# If in a triangle \[{\rm{ABC}}\] side \[a = (\sqrt 3 + 1){\rm{cm}}\] and \[\angle B = {30^\circ }\],\[\angle C = {45^\circ }\] then the area of the triangle is

A. \[\frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{3}\;{\rm{c}}{{\rm{m}}^2}\]

B. \[\frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{2}\;{\rm{c}}{{\rm{m}}^2}\]

C. \[\frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{{2\sqrt 2 }}\;{\rm{c}}{{\rm{m}}^2}\]

D. \[\frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{{3\sqrt 2 }}\;{\rm{c}}{{\rm{m}}^2}\]

Last updated date: 22nd Mar 2023

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Answer

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**Hint:**

In this case, we have been given that in a triangle ABC, the side is \[a = (\sqrt 3 + 1){\rm{cm}}\] and two angles \[\angle B = {30^\circ }\],\[\angle C = {45^\circ }\]and here we see that one of the angles is \[\angle C = {45^\circ }\]and the other is \[\angle B = {30^\circ }\]then it may be isosceles triangle. We know that all angle’s sum is \[{180^\circ }\] in a triangle. So that we have to apply sine rule and also to use area of triangle formula in order to get the required result.

**Formula used:**

Sine rule:

\[\frac{{\rm{a}}}{{\sin {\rm{A}}}} = \frac{{\rm{b}}}{{\sin {\rm{B}}}} = \frac{{\rm{c}}}{{\sin {\rm{C}}}}\]

Triangle’s area:

\[\frac{1}{2}{\rm{ab}}\sin {\rm{C}}\]

**Complete step-by-step solution:**

We have been provided in the question that in a triangle \[ABC\] we have

\[a = (\sqrt 3 + 1);\angle B = {30^\circ },\angle C = {45^\circ }\]

As we know by sum of angle property that triangle’s sum of angle is \[{180^0}\] we can write as

\[ \Rightarrow \angle {\rm{A}} = {180^\circ } - {75^\circ } = {105^\circ }\]

Now, we have to use sine rule

\[\frac{{\rm{a}}}{{\sin {\rm{A}}}} = \frac{{\rm{b}}}{{\sin {\rm{B}}}} = \frac{{\rm{c}}}{{\sin {\rm{C}}}}\]

Now, we have to substitute the values provided in the data to the above equation, we get

\[ \Rightarrow \frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{{\sin {{105}^\circ }}} = \frac{{\rm{b}}}{{\sin {{30}^\circ }}} = \frac{{\rm{c}}}{{\sin {{45}^\circ }}}\]

From the above expression, we have to determine the value of \[{\rm{b}}\] we obtain

\[ \Rightarrow {\rm{b}} = \frac{{(\sqrt 3 + 1)\sin {{30}^\circ }}}{{\sin {{105}^\circ }}}\]

Now, let’s solve numerator and denominator by using trigonometry identity, we get

\[ \frac{{(\sqrt 3 + 1)}}{{2\sin \left( {{{45}^\circ } + {{60}^\circ }} \right)}}\]

On further simplification using trigonometry identity, we obtain

\[ = \sqrt 2 \]

We have been already known that the area of triangle is \[\frac{1}{2}{\rm{ab}}\sin {\rm{C}}\]

By using the above formula we have ti substitute the values obtain previously we get

\[ = \frac{1}{2}(\sqrt 3 + 1)(\sqrt 2 )\frac{1}{{\sqrt 2 }}\]

Now, we have to simplify further we obtain

\[ = \frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{2}\;{\rm{c}}{{\rm{m}}^2}\]

Therefore, if in a triangle \[{\rm{ABC}}\] side \[a = (\sqrt 3 + 1){\rm{cm}}\] and \[\angle B = {30^\circ },\angle C = {45^\circ }\] then the area of the triangle is \[\frac{{\sqrt 3 + 1}}{2}\;{\rm{c}}{{\rm{m}}^2}\]

**Hence, the option B is correct**

**Note:**

It is important to remember that the sum of all the angles must equal 180. Also, keep in mind that the length of a triangle's sides is a positive number. To relate the length and angles of a triangle, the sine and cosine formulas must be used.

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