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When an object is placed at the focus of the concave mirror:
a) Image formed is at infinity
b) Image is highly magnified
c) Image is real and inverted
Mark the correct statements:
A) a, b
B) b, c
C) a, c
D) a, b, c

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: You need to recall the case of a concave mirror where the object is placed at focus of the mirror. Recall all the laws of reflection for a concave mirror, how a ray of light propagates after reflection from the mirror and trace the ray diagram for the condition given in the question i.e. when the object is at focus; and you will get your answer.

Complete Step by Step Answer:
The ray diagrams of mirrors are not like that of lenses. In lenses, the rays used to pass directly from the lens. But in mirrors, the ray will be reflected back to the same side of the mirror from where it was coming.
Concave mirror is a special kind of mirror, not like the plane mirrors we use at our homes. Concave mirrors are curved and hence, their laws of reflection are also different from plane mirrors.
Keeping the laws of reflection in a concave mirror in mind, we will now draw the ray diagram for a concave mirror when the object is at focus.

As we can see, the image will be formed at infinity. Hence, point a is correct.
Since, the image is formed at infinity, it will be highly magnified. Hence, point b is also correct.
Also, we can see that the rays will meet below the principal focus and on the same side of the mirror as the object. Which implies that the image will be real and inverted. Hence, point c is also correct.

Therefore, option (D) is the correct answer.

Note: The rays parallel to the principal axis pass through focus after reflection. The rays passing through the center of curvature traces the same path after reflection. The concave mirror is a converging mirror and hence, the rays actually meet each other after getting reflected. However, the convex mirror is a diverging mirror, it diverges the light rays incident on it. So, we assume these diverged reflected rays meet at a point behind the mirror. So, in the case of convex mirrors we only get virtual images.