What is the value of $\tan {{\text{5}}^0}\tan 2{{\text{5}}^0}\tan {30^0}\tan 6{{\text{5}}^0}\tan
 8{{\text{5}}^0} = $
  \left( a \right){\text{ 1}} \\
  \left( b \right){\text{ }}\dfrac{1}{2} \\
  \left( c \right){\text{ }}\sqrt 3 \\
  \left( d \right){\text{ }}\dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }} \\

Answer Verified Verified
Hint- Use the basic trigonometric identity of $\tan (90 - \theta ) = \cot \theta $
Now we have to find the value of $\tan {{\text{5}}^0}\tan 2{{\text{5}}^0}\tan {30^0}\tan
 6{{\text{5}}^0}\tan 8{{\text{5}}^0}$
Using $\tan {30^0} = \dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}$above we get
\[{\text{tan}}{{\text{5}}^0}{\text{tan2}}{{\text{5}}^0}\left( {\dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}}
Now we can write \[{\text{tan6}}{{\text{5}}^0}\]as \[{\text{tan}}\left( {90 - 25} \right)\]and similar concept we will to \[{\text{tan8}}{{\text{5}}^0}\]
Thus we get
\[{\text{tan}}{{\text{5}}^0}{\text{tan2}}{{\text{5}}^0}\left( {\dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}} \right){\text{tan}}\left(
 {90 - 25} \right){\text{tan}}\left( {90 - 5} \right)\]
Using the concept that $\tan (90 - \theta ) = \cot \theta $ we can rewrite the above as
\[{\text{tan}}{{\text{5}}^0}{\text{tan2}}{{\text{5}}^0}\left( {\dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}}
 \right){\text{cot2}}{{\text{5}}^0}\cot {5^0}\]
As $\tan \theta = \dfrac{1}{{\cot \theta }}$
The above equation is simplified to \[\left( {\dfrac{1}{{\sqrt 3 }}} \right)\]
So option (d) is the right answer.

Note- The key concept that we need to recall every time we solve such type of problem is that always try
 and convert one angle into other by subtracting or even sometimes adding it with the number that can
 help changing the trigonometric term in order to cancel them with other terms to reach to the
 simplified answer.

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