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Aromatization of n-hexane gives:
(A) Benzene
(B) Toluene
(C) Methane
(D) A mixture of octanes

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: n-hexane is normal hexane or hexane and is a straight chain alkane having six carbon atoms. It has the molecular formula ${{\text{C}}_{\text{6}}}{{\text{H}}_{{\text{14}}}}$ . The structure of n-hexane is shown below.

Aromatization is a chemical reaction which involves the formation of an aromatic compound from a single non – aromatic precursor. It is usually achieved by dehydrogenation.

Complete step by step answer:
In the process of aromatization of n-hexane, the n-hexane at first is treated with vanadium oxide or chromium (III) oxide. This treatment gives a cyclic hexane or cyclohexane. This cyclohexane formed in the first step then undergoes dehydrogenation and aromatization to give benzene as the final product. The reaction of aromatization of n – hexane to give benzene is shown below:

So, the option A is correct.
Toluene can be obtained from benzene through Friedel - Craft’s alkylation process. But it cannot be directly obtained from n – hexane through the aromatization of n – hexane as aromatization of n – hexane gives benzene as the product. So, the option B is not correct.
The third option is methane which is not an aromatic compound. Since aromatization means the formation of ‘aromatic’ compounds from non – aromatic compounds, therefore methane is not acceptable. So, the option C is also not correct.
The last option is a mixture of octanes which are again not aromatic compounds. Therefore, the option D is also not correct.

So, the option A is correct.

Note: The aromatization reaction has a huge application in the oil refining process. For example, it is observed in the conversion of naphthene into aromatics which is catalyzed by platinum. This is illustrated in the conversion of methylcyclohexane into toluene. This reaction is used in the production of gasoline from petroleum.