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# Types of Angles

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Last updated date: 20th Sep 2024
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## Types of Angles - Acute, Right, Obtuse, Straight and Reflex Angles

Angles are one of the fundamental units of geometry that can be found even in nature. For human beings, angles are an important aspect of architecture and engineering. It is impossible to construct buildings, manufacture machines, build roads and dams, and many other structures without it. Angles can be found everywhere, from a pizza slice to carpentry sketches and fashion design.

### Types of Angles - Acute, Right, Obtuse, Straight and Reflex Angles

Learning about angles is important, as they form the base of Geometry. In the following article, we will go through the different types and importance of angles as it relates to geometry problems. A simple way to begin with the concept is that when two lines intersect, at the point of their intersection an angle is formed. The two rays that form the angle are known as the sides of the angle. It is not necessary that an angle is formed by the intersection of two straight lines; it can be formed by the intersection of two curved lines too.  Before understanding the types of angles, let’s first focus on how to measure the angles.

### Parts of an Angle

An angle is formed when two rays intersect at a common endpoint. When measuring the angle, one arm is fixed as the base while the other moves clockwise or counterclockwise to form an angle between the two. Therefore, all angles have two “sides” or “arms” and one “vertex”.

### How to label Angles?

There are two main ways to label an angle:

• As shown in the figure, the angle is assigned a Greek alphabet such as alpha (α) or theta (θ). You can also label them with lower case alphabets.

• When working on geometry problems with complex figures, angles can be labelled using the labelling of the figure. Consider the above figure; for example, the angle α can also be called angle PQR.

### Positive and Negative Angles

Based on the direction of rotation, you can classify angles as positive or negative.

Positive angles: The angles are measured in the counterclockwise direction (opposite to the direction in which the clock turns) starting from the angle base.

Negative angles: These angles are measured in the clockwise direction starting from the angle base.

### The Magnitude of an Angle

The magnitude of an angle is the rotation that occurs about the vertex to bring one of the arms to form an angle. The greater the rotation or opening between the arms, the more magnitude it is said to have. For example-

There are various types of angles based on their measure of the angle. The types are:

1. Acute angle

2. Right angle

3. Obtuse angle

4. Straight angle

5. Reflex angle

### How to measure Different Types of Angles?

1. Acute Angle

An angle which measures less than 90° is called an acute angle. The measure between 0° to 90°. In the picture below, the angle formed by the intersection of PQ and QR at Q forms an angle PQR which measures 45°. Thus, PQR is called an acute angle.

2. Right Angle

An angle which measures exactly 90° is called a right angle. It is generally formed when two lines are perpendicular to each other. In the figure below, line AB intersects line BC at B and forms an angle ABC which measures 90°.

3. Obtuse Angle

An angle that measures greater than 90° is known as the obtuse angle. The angle measure ranges from 90° to 180°. An obtuse angle can also be found out if we have the measure of the acute angle.

Obtuse Angle Measure = (180 - acute angle measure)

In the picture above, line segment DO intersects line segment OQ at point O and forms an angle DOQ measuring 120°. Thus, it is an obtuse angle.

Also, if we extend line OQ to OP then we can find a measure of the acute angle.

DOP = 180° - DOQ = 180° - 120° = 60°

4. Straight Angle

The angle which measures exactly 180° is called a straight angle. This is similar to a straight line, thus the name straight angle.

A straight angle is nothing but a mixture of an obtuse angle and acute angle on a line.

5. Reflex Angle

The angle which measures greater than 180° and less than 360° is known as the reflex angle. The reflex angle can be calculated if the measure of the acute angle is given, as it is complementary to the acute angle on the other side of the line.

Using the reflex angle, we can find the measure of the acute angle.

A Measure of Acute Angle = 360° – a Measure of Reflex Angle

6. Complementary & Supplementary Angles

Complementary Angle

If two angles add up to measure 90° then they are known as complementary angles. The angles don't have to be adjacent to each other to be known as complementary. As long as they add up to 90° they will be known as complementary angles.

In the above figure, the angles are present adjacent to each other and add up to 90° and thus are known as complementary angles. In figure c and d, the angles are not adjacent to each other, but they add up to 90° and thus they are known as complementary angles.

Supplementary Angles

When two angles add up to 180° then they are known as supplementary angles. There are various types of supplementary angles.

These angles have a common side and vertex, i.e., a corner point. However, these points do not overlap in any way. In simpler terms, adjacent angles are two angles next to each other.

These angles do not have a common endpoint, i.e They usually do not have a common vertex.

