A light microscope is a tool used to study microbodies such as bacteria, fungus, etc. to identify their features. Also, it enables examination of small objects which are not visible through naked eyes. The light microscope is also known as an optical microscope. It is an instrument that uses light rays and lenses to enlarge images of microorganisms and other small entities.
One has to place the object on a given platform and view the microbe through the eyepieces. Optical ones are of two types – simple and compound microscopes. The simple one utilises the visual capacity of single or multiple lenses to enlarge objects. In the case of the compound ones, one lens is placed close to the substance for viewing it.
On the other hand, an electron microscope is an instrument that uses electron beams to capture an image and enlarge it. It is an advanced tool that enables a person to visualise smaller entities in high resolution. Through it, you can magnify things in nanometres and scrutinise the objects carefully.
Though the initial work of both the tools is to magnify objects, there is a difference between light and electron microscope.
Read on to understand the distinction of these two tools in detail!
The difference between light and electron microscope is elucidated here as follows:
The type of electron microscope used for studying the internal structure of cells is
Scanning electron microscope (SEM)
Transmission electron microscope (TEM)
The magnification power of an optical microscope is
Under an electron microscope, you can magnify an object up to
2,09,000 no. of times
4,12,000 number of times
The picture taken from a microscope is
Which portion of a compound microscope enables in focussing the visible light on the object for a viewing?
From the above discussion, we hope you have a clear concept of the difference between light and electron microscope. You can also catch up on our detailed study material and online classes by downloading our Vedantu app from the Play Store.
1. What are the Uses of Electron Microscopes?
Ans. With an electron microscope, we can visualise the tiny structure of various specimens. Therefore, it has applications in the industrial areas for controlling quality, and for studying microbiology.
2. How is Light Microscope Different from Electron Microscope?
Ans. An electron microscope utilises electron beams to enlarge an object while a light microscope uses light rays to magnify any object. It is the main difference between light microscope and electron microscope.
3. What are the Three Types of Electron Microscopes?
Ans. The three types of electron microscopes consist of a scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM).