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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Chapter 8: Ancient Education System of India (It So Happened)

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Ancient Education System of India Class 8 Question Answer - FREE PDF Download

Class 8 English lesson 11 question answer  "Ancient Education System of India" explores the holistic approach to education in ancient India, focusing on physical, mental, intellectual, and moral development. Rooted in the teachings of the Vedas and Upanishads, the system promoted values like honesty and self-discipline. Institutions like Gurukuls, pathshalas, and renowned universities such as Nalanda and Takshashila played a vital role, supported by community contributions, shaping a comprehensive educational framework.


Vedantu offers comprehensive NCERT Ancient Education System of India Class 8 Question Answers updated for the latest CBSE Class 8 English Syllabus. These solutions are compiled by master teachers and subject matter experts.


Glance on “Ancient Education System of India” Class 8

  • The ancient Indian education system emphasized overall development, including physical, mental, intellectual, and moral aspects, focusing on values like honesty, self-discipline, and humility.

  • Education was based on the Vedas and Upanishads, promoting duties towards self, family, and society, with disciplines such as Shastras, Kavyas, and Arthashastra.

  • Education was imparted through Gurukuls, pathshalas, temples, and universities like Nalanda and Takshashila, which attracted students globally and offered diverse subjects including medicine, law, and astronomy.

  • Teachers played a crucial role in student selection, curriculum framing, and encouraging oral learning, ensuring students had a deep understanding before concluding their courses.

  • Financial support from merchants and society enabled free education in many institutions, with significant centers in both North and South India, such as Valabhi and agraharas.

  • The system's focus on holistic development and diverse subjects provides valuable insights for modern education, highlighting the importance of multilingual and multicultural learning.

Access NCERT Solutions for Ancient Education System of India Class 8

Comprehension Check (Page 92)

1. Why were travelers attracted to India?

Ans. Many travelers were drawn to India due to its renowned culture, wealth, religions, philosophies, art, and architecture, as well as its widely recognized educational practices. The ancient Indian education system was seen as a valuable source of knowledge, traditions, and practices that provided guidance and inspiration to humanity. To these travelers, India represented a land of immense fascination and wonder.


2. What were the sources of the ancient education system?

Ans. The ancient education system drew from various sources, including the teachings of the Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads, and Dharmasutras. Additionally, the works of Aryabhata, Panini, Katyayana, and Patanjali, along with the medical treatises of Charaka and Sushruta, were significant sources of knowledge. Other disciplines that contributed to learning included Itihas (history), Anviksiki (logic), Mimamsa (interpretation), Shilpashastra (architecture), Arthashastra (polity), Varta (agriculture, trade, commerce, animal husbandry), and Dhanurvidya (archery).


3. What were the features of the education system in ancient India?

Ans. Some features of the education system in ancient India included:

  • Teaching and learning the principles of the Vedas and Upanishads. 

  • Emphasizing duties towards self, family, and society, thus covering all aspects of life.

  • The education system prioritized both intellectual learning and physical development.

  • Emphasis was placed on maintaining a healthy mind and a healthy body.

  • Education in India was known for being practical, attainable, and integrated into everyday life.


4. What was the role of the guru in pupils’ lives?

Ans. Gurus played a huge role in pupils’ lives:

  • In ancient times, Gurus and their students worked diligently together to master all areas of learning.

  • Shastrartha (learned debates) were held to evaluate students’ understanding.

  • Advanced students guided younger ones, similar to modern peer learning groups.

  • Gurus and their shishyas lived together, supporting each other in daily life.

  • The main goals were comprehensive learning, a disciplined life, and realizing the student’s inner potential.

  • Students lived away from home for many years until they fully achieved their goals.

  • The gurukul was where the Guru-shishya bond grew stronger over time.

  • Education in various disciplines like history, debate, law, and medicine focused on both the outer knowledge and the inner development of the personality.


Comprehension Check (Page 97)

1. Where did the nuns and monks receive their education?

Ans. Nuns and monks obtained their education from monasteries or viharas, which served as centers for art and learning. These institutions were established primarily for meditation, scholarly discussions, and debates. These activities aimed to fulfill their deep thirst for knowledge during ancient times.


2. What is Panini known for?

Ans. Panini was a renowned Indian Sanskrit grammarian, celebrated for his expertise in language and grammar. He authored the monumental work on grammar known as Ashtadhyayi. As a highly esteemed scholar in ancient India, Panini is regarded as the "Father of Linguistics" for his comprehensive scientific theory of phonetics, morphology, and phonology.


3. Which university did Xuan Zang and I-Qing study at?

Ans. In the 7th century CE, Chinese scholars I-Qing and Xuan Zang visited Nalanda. During Xuan Zang's visit, Nalanda, then known as Nala, was a renowned center for higher learning in various subjects.


4. Which subject did Xuan Zang study in India?

Ans. Xuan Zang studied Yogashastra, grammar, logic, and Sanskrit at Nalanda University in India.


5. How did society help in the education of the students?

Ans. In ancient times, knowledge was regarded as sacred, and therefore no fees were charged for imparting it. Contributions to education from the wealthy were seen as the highest form of donation. Financial support mainly came from rich merchants, affluent parents, and the broader society. Wealthy individuals donated buildings and land to universities. Free education was primarily available in ancient universities like Valabhi, Vikramshila, and Jagaddala.


Exercise (Page 97)

Discuss the following questions in small groups and write your answers.