• Vertical Angles

Angles which have a common vertex and the sides of the angle are formed by the same lines are known as vertical angles. Vertical angles are equal to each other.

In the above figure, 1 and 3, 2 and 4, 6 and 8 and 5 and 7 are vertical angles. Also, 3, 4,5, 6 are known as interior angles and 1,2,7,8 are known as exterior angles.

• Alternate Interior Angles

These are a pair of interior angles present on the opposite side of the transversal. The easiest way to spot alternate interior angles is to identify a "Z” on the interior side.

In the above figure, 3 and 5, 4 and 6 are interior angles. The interior angles are equal to one another.

• Alternate Exterior Angles

This is similar to alternate interior angles; just that it is present on the exterior side. In the above figure, 1 and 7, 2 and 8 are the pair of alternate exterior angles. Similar to alternate interior angles, even alternate exterior angles are equal to one another.

• Corresponding Angles

Angles which are present in a similar position are known as corresponding angles. In the above figure, 1 and 5 are corresponding angles and they are equal to one another.

### Summary

 Angle Type Angle measure Acute angle Greater than 0 °, Less than 90° Right angle 90° Obtuse angle Greater than 90°, less than 180° Straight angle 180° Reflex angle Greater than 180°, less than 360°

The major basis of geometry is angles. Angles finds its application in nearly all types of questions, be it trigonometry to closed shapes. Understanding angles and angle types will help in solving a lot of tricky questions. Thus, make sure that you understand it well.

## FAQs on Types of Angles

1. How to define an angle? What are the different types of angles?

When two lines intersect, an angle is formed at their point of intersection. The different types of angles based on their measurements are:

1. Acute Angle - An angle less than 90 degrees.

2. Right Angle - An angle that is exactly 90 degrees.

3. Obtuse Angle - An angle more than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees.

4. Straight Angle - An angle that is exactly 180 degrees.

5. Reflex Angle - An angle greater than 180 degrees and less than 360 degrees.

2. Which site provides detailed notes on Types of Angles?

Students can find detailed notes on Types of Angles on Vedantu. Vedantu is one of the most trustworthy online learning sites that provide detailed and well-prepared notes on many important topics from examination point of view. Using the online notes on Types of Angles, students will learn about angles and their types. Students will also learn in detail about the types of angles based on how two angles are related. These are complementary angles, supplementary angles, vertical angles, alternate interior angles, alternate exterior angles and corresponding angles. Students can find proper definitions on types of angles in Vedantu’s notes on Types of Angles.

3. What are the types of angles based on rotation?

Angles are of two types based on the direction of rotation:

• Positive Angles: Positive angles are measured in a counterclockwise direction from the base. Positive angles are drawn from the origin in the (+x, +y) plane.

• Negative Angles: Negative angles are measured in a clockwise direction from the base. Negative angles are drawn from the origin in the (+x, -y) plane.

Students need to clearly understand the difference between the positive and negative angles in order to be able to identify different angles and solve problems based on them.

4. How are Vedantu’s notes on different types of angles helpful for students?

Vedantu is known to provide quality materials for exam preparation. These materials include detailed notes on topics important for exams. Students can find the most accurate and detailed notes on different types of angles. The notes on different types of angles are written by subject matter experts. These are prepared as per the exam guidelines and Maths syllabus. These notes are really helpful for exam preparation as students will have a clear understanding of the topic. Students will be able to identify the different types of angles after going through the notes. It is written in a fairly simple manner so that students do not have any issue understanding the topic.

5. What is a full rotation angle?

When the measure of an angle is equal to 360 degrees, it is called a full rotation angle. A full rotation angle occurs when the other arm makes a complete rotation and returns to the base.

All the content related to the topic on the types of angles can be found on the website of Vedantu. It can be downloaded for free in PDF format both from the website of Vedantu and its mobile application.

6. What is the difference between an obtuse and a reflex angle?

Although they appear to be similar, obtuse and reflex angles are different from each other. An obtuse angle by definition measures between 90° to 180°. On the other hand, a reflex angle is measured beyond 180°.

7. What is a zero angle?

When the angle is zero, both arms overlap on one another without forming any angle.

8. Arrange the different types of angles in descending order?

Reflex angle > Straight angle > Obtuse angle > Right angle > Acute angle

9. What is the difference between a full rotation angle and a zero angle?

In a full rotation angle, the arm makes a complete rotation around the vertex and comes back to 360°. In a zero angle, both the arms coincide without forming any angle to make it zero degrees.