along with its properties. It provides easy to understand notes, making it easier for students to learn these concepts.

2. What are the characteristics of light according to Science Chapter 11 Class 6?

Light is said to be the natural mechanism that enables one's sight and makes things visible. It is an invisible form of energy and its path is seen through scattered dust particles in the atmosphere. Light itself is not visible but it makes other things visible. There are many sources of light, some natural and some man-made that enable sight. The main source of light in the universe is the sun. Other sources of light include stars, candles, and electric torches.

3. How are shadows formed as given in  Class 6 Science Chapter 11?

The NCERT book provides an easy definition of the concept of shadow. It explains the formation of shadow and the types and characteristics of shadow formed. According to the definition, any obstacle in the way of light casts a shadow, it is the region of the absence of light. When any obstacle cuts off the light coming from a source, a shadow is cast. Shadows can be classified as umbra and penumbra, based on the extent of the source. To know more students can visit the Vedantu app or website.

4. What are optical media?

Light is known to enable sight and make objects visible to us. Optical media are defined as objects that enable light to pass through them completely or partially. There are three types of optical media. The first is a transparent medium, which allows light to pass through it completely. The second type is translucent medium, which allows light to pass through it partially. The third type is an opaque medium that does not let light pass through it at all.

5. What is an eclipse as given in Chapter 11 of Class 6 Science?

Chapter 11 “Light, Shadows and Reflection” of Class 6 Science is based on the concept of light and shadows and everything regarding that. An eclipse is defined as the overshadowing of a bright object, or a shadow in space that renders the sun and the moon invisible for a while. An eclipse is of two types - solar and lunar. A solar eclipse occurs on a new moon day and a lunar eclipse occurs on a full moon day. To know more about this chapter, students can download the revision notes free of cost from the Vedantu website.