NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-8

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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8 - India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife - Free PDF Download

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8 – India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

  1. Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important? 

Ans: In India, the monsoon winds are bringing rain. In India, rainfall is critical since agriculture is reliant on it.

  1. Name the different seasons in India.

Ans: In India, there are four distinct seasons:-

  1. Winter Season: December to February

  2. Summer Season: March to May

  3. Rainy Season: June to September

  4. Autumn Season: October to November

  1. What is natural vegetation?

Ans: Natural vegetation refers to grasses, bushes, and trees that develop naturally without human intervention or assistance.

  1. Name the different types of vegetation found in India.

Ans: India's vegetation is categorized into five types:-

  1. Tropical Evergreen Forest - These forests are home to a diverse range of tree species, each of which sheds its leaves at different periods of the year. As a result, they are known as evergreen forests because they are continually green.

  2. Tropical Deciduous Forest - Monsoon forests are another name for these types of forests.

  3. They have a Lower Density. They lose their leaves at a specific period of year.

  4. Thorny Bushes - This form of vegetation can be found in the country's arid regions. To decrease water loss, the leaves are shaped like spines.

  5. Mountain Vegetation - In the mountains, depending on the elevation, a diverse range of species can be found. The temperature drops as one becomes taller.

  6. Mangrove Forests - These trees can withstand saline water.They're mostly found in West Bengal's Sunderbans and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

  1. What is the difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?


 Evergreen forest:-

  1. They are known as Evergreen forests because they are permanently green.

  2. Mahogany, ebony, and rosewood are among the important trees found in these woodlands.

  3. These woods are often found on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, also in sections of North-Eastern states, and also on a taper strip of the Western slope of the Western Ghats.

  4. They're so dense that sunlight can't get through to the ground.

Deciduous Forest:-

  1. These are less densely forested areas.

  2. Sal, Teak, Peepal, Neem, and Shisham are also important trees in these woodlands.

  3. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Maharashtra all have them.

  4. Monsoon forests are the name given to these types of forests.

  1. Why is tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest?

Ans: The tropical rainforest is also known as an evergreen forest because it sheds its leaves at different periods of the year and hence remains green all year.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The world's highest rainfall occurs in

(i) Mumbai         (ii) Asansol          (iii) Mawsynram

Ans: (iii) Mawsynram - Mawsynram is a town in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya, India's northeastern state. It is located 60.9 kilometres from Shillong. In India, Mawsynram receives the most rainfall.

(b) Mangrove forests can thrive in

(i) saline water      (ii) fresh water         (iii) polluted water

Ans: (i) saline water - Despite the fact that mangroves are well-adapted to salty settings, maintaining water intake under saline circumstances is an energy-intensive process.

(c) Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in

(i) mangrove forests         (ii) tropical deciduous forests     (iii) tropical evergreen forests 

Ans: (iii) tropical evergreen forests - An evergreen forest is one in which all of the trees are evergreen.

(d) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in

(i) Himalayan region        (ii) Peninsular region            (iii) Gir forests 

Ans: (i) Himalayan region - The Himalayas, often known as the Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia that separates the Indian subcontinent's plains from the Tibetan Plateau.

(e) During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds blow from

(i) land to sea           (ii) sea to land            (iii) plateau to plains

Ans: (ii) sea to land - After crossing the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and Bay of Bengal, the south-west monsoon, also known as summer monsoon, blows from sea to land.

3. Fill in the blanks. 

(a) Hot and dry winds known as _____ blow during the day in the summers. 

Ans: Loo - The Loo is a powerful, dusty, windy, hot, and dry summer wind from the west that blows across the western Indo-Gangetic Plain in North India and Pakistan.

(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of _______.

Ans: Retreating monsoons - retreating monsoon season begins with the onset of the south-west monsoon's withdrawal (mid-September – November) and lasts until early January.

(c) ________ forest in Gujarat is the home of ________.