1. Which salient features of the ancient education system of India made it globally renowned?

Ans. Some of the key features that made the ancient Indian education system globally renowned are:

  • The ancient Indian education system evolved to focus on the holistic development of individuals, addressing both the inner and outer self.

  • It emphasized the spiritual, physical, moral, and intellectual aspects of life.

  • Core values such as truthfulness, humility, self-reliance, discipline, and respect for all creative works were stressed.

  • Students were taught to appreciate and maintain a balance between humans and nature.

  • Teachers adhered to the teachings of the Vedas and Upanishads, which included fulfilling responsibilities towards oneself, family, and society, encompassing all aspects of life.


2. Why do you think students from other countries came to India to study at that time?

Ans. In ancient times, students from China, Korea, Tibet, Burma, Ceylon, Java, Nepal, and other distant countries were drawn to India for their studies. India was regarded as a land of wonder, offering a rich source of knowledge with educational centers of higher learning. Various monasteries or viharas were established for monks and nuns to meditate, debate, and engage in scholarly discussions to satisfy their thirst for knowledge.

Additionally, Takshashila was a renowned center of learning that included Buddhist religious teachings. For several centuries, it continued to attract students from around the world until its destruction in the 5th century CE.


3. Why is education considered a way of life?

Ans. Education was considered a way of life in ancient India due to the presence of both formal and informal modes of education. Indigenous education was provided at home, in gurukuls, tools, temples, pathshalas, and chatuspadis. In homes, villages, and temples, individuals would guide young children, helping them to adopt pious and ideal ways of living.


4. What do you understand by holistic education? 

Ans. Holistic education focuses on developing both the inner and outer self of an individual, preparing them for life. In ancient India, while the education system was free, it was not centralized. It was primarily rooted in India's rich cultural traditions, which fostered the comprehensive development of physical, spiritual, intellectual, and artistic aspects of life.


5. Why do you think Takshashila and Nalanda have been declared heritage sites?

Ans. Takshashila, an ancient Indian city, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980 due to its significance as an archaeological site and a center of advanced learning, renowned for its expert teachers. 

Nalanda, one of the world's oldest universities, was a major center of learning from the 5th to the 12th century CE. UNESCO recognized the ruins of Nalanda Mahavihara as a World Heritage Site, acknowledging its historical importance.


Benefits of NCERT “The Ancient Education System of India” Class 8 Question Answers 

  • NCERT Solutions provides detailed explanations for the chapter on The Ancient Education System of India for Class 8, ensuring students grasp the concepts thoroughly.

  • By covering all aspects of the ancient education system of India's Class 8 question answer, students gain a clear understanding of the chapter's features and importance.

  • The NCERT solutions address the specific needs of Class 8 English Lesson 11 Question Answers, ensuring students are well-prepared for their exams.

  • The solutions help students appreciate the features of the education system in ancient India, promoting a holistic understanding of historical educational practices.

  • These NCERT Solutions are easily accessible and available in formats that students can refer to at any time, aiding consistent study habits.

  • By using these well-structured solutions, students can improve their performance in exams by understanding and answering questions accurately.

  • The Class 8 English Ancient Education System of India Question Answers are available to download in PDF Format for FREE so that students can access them as and when they want.


Conclusion

The chapter on the ancient education system of India shows how it focused on overall development, including physical, mental, and moral growth. It emphasized important values and balanced living. This system, rooted in cultural traditions, offers valuable lessons for modern education, creating well-rounded individuals ready for life. You can find and download the NCERT Solutions for FREE in PDF format for the chapter from Vedantu to give yourself your much-needed headstart in your exam preparation.


Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions Class 8 English

After completing the NCERT The Ancient Education System of India Class 8 Question Answers. Students can proceed to refer to the following table for NCERT Solutions from all chapters of the Class 8 English It So Happened textbook.



Other Important Study Material Class 8 English

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Chapter 8: Ancient Education System of India (It So Happened)

1. What is the main focus of the ancient education system in India?

The ancient education system in India focused on the holistic development of individuals, including physical, mental, intellectual, and moral aspects.

2. How were students taught in ancient India?

Students were taught through both formal and informal modes, including home, gurukuls, pathshalas, temples, and chatuspadis.

3. What were some key values emphasized in the ancient education system?

Key values included truthfulness, humility, self-reliance, discipline, and respect for all creative works.

4. What role did teachers play in the ancient education system?

Teachers played a crucial role in selecting students, framing the curriculum, and ensuring comprehensive understanding through oral learning and debates.

5. How was education funded in ancient India?

Education was often free and supported by financial contributions from wealthy merchants, parents, and society, including donations of buildings and land.

6. What subjects were taught in ancient Indian educational institutions?

Subjects included Vedic teachings, history, logic, grammar, medicine, law, military science, and arts.

7. What were Gurukuls and how did they function?

Gurukuls were residential schools where students lived with their teachers, receiving education and guidance in a close-knit environment.

8. Why were institutions like Nalanda and Takshashila significant?

Nalanda and Takshashila were major centers of learning that attracted students globally and offered advanced education in various disciplines.

9. What was the purpose of Shastrartha in ancient Indian education?

Shastrartha, or learned debates, were organized to assess student’s learning and enhance their understanding through intellectual discussions.

10. How did the ancient education system of India contribute to personal growth?

The system focused on developing both the inner and outer self, preparing individuals for life by imparting knowledge, values, and skills in a balanced manner.