A rational number is formed when the common factor between the denominator and numerator is only 1. But the combination is that the denominator is always positive, including that a rational number can be standard when the numerator is associated with a positive sign. If these conditions are fulfilled, these numbers can be called rational numbers in standard form.
Based on this definition, some examples, theories, and processes demonstrate rational numbers in their standard form. Hopefully, these examples will better understand the conflict of rational numbers.
A rational number is said to be in its standard form when the common factor between the numerator and the denominator is only 1 while that denominator is always positive. In addition, the standard form of a rational number is satisfied when the numerator contains a positive sign. Such Numbers are what we call Rational Numbers in Standard Form. Below are a few theories and examples which illustrate the process of expressing rational numbers in standard form and will help you get acquainted with the concept even better.
What is the Standard Form of a Rational Number?
From the above definition, we can say that generally, x/y can be asserted as a rational number in its standard form. But there must not be any common factor except 1 between the numerator and denominator. Apart from that, the denominator, which is 'y' here, should always be positive.
How to Convert a Rational Number into Standard Form?
Below is a step-by-step listed guideline to express the rational number in standard form. The detailed step-by-step procedure is explained for enhanced understanding of the learners and they are along the lines.
Step 2: The condition of the rational number in its standard form is that the denominator should be positive. Find out if your assigned denominator of the fraction is favorable or not. If it is positive, then the condition will be fulfilled, and if it is not clear, you can divide or multiply both the numerator and denominator with -1. By doing that, it will turn the negative denominator into a positive.
Solved Examples on Rational Numbers Standard Forms
Example1: Identify whether the given Rational Numbers are in Standard Form or Not?
A. -8/23 can be said to be a rational number in standard form. Look closely, and this option fulfills the conditions of rational numbers in standard form. Here both the numerator and the denominator have none but one common factor that is 1. Apart from that, the denominator contains a positive sign. By n analysing this, we can conclude that -8/23 can be called a rational number in its standard form.
B. -13/-39 can not be said to be a rational number in its standard form. Both the denominator and numerator contain a common factor beside one, 13. Apart from that, the denominator here is -39, which means it doesn't have any positive sign. Therefore -13/-39 can not be declared a rational number in its standard form.
Example 2: Show the Rational Number 18/45 in the Standard Form?
Here, the rational number is 18/45.
Here we have to give the GCD ( Greatest Common Divisor) of the numerator 18 and denominator 45. As the denominator 45 is not negative. Here we do not need to do anything.
GCD (18, 45) comes out to be 9
GCD (18, 45) = 9
So if you want to convert 18/45 into its standard form, as we get from the rule, we have to divide both numerator and denominator by 9.
= (18÷9)/ (45÷9)
Hence, the rational number can express 18/45 in its standard form as ⅖.
Example 3: Identify the Standard Form of the Number 12/-18?
In the rational number 12/-18, the denominator -18 is negative; hence, we must multiply the numerator and denominator with -1 to be positive.
12/-18 = 12 × (-1)/-18 × (-1)
Now we have to find out the GCD of the absolute value of the numerator and denominator.
Hence, GCD (12, 18) comes out to be 6
GCD (12, 18) = 6
After that, both the denominator and the numerator should be multiplied and divided by the GCD that is 6.
= (−12)÷6)/(18÷6)(−12)÷6)/(18÷6)(-12) ÷6)/ (18÷6)
Hence, the standard form of Rational Number 12/-18 will be -⅔.
Example 4: How do We Reduce the Number 3/15 to its Standard Form?
Here, we are given that the rational number is 3/15.
The denominator 15 is positive, so there is no need to change it.
We have to find out the GCD of numerator and denominator absolute values.
GCD (3,15) comes out to be 3GCD (3,15) = Therefore the numerator and denominator will be divided by the GCD.
3/15 = (3÷3)/ (15÷3)
So, 3/15 deduced to its standard Form is ⅕.