Ans: Gir, Asiatic Lion - The Asiatic lion is a Panthera leo leo species that can only be found in India today. Its range has been restricted to Gir National Park and the neighbouring areas in the Indian state of Gujarat since the turn of the twentieth century.

(d) ________ is a well-known species of mangrove forests. 

Ans: Sundari - Sundari is the most common mangrove tree species in India and Bangladesh's Sundarbans.

(e) _________ are also called monsoon forests.

Ans: Tropic deciduous forest - Monsoon forest, also known as dry forest or tropical deciduous forest, is a type of open woodland found in tropical areas with a long dry season followed by a wet season.

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8

NCERT Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat is authorized by an expert panel. The Earth Our Habitat gives an introduction to the major geographical aspect of our planet. This subject is further divided into 8 chapters which are important for the exams. The Class 6 geography NCERT Social Science Chapter 8 is named India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife. This chapter deals with the different seasons, vegetation, forests and wildlife sanctuaries. By going through the content of NCERT Chapter 8 Geography, students can understand the different vegetation, climate, and wildlife of India.

NCERT Class 6 geography Chapter 8 is explained in a very good way, by which students can easily understand the concepts and perform well in their exams. The complete NCERT Solutions for Class 6 geography Chapter 8 is available to download without any charges. Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography and can perform well in their examinations.

NCERT questions are of different varieties such as MCQs questions, full-sentence questions as well as fill in the blanks. In this way, students can practice more from the examination point of view. By referring to the solutions, students can practice the questions and perform well in the examinations without any fear.

The solutions of the NCERT Class 6 Geography questions are explained by experienced teachers in easy language which can easily be understood by every student. By going through the solution provided by experienced teachers, they can understand the concept and perform efficiently in the examinations. All the latest information about the NCERT Solutions have been provided at Vedantu. 

All the exercises from the NCERT textbooks are proven to be the best, as they consist of easy, moderate and challenging questions. Practising these questions would also assist students to successfully revise the entire textbook. So the students need not read the entire textbook a day before the exam. They can prepare well in advance for the exams and score well. You must look at a ready-made solution for self-assessment purposes after discovering the solution from exercises.

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Yes, to secure good marks in any subject, you have to put an extra effort. For that matter, Vedantu provides internal questions of the chapters, MCQs for practice so that students can get a clear understanding.

3. What is the climate and vegetation of India?

India has a very diverse range of climate and vegetation. You will observe severe changes from one place to another. According to the climate, their vegetation also differs. For example, if you go to desert areas and nearby cities, you will experience a completely different climate and vegetation than in the Himalayas. The vegetation you will observe in Jammu and Kashmir will be different from that in Kerala. 

4. What are the types of vegetation in India?

There are in total six types of vegetation in India. These are as follows:

  • Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests

  • Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests

  • Dry Deciduous Forests

  • Mountain Forests

  • Tidal or Mangrove Forests

  • Semi-Desert and Desert Vegetations

You will observe different types of food grown in these regions because of their climatic conditions, soil texture, water requirement, and so on. 

5. What is natural vegetation? What are the different types of vegetation found in India?

Natural Vegetation is the naturally growing plant also known as the flora of different regions. They play an important role in the lives of living things. The type of natural vegetation differs from place to place according to climatic conditions, soil, topography, etc. There are around six different types of natural vegetation in India. All differ in their characteristics and nature. 

6. Why does India have a variety of vegetation?

The type of natural vegetation of the location depends upon the climatic conditions of that place. India has a vast variety of climatic conditions in different regions. The climate of different places differs vastly due to the amount of rainfall in different areas. The quality of soil and amount of sunlight also contributes to the large variety of natural vegetation present in India. 

7. What are the main climates of India?

In India, you will notice different climates as you move to several places. The climate you will observe in the Himalayas will be completely different from the climate of desert areas. There are mainly four seasons you will observe, that are:

  • Winter season

  • Summer season

  • Rainy season

  • Autumn season

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