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# Which of the following meet the requirements of Huckel Rule?(A) Naphthalene(B) Cyclohexane(C) 1,3,5,7 - Cyclooctatetraene(D) 1,3 - Cyclobutadiene

Last updated date: 17th Sep 2024
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Hint: In organic chemistry Huckel rule estimates whether a planar ring molecule will have aromatic properties or not. We need to analyse the structures of the compounds given in the options.

> Huckel rule states that in order to be aromatic a molecule must have a certain number of $\text{ }\!\!\pi\!\!\text{ }$ electrons (that is electrons with pi bonds or lone pairs within p orbitals) within a closed loop of parallel, adjacent p orbitals.
To be more specific we can say that, if a cyclic, planar molecule has $\text{4n+2 }\!\!\pi\!\!\text{ }$ electrons, it is an aromatic molecule. Here n is an integer which possess the value 0,1,2…etc.

> The above is the structure of Naphthalene. From the diagram, we can see that there are 5
double bonds. The number of 10 pi electrons is 10.
So, the value of $n\text{ }=\text{ }4\times n\text{ }+\text{ }2\text{ }=\text{ }10$
So, $\text{ }\!\!~\!\!\text{ n = 2}$ (which is an integer)
So, we can say that naphthalene meets the requirements of the Huckel Rule.

> The above is the structure of cyclohexane. Aromaticity requires cyclic conjugation that is
the alteration of single and double bonds or lone pairs and single bonds and double bonds
around the ring. Cyclohexane has only one double bond so it is not conjugated. Therefore, it cannot be automatic.
So we can say that cyclohexane does not follow the requirements of Huckel Rule.

> The above is the diagram of 1,3,5,7 - Cyclooctatetraene. From the structure we can figure out that it is not planar in structure. So cannot be aromatic in nature. So we can say that 1,3,5,7 - Cyclooctatetraene does not follow the requirements of Huckel Rule.

> The above is the diagram of 1,3 - Cyclobutadiene. From the diagram it is clearer than the number of $\text{ }\!\!\pi\!\!\text{ }$ electrons it is having is even in number and not odd. Therefore, it does not satisfy the $\text{4n+2 }\!\!\pi\!\!\text{ }$ electrons criteria of the Huckel Rule. So we can say that 1,3 - Cyclobutadiene does not follow the requirements of Huckel Rule.
Therefore, we conclude that Option A is the correct answer.

Note: Criteria for aromaticity:
i) It must have a planar ring.
ii) A continuous chain of unhybridized p orbitals.
iii) Odd number of delocalized electron pairs in the system.