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Differentiate ${{e}^{x}}\tan x$ with respect to $x$.

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: For solving this question we will use the product rule of differentiation for differentiating any function of the form $y=f\left( x \right)\cdot g\left( x \right)$. After that, we will use the result of derivative of ${{e}^{x}}$ and $\tan x$ with respect to $x$ for writing the derivative of ${{e}^{x}}\tan x$ with respect to $x$.

Complete step-by-step answer:
We have a function $y={{e}^{x}}\tan x$ and we have to find the derivative of the given function with respect to the variable $x$ .
Now, before we proceed we should know the following three results:
1. If $y=f\left( x \right)\cdot g\left( x \right)$ then derivative of $y$ with respect to the variable $x$ will be equal to $\dfrac{dy}{dx}={f}'\left( x \right)\cdot g\left( x \right)+f\left( x \right)\cdot {g}'\left( x \right)$ . This is also known as the product rule of differentiation.
2. If $y={{e}^{x}}$ then derivative of $y$ with respect to the variable $x$ will be equal to $\dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{d\left( {{e}^{x}} \right)}{dx}={{e}^{x}}$ .
3. If $y=\tan x$ then derivative of $y$ with respect to the variable $x$ will be equal to $\dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{d\left( \tan x \right)}{dx}={{\sec }^{2}}x$ .
Now, we will be using the above three results for solving this question. As it is given that $y={{e}^{x}}\tan x$ and we have to find the derivative of the given function with respect to the variable $x$ so, we can apply the product rule of differentiation which is mentioned in the first point. Then,
$\begin{align}
  & y={{e}^{x}}\tan x \\
 & \Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{d\left( {{e}^{x}} \right)}{dx}\times \tan x+{{e}^{x}}\times \dfrac{d\left( \tan x \right)}{dx} \\
\end{align}$
Now, form the second and third results mentioned above we can substitute $\dfrac{d\left( {{e}^{x}} \right)}{dx}={{e}^{x}}$ and $\dfrac{d\left( \tan x \right)}{dx}={{\sec }^{2}}x$ in the above equation. Then,
$\begin{align}
  & \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{d\left( {{e}^{x}} \right)}{dx}\times \tan x+{{e}^{x}}\times \dfrac{d\left( \tan x \right)}{dx} \\
 & \Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}={{e}^{x}}\tan x+{{e}^{x}}{{\sec }^{2}}x \\
 & \Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}={{e}^{x}}\left( \tan x+{{\sec }^{2}}x \right) \\
\end{align}$
Now, from the above result, we can write that if $y={{e}^{x}}\tan x$ then derivative of the given function with respect to the variable $x$ will be equal to $\dfrac{dy}{dx}={{e}^{x}}\left( \tan x+{{\sec }^{2}}x \right)$ .
Thus, differentiation of ${{e}^{x}}\tan x$ with respect to $x$ will be equal to ${{e}^{x}}\left( \tan x+{{\sec }^{2}}x \right)$.

Note: Here, the student should understand how we should apply the product rule to find the value of $\dfrac{dy}{dx}$ for any function of the form $y=f\left( x \right)\cdot g\left( x \right)$ . Although the problem is very easy, we should be careful while solving. Moreover, the student should avoid calculation mistakes while solving to get the correct answer.